Vocabulary Power Plus for the New SAT Book III

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315 terms

factious

causing disagreement

ignoble

dishonorable, shameful

boor

a rude or impolite person

aegis

a shield, protection

perspicacity

keenness of judgment

fervent

eager, earnest

rectify

to correct; to make right

enervate

to weaken

besiege

to overwhelm; to surround and attack

ephemeral

lasting only a brief time; short-lived

altruism

a concern for others; generosity

carrion

decaying flesh

erotic

pertaining to sexual love

amorphous

shapeless, formless, vague

opulent

rich, luxurious; wealthy

impotent

powerless; lacking strength

antithesis

an exact opposite; an opposite extreme

maelstrom

whirlpool; turbulence; agitated state of mind

emendation

a correction

chagrin

embarrassment; a complete loss of courage

bauble

a showy but useless thing

diaphanous

very sheer and light

labyrinth

a complicated network of winding passages; a maze

gloat

to look at or think about with great satisfaction

impediment

a barrier; obstruction

bestial

savage, brutal

effete

worn out; barren

shard

a fragment

bland

mild, tasteless, dull

nihilism

a total rejection of established laws

pedestrian

ordinary or dull

bona fide

in good faith

adventitious

accidental; nonessential

fecund

fertile, productive

deviate

to turn aside from a course; to stray

obfuscate

to confuse; to bewilder

impale

to pierce with a sharp stake through the body

extenuate

to lessen seriousness by providing partial excuses

parochial

local; narrow; limited

glower

to stare angrily

edify

to improve someone morally

ambiguous

open to more than one interpretation

cataclysm

a violent change

optimum

best; most favorable; ideal

importune

to ask persistently; to beg

celibate

abstaining from intercourse

fortuitous

lucky; by chance

recapitulate

to summarize; to repeat briefly

perfunctory

done without care; in a routine fashion

baroque

overly decorated

hedonism

pursuit of pleasure, especially of the senses

obloquy

strong disapproval; a bad reputation resulting from public criticism

debacle

a complete failure; a total collapse

quasi-

resembling; seeming; half

besmirch

to make dirty; to stain

imperative

extremely necessary; vitally important

sacrosanct

extremely holy

sadistic

deriving pleasure from inflicting pain on others

demeanor

behavior; manner of conducting oneself

facetious

comical; jocular; flippant

fop

an excessively fashion-conscious man

imprecation

a curse

non sequitur

something that does not logically follow

sanguine

cheerful; optimistic

bowdlerize

to remove offensive passages of a play, novel, etc.

impair

to weaken; to cause to become worse

panegyric

an expression of praise

quandary

a puzzling situation; a dilemma

ebullient

enthusiastic

deference

respect; consideration

carnal

relating to physical appetite, especially sexual

nebulous

hazy, vague, uncertain

rakish

carefree; dashing; jaunty

elegy

a sad or mournful poem

pedantic

tending to show off one's learning

antipathy

an intense dislike

elucidate

to make clear

imminent

likely to happen; threatening

banal

common, ordinary

obdurate

stubborn, hardhearted

peruse

to read carefully; scrutinize

bedlam

a noisy uproar; a scene of wild confusion

affluence

wealth; richness

scurrilous

coarsely abusive; vulgar

parody

a work which imitates another in a ridiculous manner

sedulous

hard working; diligent

onerous

burdensome; heavy; hard to endure

amoral

lacking a sense of right and wrong

eschew

to keep away from; to avoid; to shun

denouement

an outcome; result

adroit

skillful; clever

macroscopic

visible to the naked eye

fatuous

foolish; inane

bovine

pertaining to cows or cattle

ferret

to search or drive out

affectation

a phony attitude; pose

knell

a sound made by a bell rung slowly for a death or funeral

dichotomy

a division into two parts

callow

young and inexperienced

laconic

using few words; short; concise

quiddity

an essential quality

patent

evident or obvious

peccadillo

a minor offense, a misdeed

sagacious

wise; having keep perception and sound judgment

rationalize

to make an excuse for

deride

to ridicule; to mock

censure

to criticize sharply

gambol

to frolic; to romp about playfully

immolate

to kill someone as a sacrificial victim, usually by fire

recondite

difficult to understand; profound

martinet

a strict disciplinarian; taskmaster

quagmire

a swamp; a difficult or inextricable situation

gibe

to scoff, to ridicule

agape

open-mouthed, surprised, agog

carcinogen

causing cancer

olfactory

pertaining to smell

imperious

domineering; haughty

grotesque

absurd; distorted

neologism

a new word or expression

hackneyed

commonplace; overused

machination

an evil design or plan

pejorative

having a negative effect; insulting

harbinger

an omen or sign

nubile

suitable for marriage in age and physical development, referring to a female

sapient

wise; full of knowledge

chimerical

imaginary; fantastic

masochist

one who enjoys his or her own pain and suffering

finesse

diplomacy; tact; artful management

heterogeneous

different; dissimilar

eclectic

choosing from various sources

grandiose

impressive; showy; magnificent

raiment

clothing; garments

blanch

to whiten; to make pale

hybrid

anything of mixed origin

idiosyncrasy

a peculiar personality trait

idolatry

excessive or blind adoration; worship of an object

adulterate

to make impure, to contaminate

emanate

to come forth; to send forth

garish

tastelessly gaudy

immutable

unchangeable, fixed

diadem

a crown

bucolic

pertaining to the countryside; rural, rustic

redolent

having a pleasant odor; suggestive or evocative

impecunious

without money; penniless

sedition

rebellion or resistance against the government

defile

to pollute, to corrupt

gratuitous

unnecessary or uncalled for

onus

a burden, responsibility, obligation

impious

disrespectful towards God

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