Joint Movements

Created by grantwi79 

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what type of movement increases the angle of a joint 180 degrees beyond anatomical position?

hyperextension

what type of movement moves the trunk of the body in a coronal plane laterally?

lateral flexion

movement where the proximal end of an appendage remains stationary while distal end moves in a circular motion:

circumduction

superior movement of a body part:

elevation

inferior movement of a body part:

depression

pivoting motion in which a bone turns on its own long axis so the anterior surface moves medially:

medial rotation

pivoting motion in which a bone turns on its own long axis so that the anterior surface moves laterally:

lateral rotation

pivoting motion in which a bone turns on its own long axis:

rotation

dorsum of the foot or hand moves so the angle between it and the limb decreases:

dorsiflexion

wrist moves to decrease the angle between the palm and the forearm

palmar flexion

intertarsal joints are moved to face the sole of the foot laterally

eversion

intertarsal joints are moved to turn the sole of the foot medially

inversion

palm of the hand is rotated to face posteriorly or inferiorly:

pronation

what type of movement increases the angle of a joint?

extension

what type of movement decreases the angle of a joint?

flexion

lateral carrying away of a body part from the midline:

abduction

medial movement of a body part toward the midline:

adduction

two opposing surfaces slide back and forth or side to side, angle between bones does not change, limited movement is possible in any direction:

gliding motion

what type of movement involves an increase or decrease in joint angle?

angular motion

palm of hand is rotated anteriorly or superiorly:

supination

ankle joint moves to point the toes inferiorly:

plantar flexion

thumb moves away from the palmar tips of the fingers:

reposition

thumb moves toward the palmar tips of the fingers as it crosses the palm of the hand

opposition

body part moves posteriorly in a horizontal plane:

retraction

body part moves anteriorly in a horizontal plane:

protraction

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