The name for this period of time--the Late Renaissance--is controversial? Why?
any label implies only a single style
What was the Protestant Reformation?
Henry 8th wanted to est. church of England so he could divorce queen
the reformation wanted to change practices of corrupt Catholic church
Briefly describe the Counter Reformation.
Catholic's response of a reform of itself also spiritually
____________ was central to both the Reformation and the Counter Reformation.
(a) What was a Mannerist in this period? (b) What made it become international?
Pure aesthetic, formulaic abstraction
plague of 1522, Sack of Rome, Conquest of Florence all drove the artists out
Mannerism was opposed to what previous values of the High Renaissance?
ideal of High Renaissance
What was "Counter Mannerism"?
adapted vocabulary of mannerism for counter reformation ends. Style geared solely to supporting the church and its dogma
(a) Identify and (b) describe the most characteristic music of the Late Renaissance period.
outgrowth of French and Italian popular songs, livelier and more expressive motet
(a) ________________________ was the first musician to specify which instruments were to play which parts. (b) Name another great contribution of this musician.
creation of new instruments like viols and recorders
Make a list of the things that transpired during the Late Renaissance period in theater.
public spectacles paid for by aristocracy, sets became more elaborate, permanent theaters arose, at first costume was more important, then pastoral plays, then more complicated literary works
Study Figure 14-4 and determine and list what is important in this work by Parmigianino. The Madonna with the long Neck
like Raphael, but longer limbs, effortless movement,
unearthly perfection, cold elegance
Why is the painting in Figure 14-6 important as a Mannerist painting? (allegory of Venus)
It debases the birth of Venus, it shows Venus in an incestuous relationship with Cupid. Erotic ideal that reduces passion to a genteel exchange
What is important about the painting in Figure 14-8?
(Eleanora of Toledo and her Son Giovanni de medici)
idealized portrayal of Elanora, darkened hair to stress Italian norms, left out her cleft chin and strong jaw. Hands are like Mary's so she is elevated to a deity for this portrait
Compare Tintoretto's The Last Supper in Figure 14-15 with Leonardo da Vinci's in Figure 13-3.
side view of the sitting, less emphasis on Judas, gave an every day setting with attendants, food, drink, domestic animals, angels, shows the transubstantiation
What three (3) realities does El Greco achieve in The Burial of Count Orgaz?
the grave, reinactment of the burial, celestrial glory witnessed by participants
What happened to sculpture in the Late Renaissance?
lack of major commissions outside portraits, new sculptors were not as good, maybe Michelangelo's personality discouraged new talent
What problem did Giacomo della Porta solve?
How to fit a classical facade onto basilican church
List the reasons why the Gesù is important enough to remember.
light has been used for it's expressive possibilities