Proposed basis of The Treaty of Versailles by President Wilson
Dec. 18, 1917; banned the manufacture, sale & transportation of intoxicating liquors
June 4, 1919; - gave women the right to vote.
1st Volunteer Cavalry
"Rough Riders", of which Lt. Col. T.R. was 2nd in command
2nd Battle of the Marne
July 15, 1918; US troops stopped the German army's push into Paris; The turning point of the western campaign.
Argentina, Brazil and Chile; major central American powers
head of the National American Women's Suffrage Association's Congressional Committee
American Expeditionary Force
14,500 men, commanded by Gen. John J. Pershing, arrived on the coast of France; June 26, 1917
Secretary of Treasury under Harding
Congress voted to declare world war 1
Sept. 1, 1915; ships would not be sunk by U-Boats without advanced warning & without the safety of the non-combatants
Aug. 12, 1898
the Spanish-American War ended
Aug. 15, 1914
The Panama Canal Zone opened
Chief Forester Gifford Pinchot discovered corrupt dealings by the Sec. Of the Interior Richard Ballinger
Battle of Belleau Wood
June 2-3, 1918; A US Marine brigade stopped the German advance.
Battle of Cantigny
May 28, 1918; - US troops took back the town of Cantigny from the Germans & held it.
Battle of Manila Bay
April 30, 1898 ; the 1st US victory of the spanish-american war took place in Manila Bay, Philippines lead by Commodore Dewey
Battle of St. Mihiel
Sept. 12, 1918 ; the 1st strictly US offensive of WW1; 500,000 US Army troops pushed the Germans back, out of the area.
Oct. 29, 1929; " the stock market crashed; single most devastating day in the stock market's history.
Bonus Expeditionary Force
Unemployed WWI veterans marched on Washington, D.C. in the spring of 1932, to get the "bonuses" that Congressed had promised them in 1924
A group of Chinese nationalists called "The Fists of Righteous Harmony" rebelled against the foreign nations that were dominating Chinese government
a Christian sent into an area to do evangelism or ministries of service
Cpt. Alfred Thayer Mahan
wrote the book, "The Influence of Sea Power Upon History, 1660-1783"
de Lome Letter
Feb. 9, 1898; letter called Pres. McKinley a "weak & a bidder for the admiration of the crowd...keeping on good terms with the jingos of his party."; Spanish minister Depuy de Lome sent a letter to a friend in Cuba
Nickname for the marines given to them by the germans in WW1
the use of diplomacy to secure & promote US economic/financial interests in the Orient
This was the "gospel" of the Progressive era.
Emergency Immigration Act of 1921
restricted new arrivals to 3% of the nationalities represented on the 1910 census
Emergency Relief & Const. Act
Gave the RFC $300 Million for relief loans to the states, authorized loans up to $1.5 Billion for state & local public works, & $322 Million for Federal publi works.
Espionage & Sedition Acts of 1917-1918
made it against the law to criticize the US government, it's leaders or it's war policies.
Eugene V. Debs
a socialist politician, was arrested & convicted of encouraging draft resistance. Sentence to 20 years in prison
Federal Trade Commission
created as a watchdog of trade & commerce. They would define unfair trade practices & issue orders to stop the practice. This was the cornerstone of Wilson's anti-trust program.
a "new breed" of young Western women who wore short skirts, bobbed their hair, listened to jazz, and flaunted their disdain for what was then considered acceptable behavior
Foraker Act of 1900
a United States federal law that established civilian (limited popular) government on the island of Puerto Rico
Forest Reserve Act of 1891
set aside about 172 million acres of timberland & forests from settlement, logging, creating wildlife refuges, parks & recreation sites, naturalist areas, national parks & landmark areas.
Frederick W. Taylor
the "efficiency expert", whose book, The Principles of Scientific Management
an informal agreement between two or more parties
Dewey destroyed the Spanish ships at Manila, & used the native population to fight & remove the Spaniards on the island.
Glass-Owens Act of 1913
Federal Reserve Act-1913; created a new banking system with regional reserve banks that were supervised by a central Board of Directors
Increase in political protests, cultural expression, social movements, art, literature, music, economic reform, & black awareness; Followed the ideas of Booker T. Washington
gas stations in the Pacific; these islands were united by King Kamehameha IV (The Great). Cpt. James Cook acquired these islands for England in the late 1700's
stated the US would receive the canal zone & 6 miles on either side for $10 million cash, up front, and $250,000/ yr. In rent.
Hepburn Act of 1906
gave the Interstate Commerce Commission more authority, allowed it to control freight rates of the RR & set the maximum rate they could charge
placed in charge of the Food Commission; was president when the dreat depression happened;
were small, pieced together shacks made out of tar paper, card board & any scrap material. Generally located on the outskirts of a city.
these areas & people do not fall under the protection of the US Constitution; most of territories
British economist that declared imperialism is "the most powerful factor in the currernt politics of the western world"
John J. Pershing
Black Jack; led buffalo soldiers in spanish american war and american expeditionary force in WW1
young, high school science teacher, taught the theory of evolution to his class. This went against the Tenn. Legislature that outlawed evolution in public schools
in Sarajevo, Bosnia, a Bosnian/Serbian nationalist assassinates the Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand - heir to the throne of the Austria-Hungarian Empire
Ku Klux Klan
Became the "Poster-child" of 100% Americanism
Sept. 26, 1918; largest US action of WWI. Over 1.2 million us troops fought
Govenor "Ma" of Texas outlawed textbooks upholding daarwinism
Henry Demarest Lloyd; because they stirred up trouble among the population
Only native born, white Protestants were considered true citizens
focused on social reform, social justice, taxes, worker's compensation, & labor regulation for women & children by Pres Wilson
Nicola Sacco & Bartolomeo Vanzetti
Italian born immigrants who were arrested & convicted of robbery & murder - May 5, 1920
Nov. 11, 1918
the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month, fighting stopped, the guns were silent with the signing of the armistice
Oct. 18, 1921
the US finally signing the Treaty of Versailles
Open Door Policy
Proposed mainly to keep China open to trade with all countries; Allow the Chinese authorities to collect tariffs on an equal basis
the US base of operations in Samoa
gave the US the right to interfere in Cuban affairs, restrict the new government & locate US naval bases on the island
Mexican Rebel that attacked US holdings, forts and trains to get the US involved in the Mexican Civil War
Presidential Election of 1912
Taft (Rep), Roosevelt (Bull Moose Party or Progressive), Debs (Socialist), Wilson (Dem) all ran; Wilson won because of Republican party split
Efficiency; Regulation of big business and monopolies
Pure Food & Drug Act
an earlier version of the Food & Drug Administration
Rear Admiral William Sims
took command of US ships in the Atlantic and arrived with the 1st groups of ships in Ireland. Began to train them in the evasion & escort tactics used by the merchant fleet.
Concentration camps in Cuba
Reconstruction Finance Corp.
set up by Congress in 1932. It was allocated $500 Million, with the authority to borrow another $2 Billion, for emergency loans to banks, life insurance co., farm mortgage agencies, RR, Building & Loan Co., to help them to keep from going bankrupt
Red Scare of 1919-1920
influenced by the Bolshevik Revolution; fear of the Lunatic Fringe; some of which were sending letter bombs in the mail
Revenue Act of 1916
Doubled income tax from 1 to 2% and surtax to 15% for over $2 million
Robert M. LaFollette
Govenor of Wisconson that established Legislative Reference Bureau to help in the drafting of legislation; supporter of efficiency, direct primary, stronger regulation and conservation of natural resources
stated that the US was justified on intervening first (with military action) in any area of the Western Hemisphere to forestall the actions of an outside government or power
Schenck vs. USA
the US Supreme Court upheld the conviction of a man handing out anti-draft leaflets
Scopes Monkey Trial
Dayton, Tenn. July 13, 1925 - the capstone case against the teaching of Evolution in public schools
Selective Service Act of 1917
all men aged 21 - 30 had to register for military service. It would later be changed to 18-45.
Sept. 6, 1901
McKinley was shot
US bought the territory of Alaska from the Russian Tsar for $7.2 million
Sherman Anti-Trust Act
was established to keep check on monopolies, but it never really worked. It had no real authority
a strain of influenza was brought back from Europe by the veterans. A particularly virulent form. It killed 5 times more Americans than the War
an establishment that illegally sells alcoholic beverages
that the US had no designs on taking the Cuban territory
a civilian ocean liner sailing from NY to Liverpool, England. The ship sank in less than 30 min., killing almost 1200 people - 128 were Americans
Feb. 15, 1898;exploded & sank in the harbor, killing 266 US sailors & marines
Speak softly and carry a big stick; lead rough riders; vice president of McKinley and took over after assisination
Treaty of Paris
Dec. 10, 1898; spanish and americans signed; gave philepines and most of Spain's colinies to US
Treaty of Portsmouth
Sept. 5, 1905; all concessions went to Japan, the Russians had to acknowledge that Japan was the "predominant political, military, & economic power in Korea", & both countries would have to leave Manchuria.
Treaty of Versailles
officially ended the WW1; the formation of the League of Nations was a main focus
Triangle Shirtwaist Co. Fire
In 1911 about 146 workers, mostly women, were killed. There were not enough exits, most of the doors & windows were barred (so they would not try to sneak out when they should be working), & no way to escape from the 10 story building (most were on the top 3 floors).
consisting of Germany, Austria-Hungary, & Italy to start with
England, Russia & France
defined "intoxicating" as all drinks having more than 0.5% alcohol
War Industries Board of 1917
became the most important mobilization agency. Very powerful, they could allocate raw materials, tell manufacturers what they would be allowed to make, build new plants for the war effort, and fix prices.
Warren G. Harding
President in 1920; term in office had ups and downs based on cabinet members
William H. Taft
Elected President in 1908, he was "hand-picked" by Roosevelt to be his successor & carry on his plans
William Jennings Bryan
Ran against roosevelt in 1908; Sec of state under Wilson; Prosecuted Scopes Evolution trial
Women's Peace Party
American pacifist organization formally established in January 1915 in response to World War I
Republican President; "New Nationalist" ideal; Led us in WW1
newspapers would sensationalize true events, in order to get public sympathy
telegraph was captured by the English, decoded and given to the US; German minister to Mexico was instructed to ask Mexico to attack the US if the US entered the war against Germany