Names/ Formulas of Some Common Inorganic Cations and Anions

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aluminum

Al (3+)

ammonium

NH4 (+)

barium

Ba (2+)

cadmium

Cd (2+)

calcium

Ca (2+)

cesium

Cs (+)

chromium (III) or chromic

Cr (3+)

cobalt (II) or cobaltous

Co (2+)

copper (I) or cuprous

Cu (+)

copper (II) or cupric

Cu (2+)

hydrogen

H (+)

iron (II) or ferrous

Fe (2+)

iron (III) or ferric

Fe (3+)

lead (II) or plumbous

Pb (2+)

lithium

Li (+)

magnesium

Mg (2+)

manganese (II) or manganous

Mn (2+)

mercury (I) or mercurous

Hg2 (2+)

mercury (II) or mercuric

Hg (2+)

potassium

K (+)

rubidium

Rb (+)

silver

Ag (+)

sodium

Na (+)

strontium

Sr (2+)

tin (II) or stannous

Sn (2+)

zinc

Zn (2+)

bromide

Br (-)

carbonate

CO3 (2-)

chlorate

ClO3 (-)

chloride

Cl (-)

chromate

CrO4 (2-)

cyanide

CN (-)

dichromate

Cr2O7 (2-)

dihydrogen phosphate

H2PO4 (-)

fluoride

F (-)

hydride

H (-)

hydrogen carbonate or bicarbonate

HCO3 (-)

hydrogen phosphate

HPO4 (2-)

hydrogen sulfate or bisulfate

HSO4 (-)

hydroxide

OH (-)

iodide

I (-)

nitrate

NO3 (-)

nitride

N (3-)

nitrite

NO2 (-)

oxide

O (2-)

permanganate

MnO4 (-)

peroxide

O2 (2-)

phosphate

PO4 (3-)

sulfate

SO4 (2-)

sulfide

S (2-)

sulfite

SO3 (2-)

thiocyanate

SCN (-)

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