NU ENT (1st yr)

40 terms by NUSOM 

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auditory ossicles

the small bones of the middle ear

auricle

the external part of the ear

cochlea

the snail-shell-shaped organ in the inner ear where sound is converted to nerve impulses and sent to the brain

decongestant

a drug that reduces swelling inside the nose for easier breathing

ear wax

the substance secreted by glands in the skin of the outer ear canal

earache

pain in the ear

earlobe

the lower part of the external ear

epiglottis

the flap of cartilage that covers the trachea while swallowing

Eustachian tube

the tube that connects the middle ear to the nasopharynx

external auditory canal

the narrow tube where sound enters the ear; also known as the ear canal

hearing impairment

loss of hearing

hoarseness

an abnormally deep and harsh voice

inner ear

the part of the ear which converts air vibrations and information about balance into nerve impulses; also known as the labyrinth

laryngitis

inflammation of the larynx

laryngoscopy

endoscopic procedure to look at the larynx

mandible

the bone that forms the lower jaw

middle ear

the part of the ear which adjusts the body to external air pressures, and transmits eardrum vibrations to the inner ear; also known as the tympanic cavity

nasal congestion

the condition when air flow is restricted in the nose; also known as stuffy nose, stuffed nose, or blocked nose

nasal septum

the wall running down the middle of the nose

nostril

one of a pair of openings in the nose

obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)

a disorder where there are small gaps in breathing during sleep

otitis media

inflammation of the middle ear

otoscope

an instrument to look inside the ear

outer ear

the part of the ear that collects vibrations in the air and makes the eardrum vibrate; also known as the external ear

palate

the roof of the mouth

parotid gland

one of a pair of salivary glands that is below and in front of the external ear

rhinoscopy

endoscopic procedure to look at the nasal passages

runny nose

the condition when fluid escapes from the nose

salivation

the production of saliva

semicircular canal

the three tubes in the ear concerned with balanced

sinusitis

inflammation of the sinus

sneezing

the sudden and reflex action where air escapes from the mouth and nose due to irritation of the mucous membranes in the upper respiratory tract

snoring

the loud noise made when people breathe in during sleep

sublingual gland

one of a pair of salivary glands that is below the tongue

tinnitus

noise in the ears such as ringing, buzzing, or roaring

tonsil

the lymphoid tissue in between the mouth and pharynx

tonsillectomy

removal of the tonsil/s

tracheostomy

making an opening in the trachea

tympanic membrane

it is the membrane in the ear canal between the outer and the middle ear; also known as the eardrum

vertigo

the feeling that you or your surroundings are spinning around

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