The branch of chemistry that specializes in the study of carbon compounds.
Organic molecules consisting only of carbon and hydrogen.
Compounds that have the same numbers of atoms of the same elements but different structures and hence different properties.
Isomers that differ in the covalent arrangements of their atoms.
Isomers that have the same covalent partnerships, but they differ in their spatial arrangements.
Molecules that are mirror images of each other.
The components of organic molecules that are most commonly involved in chemical reactions.
A functional group consisting of a hydrogen atom joined to an oxygen atom by a polar covalent bond. Molecules possessing this group are soluble in water and are called alcohols. -OH
A functional group present in aldehydes and ketones and consisting of a carbon atom double-bonded to an oxygen atom. >CO
A functional group present in organic acids and consisting of a single carbon atom double-bonded to an oxygen atom and also bonded to a hydroxyl group. -COOH
A functional group that consists of a nitrogen atom bonded to two hydrogen atoms; can act as a base in solution, accepting a hydrogen ion and acquiring a charge of +1. -NH2
A functional group that consists of a sulfur atom bonded to an atom of hydrogen. The compounds of the functional group are cald Thiols. -SH
a functional group consisting of a phosphorus atom covalently bonded to four oxygen atoms.
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
one of the principal chemical compounds that living things use to store energy