International Phonetic Alphabet

97 terms by iain74 

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Note : The definitions here are as close as I can make them to agree with the IPA chart (e.g. http://www.yorku.ca/earmstro/ipa/ and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Phonetic_Alphabet ) and NOT to the definitions as I learned them in my linguistics degree. Let's just say that I want to know the definitions as defined by the IPA so that I have a comparison.

i

Close, front, unrounded vowel

y

Close, front, rounded vowel

e

Close-mid, front, unrounded vowel

ø

Close-mid, front, rounded vowel

ɛ

Open-mid, front, unrounded vowel

œ

Open-mid, front, rounded vowel

æ (ae digraph)

Near-open, front vowel

ɪ

Near-close, front unrounded vowel

ʏ

Near-close, front rounded vowel

a (typed a)

Open, front, unrounded vowel

ɶ

Open, front, rounded vowel

ɨ

Close, central, unrounded vowel

ʉ

Close, central, rounded vowel

ɘ

Close-mid, central, unrounded vowel

ɵ

Close-mid, central, rounded vowel

ə

Neutral vowel

ɜ

Open-mid, central, unrounded vowel

ɞ

Open-mid, central, rounded vowel

ɐ (turned typed a)

Near-open, central vowel

ɯ

Close, back, unrounded vowel

u

Close, back, rounded vowel

ʊ

Near-close, back vowel

ɤ

Close-mid, back, unrounded vowel

o

Close-mid, back, rounded vowel

ʌ

Open-mid, back, unrounded vowel

ɔ

Open-mid, back, rounded vowel

ɑ (printed a)

Open, back, unrounded vowel

ɒ (turned printed a)

Open, back, rounded vowel

p

Vl bilabial plosive

b

Vd bilabial plosive

t

Vl alveolar plosive

d

Vd alveolar plosive

ʈ

Vl retroflex plosive

ɖ

Vd retroflex plosive

c

Vl palatal plosive

ɟ

Vd palatal plosive

k

Vl velar plosive

g

Vd velar plosive

q

Vl uvular plosive

ɢ

Vd uvular plosive

ʔ

Glottal plosive

m

Bilabial nasal

ɱ

Labiodental nasal

n

Alveolar nasal

ɳ

Retroflex nasal

ɲ

Palatal nasal

ŋ

Velar nasal

ɴ

Uvular nasal

ʙ

Bilabial trill

r

Alveolar trill

ʀ

Uvular trill

Labiodental flap or tap

ɾ

Alveolar flap or tap

ɽ

Retroflex flap or tap

ɸ

Vl bilabial fricative

β

Vd bilabial fricative

f

Vl labiodental fricative

v

Vd labiodental fricative

θ

Vl dental fricative

ð

Vd dental fricative

s

Vl alveolar fricative

z

Vd alveolar fricative

ʃ

Vl postalveolar fricative

ʒ

Vd postalveolar fricative

ʂ

Vl retroflex fricative

ʐ

Vd retroflex fricative

ç

Vl palatal fricative

ʝ

Vd palatal fricative

x

Vl velar fricative

Ɣ

Vd velar fricative

χ

Vl uvular fricative

ʁ

Vd uvular fricative

ħ

Vl pharyngeal fricative

ʕ

Vd pharyngeal fricative

h

Vl glottal fricative

ɦ

Vd glottal fricative

ɬ

Vl (alveolar) lateral fricative

ɮ

Vd (alveolar) lateral fricative

ʋ

Labiodental approximant

ɹ

Alveolar approximant

ɻ

Retroflex approximant

j

Palatal approximant

ɰ

Velar approximant

l

Alveolar lateral approximant

ɭ

Retroflex lateral approximant

ʎ

Palatal lateral approximant

ʟ

Velar lateral approximant

ʘ

Bilabial click

ǀ

Dental click

ǃ

Postalveolar click

ǂ

Palatoalveolar click

ǁ

Alveolar click

ɓ

Vd bilabial implosive

ɗ

Vd alveolar (or dental) implosive

ƒ

Vd palatal implosive

ɠ

Vd velar implosive

ʛ

Vd uvular implosive

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