The storm god, who endows Gilgamesh with courage at his birth.
Wife of Anu, the sky god or god of the heavens and mother of Ishtar. Ishtar complains to her parents when Gilgamesh insults her.
God of the firmament, the patron god of Uruk, husband of Antun, father of Ishtar.
the stuff of Anu
another name for a meteor (Anu is the sky god)
Gods of the underworld or the seven judges of hell. Their sacred dwellings are in the forest of cedars guarded by Humbaba.
Bull of Heaven
A legendary beast, the personification of 7 years of drought, sent by Ishtar in response to Gilgamesh's refusal to marry her.
The distant abode of the gods, also where Utnapishtim lives.
God of shepherds and sheepfolds, god of vegetation.
Called "the wise," the god of the sweet waters and the arts. He breaks rank with the council of the gods and warns Utnapishtim of the impending flood.
The great temple complex in Uruk dedicated to Anu and Ishtar. Probably a ziggurat.
Underworld god, associated with the Nindukugga, governor of the underworld.
Gilgamesh's "second self and faithful companion."
The "watcher over canals" and god of irrigation.
The queen of the underworld who appears in Enkidu's dream of the afterlife.
Forest of Cedars
The region guarded by Humbaba.
The herald of storms and bad weather. He appears with Shullat at the beginning of the storm in Utnapishtim's story of the flood.
The fearsom monster appointed by Enlil to protect the Forest of Cedars.
God of the air and king of the Sumerian gods
Goddess of love/sex/fertility and daughter of Anu and Antun. She is also the patroness of Uruk.
Anu's gardener whom Ishtar loved and turned into a blind mole after he rejected her.
One of the ancient kings of Uruk. He is Gilgamesh's guardian god and progenitor.
The boat of the dead which carries all creatures to the land of the dead.
The "mother of destinies." Utnapishtim reveals that Mammetum with the Anunnaki, together decree the fates of men. Life and death they allot but the day of death they do not disclose.
Described as "half man and half dragon," the Man Scorpion and his mate are guardians of Mashu, the mountains of the rising and setting sun. They let Gilgamesh pass through the garden of the gods.
The twin peaks where the sun sets and which house the gate to the underworld.
Might of Heroes
Gilgamesh's axe which Gilgamesh takes to slay Humbaba.
Underworld god, husband of Ereshkigal. During Utnapishtim's flood, he pulled out the dams of the nether waters.
Gatekeeper of the underworld.
Mother of the sun god and wife of the moon god.
The god of the serpent and lord of the tree of life.
The goddess of growth and vegetation and the mother of Enlil.
The wife of Enlil, and goddess of heaven, earth, and air or spirit.
Gilgamesh's mom. The well-beloved and wise. She adopts Enkidu as her own and gives him a sacred necklace and entrusts Gilgamesh's safety to him.
Goddess of corn. Gives Enkidu his long flowing hair.
The mountain upon which Utnapishtim's boat settled after the flood.
Old Men are Made Young Again
The name of the secret flower Utnapishtim reveals to Gilgamesh.
Boatman who takes Gilgamesh over the waters of death to Utnapishtim.
God of cattle and god of herds. He gives Enkidu his rough hair covered hide.
One of the chief gods. The sun god, law-giver, and judge who is evoked in blessing and protection throughout the epic.
God of the feast. Sacrifices are made to him at funerals.
Utnapishtim's home and one of the five most ancient cities.
Goddess of the vine, who at first bars Gilgamesh from passage through the garden of the gods but then relents.
The moon god.
One of Ishtar's unfortunate lovers, whom she turned into a broken winged bird.
The first person to encounter Enkidu who had sabotaged his traps.
Survived the flood, has immortal life along with his wife.
Voice of Heroes
The imposing breastplate Gilgamesh wears into battle with Humbaba.