Philosophical Terms

14 terms by jkmurphy7 

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EXISTENTIALISM

man is responsible for his own actions; existence is more
important than essence

EPICUREANISM

pleasure is highest good and pain is greatest evil

STOICISM

accepts status quo; indifference to pleasure or pain

POWER PHILOSOPHY

might makes right

DARWINISM

evolution caused by natural selection; survival of the fittest

NATURALISM
EMPIRICISM

all events can be explained by natural causes and scientific laws

EMPIRICISM

all knowledge comes from what can be perceived by the senses

SOCRATIC METHOD

method of teaching that uses discussion and questioning to reach a logical solution foreseen by the instructor

FREE WILL

doctrine that conduct of the individual is the result of personal choice, not divine forces or fate

ROMANTICS

characterized by idealism, emotion, passion; celebrates freedom of spirit and common man

ENLIGHTMENT

faith in human reason and skepticism for inherent truths

PREDETERMINATION / PREDESTINATION / FATALISM

belief that individual‟s actions are preordained by fate or divine guidance; no free will

HUMANISM

system in which human interests, values, dignity predominate

UTILITARIANISM

greatest good for greatest number

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