What other names is often used when referring to the Enlightenment?
"the Age of Reason"
Sir Issac Newton's role in the Enlightenment?
to use their identification of natural laws for explanation purposes of the workings of the universe.
What changes did they encourage for social progress?
religious tolerance, education and prison changes
What long-standing political belief did Enlightenment thinkers question?
political belief that monarchs ruled by divine right.
important idea did John Locke write about in the Two Treatises of Government?
the idea that government should protect people's natural rights to life, liberty, and property.
Voltaire's role in the Enlightenment Era?
to apply his creative abilities to write plays, novels, and essays that attacked slavery, religious intolerance, and other social and political injustices.
important political idea did Montesquieu introduce?
the idea of "checks and balances"
How did Jean-Jacque Rousseau ideas differ from other Enlightenment philosophers?
Rousseau's logic was based on his instincts and emotions, rather than excessive reliance on reason.
What was the Main Idea behind Rousseau's Social Contract?
The government's foundation should be a contract that allows the people to be governed based upon their own rules just as long as they follow them according to reasonable, moral will.