#9 Origins of Government 5

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The New Jersey Plan

This plan proposed a uicameral legislature with all states being equal. It also proposed that there be a plural executive included, and that there would be only one federal court.

the people

Popular sovereignty means that the power to govern comes from the consent of whom?

The Connecticut Compromise

This plan proposed that all bills to raise moey would originate in the lower house of the legislature. It was offered as a plan that would break the stalemate between the big states and the small ones. It included the following suggestions: 1. a two-house legislatlure, 2. a lower house based on population, 3. an upper house with equal representation for each state.

The three fifths compromise

This compromise determined how slaves would be counted in a state's population.

popularly elected conventions

Instead of proposing ratification by the state legislatures, the federalist proposal called for ratification ot the Constitution by this means.

Baron de Montesquieu

This man proposed the separation of powers that became an important element of the U.S. Constitution.

The Virginia Plan

This plan proposed that both houses of Congress would be based on population and that both judicial and executive branches could veto laws. It also proposed that Congress could force a state to obey a national law and that the upper house would be elected by the lower house.

unicameral

This word means that a legislature would have only one house.

two thirds

This type of vote is required by the Constituion for the U.S. Senate to approve treaties.

George Washington

This man was elected as the president of the Constitutioinal Convention.

Thomas Jefferson

In Virginia, this important person was convinced by George Washington to support the Constitution.

"The Federalist Papers"

This was the title given to the 85 essays written by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison to convince the people to accept the new Constitution.

false

(true or false) The Virginia plan was favored by the smaller states.

true

(true or false) The first act of the new Congress, when it convened on March 4, 1789, was the counting of the electoral votes that were cast in the presidential election.

Delaware

This was the first state to ratify the Constitution.

Rhode Island ratified the Constitution

Out of these four events, choose the one that occurred last: 1. Delaware ratified the Constltution, 2. Rhode Island ratified the Constitution, 3. The Constitutional Convention met, and 4. the first Congress met.

New York City

This is where the first meeting of the new Congress was held.

false

(true or false) The slave states in the south did not want the slaves to be counted in their population counts.

philosophy

This term may be defined as the most general beliefs, concepts, and attitudes of an individual or group of people.

1787

This is the year in whilch the Constitution was created. This was accomplished in the city of Philadelphia.

September 17, 1787

This was the day when the Constitution was signed by the Constitutional Convention delegates.

April 30, 1789

This was the date when George Washington took the oath of office as the frst President of the United States.

true

(true or false) Washington, D.C. did not become the capital of the United States until 1800.

nine

This is how many states it would take for ratification before the Constitution would go into effect.

eighty-nlne

This is how many days of deliberation the Constitutiional Convention went through before it was sent to the states for ratification.

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