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syndesmosis

A ligamentous connection, such as that between the bones of the lower leg, is called
a. gomphosis
b. symphysis
c. syndesmosis
d. synchondrosis
e. synostosis

adduction

A movement towards the midline of the body is called:
a. extension
b. abduction
c. adduction
d. flexion
e. inversion

diarthrosis

A synovial joint is an example of a(n):
a. syndesmosis
b. amphiarthrosis
c. synarthrosis
d. symphysis
e. diarthrosis

inversion

A twisting motion of the foot that turns the sole inward is called:
a. dorsiflexion
b. plantar flexion
c. eversion
d. protraction
e. inversion

a synarthrosis

An immovable joint is:
a. a synarthrosis
b. a diarthrosis
c. a sundesmosis
d. an amphiarthrosis
e. a symphysis

Around blood vessels

Bursae may be located in all but which of the following areas?
a. Around blood vessels
b. Around most synovial joints
c. Beneath the skin covering a bone
d. Tendon sheaths
e. Within connective tissue exposed to friction or pressure

flexion

Decreasing the angle between bones is called:
a. flexion.
b. extension.
c. adduction.
d. hyperextension.
e. abduction.

movement can occur in only one axis

In an monoaxial articulation:
a. movement can occur in only two axes.
b. no movement is possible.
c. movement can occur in all three axes.
d. only circumduction is possible.
e. movement can occur in only one axis.

a non-inflammatory type of arthritis, referred to as a degenerative joint disease or "wear-and-tear" arthritis

Osteoarthritis is considered:
a. a chronic inflammatory disorder with an insidious onset.
b. a non-inflammatory type of arthritis, referred to as degenerative joint disease or "wear-and-tear arthritis."
c. an inflammation of tendon sheath.
d. an inflammation of a bursa.

saddle

The joint at the base of the thumb is an example of a(n) _______ joint.
a. gliding
b. hinge
c. saddle
d. pivot
e. ellipsoidal

shoulder

The joint that permits the greatest range of mobility of any joint in the body is the ________ joint.
a. knee
b. elbow
c. wrist
d. hip
e. shoulder

cruciate

The ligaments that limit the anterior-posterior movement of the femur and maintain the alignment of the femoral and tibial condyles are the ______ ligaments.
a. cruciate
b. tibial collateral
c. fibular collateral
d. popliteal
e. patella

Increases osmotic pressure within joint

Which of the following is NOT a function of synovial fluid?
a. Shock absorption
b. Increases osmotic pressure within joint
c. Lubrication
d. Protects articular cartilages

synchondrosis

The epiphyseal growth plate is an example of a(n):
a. gomphosis.
b. amphiarthrosis.
c. symphysis.
d. synchondrosis.

Movement would damage the delicate blood vessels

Why are there no blood vessels inside the joint cavity of synovial joints?
a. Hyaluronic acid would react with blood.
b. Blood would pool and limit the movement of the joint.
c. Movement would damage the delicate blood vessels.
d. Blood would prevent production of articular cartilage.

Costosternal joint

Which of the following is not a synovial joint?
a. Costosternal joint
b. Talocrural joint
c. Glenohumeral joint
d. Acromioclavicular joint

Opposition

Which of the following is ONLY possible at the thumb?
a. Flexion
b. Adduction
c. Opposition
d. Extension

osseous

All of the following are structural classifications of joints, except:
a. synovial.
b. fibrous.
c. cartilaginous.
d. osseous.

The knee

Which of the following joints have a joint space?
a. The knee
b. The distal joint between the tibia and the fibula
c. Sutures between the skull bones
d. Gomphoses

synovial fluid

"Weeping lubrication" is caused by the _______________ in a synovial joint.
a. menisci
b. presence of reinforcing ligaments
c. synovial fluid
d. bursae

The presence of tendon sheaths and bursae

Which of the following factors would NOT provide stability to a synovial joint?
a. Ligaments binding the bones together
b. Well-fitting articular surfaces between the bones involved in the synovial joint
c. Good muscle tone in those muscles that cross the joint
d. The presence of tendon sheaths and bursae

6%

What percent of their length can ligaments be stretched and not snap?
a. 100%
b. 6%
c. 50%
d. 10%

Gliding of ribs on the articular facet of a vertebra

Which of the following movements is considered the simplest synovial joint movement?
a. Flexion of the elbow
b. Gliding of ribs on the articular facet of a vertebra
c. Rotation of the shoulder
d. Opposition of the fingers

A pitcher winding up to throw the ball

Which of the following movements is an example of circumduction movement?
a. Pointing the toes
b. Raising the arm laterally
c. A pitcher winding up to throw the ball
d. Lateral bending of the trunk away from the body midline

A lateral force to the extended knee

Which of the following forces to the knee would be the most dangerous?
a. A lateral force to the extended knee
b. A vertical blow
c. A twisting force to a hyperextended knee
d. A force which tears the menisci free

the tendon of the long head of the biceps brachii

The "superstabilizer" of the shoulder joint is the:
a. the tendon of the long head of the biceps brachii.
b. glenohumeral ligaments.
c. glenoid labrum.
d. the head of the humerus.

The deep socket that encloses the fermoral head

Which of the following factors contribute the most to the stability of the hip joint?
a. The ligamentum teres
b. The deep socket that encloses the femoral head
c. The strong ligaments, such as the iliofemoral ligament, that reinforce the capsule of the hip joint
d. The muscles that cross the hip

Ulnar trochlear notch

Which of the following provides the most stability to the elbow?
a. The articular capsule of the elbow
b. The articulation of the radius with the condyles on the humerus
c. The ulnar trochlear notch
d. The anular ligament

torn menisci

"Water on the knee" is caused by:
a. bursitis of the prepatellar bursa.
b. fracture of the patella.
c. dislocation of the knee.
d. torn menisci.

osteoarthritis

The release of the enzyme metalloproteinase is thought to contribute to the development of:
a. bursitis.
b. sprains.
c. gout.
d. osteoarthritis.

False

T or F: A twisting motion of the foot that turns the sole inward is called eversion.

True

T or F: Abduction and adduction always refer to movements of the appendicular skeleton.

True

T or F: Common athletic injuries involve the menisci.

False

T or F: Joints typically found at the end of long bones are amphiarthroses.

True

T or F: Only rotation is possible in pivot joints.

False

T or F: Standing on tiptoe is an example of a movement called dorsiflexion.

True

T or F: The knee is a freely movable synovial joint of the diarthrotic type.

True

T or F: The location where two bones meet is called an articulation.

False

T or F: The movement of a body part forward in a transverse plane is called retraction.

false

T or F: The movement of the body part upwards is called depression.

True

T or F: The only example of gomphosis is the articulation of a tooth with its bony alveolar socket.

True

T or F: The opposite movement of pronation is supination.

False

T or F: The pubic symphysis represents a synarthrotic articulation.

True

T or F: A suture is an example of a synarthrosis.

False

T or F: Bringing two bones closer together is an example of extension.

True

T or F: A common injury at the glenohumeral joint is a dislocation.

False

T or F: Cruciate ligaments are found in the shoulder joint.

False

T or F: The metacarpophalangeal joints are an example of hinge joints.

True

T or F: The temporomandibular joint is easy to dislocate.

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