3 - ANA: Module 1: Directional Terms and Body Planes

21 terms by XKSIMONX 

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stand in an upright position (erect), facing forward, feet flat on ground.

What is the anatomical position?

superior

toward the head or upper part of a structure.

inferior

away from the head or toward the lower part of a structure

anterior (ventral)

nearer to or at the front of the body

posterior (dorsal)

nearer to or at the back of the body

medial

nearer to the midline of the body or structure

intermediate

between two structures

proximal

nearer to the attachment of a limb to the trunk; nearer to the point of origin

distal

farther away from attachment of a limb to the trunk; further from the point of origin

superficial

toward or on the surface of the body

deep

away from the surface of the body

ipsilateral

on the same side of the body

contralateral

on the opposite side of the body

parietal

pertaining to the outer wall of a body cavity

visceral

pertaining to the inner wall of a body cavity

sagittal

vertical plane divides the body into right and left sides

midsagittal

vertical plane divides the body into equal right and left sides

parasagittal

vertical plane divides into unequal right and left sides

frontal (coronal)

vertical plane, divided body into anterior and posterior portions

transverse (horizontal)

horizontal plane, divides body (organ) into superior (top) and inferior (bottom) portions

oblique

passes through body (organ) at an angle between the transverse plane

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