Communication that occurs within yourself, including your thoughts and emotions
-High Degree for potential intimacy.
-A means for which our society is constructed.
Small talk, Communication that treats people as objects, or that responds only to their roles, rather than to who they are as unique people.
Linear model of Communication
one-way view of communication that assumes a message is sent by a source to a receiver through a channel
Co-Linear model of Communication
Two-way communication, person A speaks person B listens and vise versa.
Transactional Model of Communication
represents communication as a process in which speakers and listeners work together to create mutual meanings
-Encoding your thoughts and feeling into a intended message.
Anita Taylor's Transactional Model
Source-Encoding an intended message
Receiver- Decoding an intended message
Receiver-Gives a response
Goals in relation to perception
-Process info while allowing other truths to exist.
-Check perceptions for validity
Relevant Observations about Human Beings
-Influenced by most obvious
-People cling to first impressions even if they are wrong.
-Observations are reflections of ourselves.
-People Favor negative over positive impressions.
-People blame differently for ourselves then others.
Richard's Triangle of Meaning
-Referent (thing we are talking about)
-Frame of reference
-Symbols (Represent the referent)
Between the symbol and the referent the difference is arbitrary.
Characteristics of language
-Arbitrary verbal symbol system
Rules for assigning meaning to symbols
-Observance of event
-Put experience in general context
Characteristics of Nonverbal Communi.cation
-Communicate non-verbal even without conscious thought.
-Non-verbal does not have the same general understood meaning as a symbol.
-Non-Verbal communicating is ambiguous.
-Any conflict between verbal & non-verbal most people believe non-verbal.
Functions of Nonverbal with verbal communication
-Control or Status
-Hide or Modify Verbal communication.
-Can contradict verbal communication
-Carries cultural messages
-Carries relationship messages.
Use and perceptions of social and personal space
-Intimate distance; Skin to 18inches
-Personal distance; 18 inches to 4 feet
-Social distance; 4 feet to 12 feet
-Public distance; 12 feet +
-Body motions or gestures]
Perceptions about yourself
Reasons we don't
-Vulnerable/Loss of self/Abandonment
Reasons we don't
-Too much info
-Assumptions before conversation starts.
-Talking has more control
-Eliminate non listening
-Monitor listening to include all aspect of communication
-Paraphrase ask for clarification
-Give detailed feedback
-Ask for clarification at appropriate times
-Explain interruptions verbally
-Use time/speech differential to refocus.
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
A method of classifying human needs and motivations into five categories in ascending order of importance: physiological, safety, social, esteem, and self-actualization
1. Physiological needs
3.Love and Belonging
5. Self actualization
6. Need to know
7.Aesthetic need to experience beauty