A substance that kills or inhibits bacterial growth
The absence of pathogenic microorganisms.
Agent that kills microorganisms but not their spores.
Prevalent on and in the body and do no harm; normal flora
Microogransims that cause infection and contagious disease
One-celled animals that can infect the blood, brain, intestines and other body areas
Extremely small infectious agent that can be seen with an electon miscroscope. The grow in living cells and cause many diseases such as the common cold.
What is the chain of infection?
Sequence of circumstances where all events must occur to develop an infection.
List the Chain of Infection.
1. Causative Agent (Infectious Agent)
3. Means of Escape
4. Mode of Transmission
5. Means of Entry
6. Susceptible Host
What is a reservoir?
A place where the pathogen grows.
What is a means of escape?
Exit route for pathogens to leave the body of its host.
What is mode of transmission?
Manner in which an infectious agent moves from one source to another.
What is means of entry?
Place where a pathogen enters the body.
what is a Susceptible Host?
Person who becomes ill after pathogens enter the body becuase they cannot fight off the pathogen.
Who should all personal report to if exposed to an infectious hazard?
Their immediate supervisor.
What is Asepsis?
The practice of making the environment and objects free of microorganisms or reducing the number of micoorganisms to protect against infection.
Clean technique aka hand washing, clean gloves and cleaning the enviroment
What is the single most effective means of preventing the spread of disease?
Where a sterile packs and packaged prepared?
Either commercially or in the Central Sterile Supply (CSS)
What is the only true indicaot for sterility?
List the 4 methods of sterilization.
1. moist heat
List the procedure for steilizing equipment
1. Rinse with cool water ro remove organic material
2. Soak in enzymatic solution
3. Rinse with moderately hot water
4. dry well
What is the water to bleach ratio for disinfection?
What must be done with all biohazardous waste?
It must be locke up, restricted or placed in a separate storage area.
Illness that is easily spread to others.
Spreading pathogens by touching contaminated objects.
The confinement of pathogens to a given area to preven their spread.
What should be done with every patient contact?
You should use standard precautions.
What is biohazardous waste?
Any soild or liquid that may present threat of infection.
What are the types of PPE?
Gowns, mask, eyewear, hair covering, show covering, gloves
When and how do you put on gloves?
You put on gloves last using the closed method.
What do you do first when removing a gown?
Untie the waist strings on the gown.
Prevents transmission of diease by direct contact and airborn routes.
What do you have to wear in a strict isolation setting?
Gowns, gloves and mask
Prevents transmission of contagious disease that are spread by airborne droplets.
What do you have to wear in a respiratory isloation setting?
Prevents transmission of contagious disease that are spread through direct or indirect contact with infected feces.
Prevents transmission of highly contagious orgnaisms that are spread through direct or indirect contact.
Prevnets transmission of organisms by contact with infected wounds, body secretions and heavly contaminated articles.
What can isolation do to patients and their significant others?
It can have a psychological impact on them.
What should you NOT do with an isolation room?
How can you help a patient being placed in isolation?
Show acceptance by letting them express their feelings.
What should be stationed outside an isolation room?
A cart stocked with gowns, gloves, masks and disposable bags.
Why should you notify food service that a patient is in isolation?
So if need be food can be sent in disposable containers.