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geology

The scientific study of the origin, history, and structure of the earth.

dispersal

The act or process of spread out or the condition of being disperse

culture

the way a group of people live

maize

tall annual cereal grass bearing kernels on large ears

culture area

an area where people share many features of the same culture

coniferous

trees that bear cone

democracy

Government by the people, exercised either directly or through elected representative

wampum

used among the Iroquoians both as money and as a record of treaties

Mohawk

a tribe in the Iroquois Confederacy

Nootka

An Aboriginal tribe on the west coast

potlach

a feast at which the host gave away many gifts

totem poles

built by west coast tribes to honor their family

Blackfoot

the strongest Aboriginal nation on the Plains

Buffalo

the most important source of food on the plains

HBC

Hudson Bay Company

travois

made of two crossed poles pulled behind a horse for carrying loads

Sun Dance

A dance where the Plains Indian sought a vision to guide them for the rest of their lives

Subarctic

a huge area of North America which spreads from Alaska in the west to the Maritimes in the East

canoe

They were used by the First Nations and later by the explorers and fur traders for travelling throughout Canada

squash

A field crop grown by the Huron First Nation

igloo

The Inuit word for snowhouse

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