femur, tibia, patella
what are the bones of the knee?
medical collateral, lateral collateral, anterior and posterior cruciate
what are the ligaments of the knee?
medial and lateral meniscus, joint capsule and bursa, muscles
what are the structures in the knee other than bone and ligament?
0 or 5-10
what is the extension range of the knee?
what is the flexion range of the knee?
what is the bilateral rotation of the knee?
chronic or acute synovitis, suprapatella bursitis
when there is swelling of the whole knee joint with soft tissue that is fluctuant in nature, what are two common pathologies?
px presents with hard nature and immovable swelling at either end of the knee joint, likely diagnosis?
px. presents with swelling anterior to the patella, the nature is puffy and soft, diagnosis?
popliteal fossa cyst
px. presents with swelling on back of knee joint, diagnosis?
medial and lateral epicondyle of tibia and femur, meniscus, patella, tibial tuberosity, quads, hamstrin, MCL, LCL
what are the body landmarks of the knee joint for palpitation?
when pain is due to knee joint swelling or synovitis, what position of the knee will px. experience the pain??
pain caused by knee joint over __________ mostly indicates pathologic change of the surface of the knee joint.
pain on the anterior insertion of the MCL or LCL is tender point number 1 and is likely due to pathology of what structure?
pain on the posterior insertion of the LCL is tender point number 2 and involves which structure?
tender point 3 is mid-way of the knee, between the bones, indicating which structure is involved?
what does tender point 4 diagnose?
what does tender point 5 indicate?
hydrarthrosis or effusion
what does a positive the Ballotable patella test indicate?
lesion of anterior meniscus
if patient feels pain on the anterior knee when their knee joint is over extended, this indicates?
patella chondromalacia, retropatella arthritis
pain on inferior patella during compressing and grinding test indicates what?
clarke's sign positive indicates what?
half squat test positive indicates what?
lateral collateral ligament, medial meniscus
a positive knee joint adduction or valgus stress test indicates what either laterally or medially?
medical collateral ligament, lateral meniscus
a positive knee joint abduction or varus stress test indicates what either medially or laterally?
if there is a distal shift of the leg during the drawer test, then it is the __________, otherwise, just with pain, it is the _______________.
when there is a "pop" accompany with pain on medial or lateral aspect of the knee during the McMurray's test, it indicates what?
twist, pressure, traction
the three different levels of Apley's test involve what?
meniscus or collateral ligaments
when there is pain on the knee joint during just the twisting of Apley's test, this indicates injury of what?
when there is pain on the knee joint during the pressure and twisting of Apley's, this indicates injury of what?
when there is pain on the knee joint during traction and twisting of Apley's, this indicates injury of what?