Honors Bio Vocab 4D

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15 terms · Unit 4D vocabulary cell reproduction

MEIOSIS

CELL DIVISION THAT PRODUCED GAMETES (HAPLOID CELLS)

ASEXUAL REPRODUCTION

PRODUCTION OF OFFSPRING FROM ONE PARENT

SEXUAL REPRODUCTION

PRODUCTION OF OFFSPRING FROM TWO GAMETE CELLS
(SPERM AND EGG)

AUTOSOME

CHROMOSOMES THAT ARE NOT USED IN DETERMINING SEX (CHROMOSOMES 1-22 IN HUMANS)

HOMOLOGOUS CHROMOSOME

CHROMOSOMES THAT HAVE IDENTICAL SIZE, SHAPE AND GENES FOR A TRAIT

HAPLOID

CELLS THAT CONTAIN ONLY 1 SET OF CHROMOSOMES
(EX. SPERM AND EGG)

GAMETE

A NAME FOR HAPLOID REPRODUCTIVE CELL

DIPLOID

CELLS THAT CONTAIN 2 SET OF CHROMOSOMES

TETRAD

A NAME FOR A PAIR OF HOMOLOGOUS CHROMOSOMES
(4 CHROMATIDS)

GENETIC RECOMBINATION

NEW MIXTURE OF GENETIC MATERIAL

SYNAPSIS

PROCESS THAT INVOLVES PAIRING OF HOMOLOGOUS CHROMOSOMES THAT ONLY OCCURS IN MEIOSIS

CROSSING OVER

PROCESS THAT INVOLVES EXCHANGING GENETIC INFORMATION BETWEEN HOMOLOGOUS CHROMOSOMES

INDEPENDENT ASSORTMENT

RANDOM SEPARATION OF HOMOLOGOUS CHROMOSOMES THAT OCCURS IN MEIOSIS

SPERMATOGENESIS

PROCESS THAT PRODUCES SPERM CELLS

OOGENESIS

PROCESS THAT PRODUCES AN EGG CELL

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