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Muscle terminology and roots

Parallel Muscles

Fascicles are parallel to the long axis of the body

Convergent muscles

Fascicles extend over a broad area and converge on a single attachment

Pennate muscles

Fascicles form a common angle with the tendon

Origin

The place where the muscle is fixed in
-- non moving end

Insertion

The site where the movable end of a muscle attaches to another structure

Genio- (geneion)

Chin

Glossus

Tongue

Rectus

"straight" parallel muscles whose fires generally run along the long axis of the body

Transversus/oblique

Fibers run across or at an oblique angle to the longitudinal axis of the body

Externus/superficialis

Muscles visible at the body surface

Internus/profundus

Deeper muscles

Extrinsic

Superficial muscles that position or stabilize an organ

Intrinsic

Muscles located entirely within an organ

Cep- (caput)

Head
-- biceps brachii (bi- + caput = 2 heads)

Longus/longissimus

Long / longest

Teres

Long and round

Brevis

Short muscles

Magnus/major/maximus

Big/bigger/biggest

Minor/minimus

Smaller/smallest

abdomen

(location by body region) abdomen

elbow

(location by body region) anconeus

auricle of ear

(location by body region) auricularis

brachium

(location by body region) brachialis

head

(location by body region) capitis

wrist

(location by body region) carpi

neck

(location by body region) cervicis

clavicle

(location by body region) cleido / clavius

coccyx

(location by body region) coccygeus

ribs

(location by body region) costalis

skin

(location by body region) cutaneous

femur

(location by body region) femoris

chin

(location by body region) genio

tongue

(location by body region) glosso / glossal

great toe

(location by body region) hallucis

ilium

(location by body region) ilio

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