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BMTcp beginning

Three-point gait

Both crutches and the injured leg are advanced followed by the uninjured leg, which isbrought to the crutches. The patient must take small steps and keep the head up to maintain balance

Swing-through gait

Both crutches are advanced then the legs swing past the crutches. Crutches are brought forward past the feet and the gait is repeated. Useful for patients with good balance

Sim's position

A side-lying position that has the patient on either side with the top leg flexed up toward the abdomen.

Two-point gait

The crutch and opposite leg area dvanced together. the second crutch and opposite leg are advanced next

Lithotomy

A position where the patient is lying supine with the knees and hips flexed

105 degrees

What temperature can must the water temperature be no greater than

Contracture

permenantly flexed joint that occurs with shortened muscle tissue

Draw-Sheet Method

a method of transferring a patient from a bed to a stretcher by grasping and pulling the loosened bottoms sheet of the bed

Orthostatic hypotension

blood pressure decreases rabidly in relation to position changes from lying to sitting to standing.

30seconds time 2. Count to 60 when its abnmormal.
look for rate, rhythm, depth, sound

Respiration assessment includes?

1 1/2" in adults 1" in infact

How far do you insert rectal thermometer

Diarrhea..... perineal/ rectal surgery

Contraindications for a rectal temperature include..?

Children under 6, mouth breathers, oral or nasal surgery, unconscious

Contraindications for Oral thermometer include...?

Apnea

Absence of breathing

Dyspnea

labored or difficult breathing

Tachycardia

heartbeat above 100bpm

bradycardia

slow heartbeat below 60 bpm

Febrile

with fever

afebrile

without fever

immunodeficiency diet

high caloric intake, increase protein, add seasonings, add thickening agents to liquid, small frequent meals.

Jaundice

Yellowish color to the skin and eyes

Paraplegia

paralysis characteried by motor or sensory loss in the lower limbs and trunk

quadriplegia

paralysis of the arms legs and trunks of the body below the level of an associated injury to the spinal cord

hemiplegia

paralysis of one side of the body

presbycusis

Inability to hear high frequency sounds.
CAUSES:: 1) genetic factos, 2)prenatal abnormalitities, 3)trauma, 4) diseases

meninere's disease

chronic disease of the inner ear

Dementia

usually a progressive condition marked by deteriorated congnitive functioning often accompanied by emotional apathy

Swing-to gait

Same as the swing-through gait except the legs are brought to the crutches only. Useful for patients withpoor balance and for wet or slippery surfaces

Otits media

infection of the middle ear

Tinnitus

ringing in the ears

macular degeneration

a gradual loss of acute, central, and color vision in the elderly

glaucoma

accumulation of fluid inside the eye that exerts pressure on the optic nerve, eventually causing blindness

presbyopia

an age related decreased ability to focus on near objects

delirium

an acute mental disturbance characterized by confused thinking and disrupted attention usually accompanied by disordered speech and hallucinations

make sure elbow is 30 degree; top pads must be 1.5"- 2" below axilla; bottom of crutch is 4-6" to the side of foot and 4-6" to the front

How do you properly fit crutches?

elbow must be flexed 15-30 degress; can my be level with hip; bottom of cane must be 6" infront of the foot and 6-10" to the side of food

How do you properly fit a cane?

Four-point gait

One crutch is advanced followed by the opposite leg, second crutch is advanced followed by the second leg. Steps must be kept small until a rhythem is established.

just below waist; elbows ins 15-30 degres; must be infront of patient

How do you fit a walker?

Stethoscope

Transmits scound from patient's body to examiner's ear

cataracts

clouding of the lens

Glaucoma

Accumulation of fluid inside the eye that exerts pressure on the optic nerve, eventually causing blindness

Vertigo

Dizziness

jaundice, fever, limp body, eating poorly, hard/watery stools, redness around cord stump.

What are the signs and symptoms of illness in infants....?

1400-1800

How many calories does a chil need per day??

TYPE 1 diabetes

Insulin dependent, most common in children and young adults, sudden onset, pancreas does not produce insulin, requires daily insulin injections

TYPE 2 diabetes

non-insulin dependent, usually develops after age 30, hereditary, pancreas secrets some insulin but not enough, can be treated with diet and exercise, patients may be overweight.

gestational diabetes

develops during pregnancy, usually goes away after baby is born

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