There are how many Amino Acids in the body?
Essential Amino Acids are made by the body?
Protein status is important to many functions of the body?
Simple proteins are pure Amino Acids?
After ingestion Amino Acids are broken down by stomach acid?
Amino Acids are primarily synthesized by this organ?
Primary Amino Acid diseases are caused by a genetic defect?
In 2% of Amino Acid diseases Amino Acid concentrations will be elevated in serum and urine?
How many Amino Acids do humans make in the body?
Essential Amino Acids must be consumed in the body?
What kinds of bonds join Amino Acids to form Proteins?
Amino Acids in the body are in concentrations of how much less than proteins?
1000 time less
Primary amino acid disease usually has an elevated concentration of amino acids in serum and urine?
What is the most commonly used method to determine the smallest amount of Amino Acid concentrations?
Most Amino Acids in the blood are in the form of protein?
The Amino Acid disease that all babies in PA are screened for after birth is?
The disease in queston # 16 is a genetic disease?
The disease that occurs when babies can't breakdown Amino Acids into energy resulting in a distinctive urine odor is called what?
Maple syrup disease
Newborn screenings for Amino Acid diseases are collected immediately after birth?
Lysine is an essential Amino Acid?
A secondary Amino Acid disease is Amino Aciduria?
Secondary Amino Acid diseases are genetic in nature?
Name 5 of the functions of proteins?
strorage, transport,Enzymes, Hormones, Antigen/ Antibody, Buffers
Name the structure of protein that gives protein its chemical and physical properties?
Name the structures that make up a protein and describe the physical properties of each?
Primary is linear, Secondary is helix or pleaded, Tertiary is 3 dimensional, Quaternary is 2 or more proteins joined by a chemical bond
Name the 5 ways proteins are classified?
Function, Structure and composition, Shape, Solubility, Electrophoresis
The 2 shapes used in the classification of proteins are?
Globular and fibrous
What coagulation factor is a type of protein?
The Kjeldahl - Nessler method is the reference method for protein?
Nitrogen makes up what % of prtein?
The confirmatory test for urine protein is?
Increased gamma immunoglobulin in older men can indicate this bone disease?
The buffer used in electrophoresis is of this PH?
List a protein fractions pattern in the correct order as seen in a normal electrophoretic test beginning with the protein which migrates the SLOWEST?
Gamma, Beta, Alpha 2, Alpha 1, Albumin
Name the diseases/conditions that will have abnormal electrophoietic patterns?
Liver disease, nephroitic syndrome, diabetes
Name the three types of specimens most used for protein electrophoresis tests?
Serum, urine, CSF
What two main factors which can affect the actual electrophoresis procedure and affect the final test results?
What are the two major types of isoenzyme tests performed in the lab?
CK and LD
The isoenzyme tests in #40 can diagnose what disease/condition other than liver disease?
One of the main reasons the physician orders a hemoglobin electrophoresis is to diagnose what two primary diseases?
Sickle Cell and Thalessemia
Lipoprotein electrophoresis patterns are interpreted using what classification system?
Fredrickson and Lee
Lipoprotein electrophoresis is ordered to determine whether the elevated lipids are genetic?
Serum with elevated "fats" will have this appearance?
What is the difference between monoclonal and polyclonal gammopathy?
Monoclonal is one gamma globulin abnormality, polyclonal is more then one
Abnormalities in gamma globulins are found in many immune disease?
Name two important steps in the electrophoresis procedure?
Proper specimen collection and Proper application of serum onto the agar