essays that tell anecdotes with a larger theme that affects us all
personal essays with a plot
an overt explanation of a particular subject
essays with an easily recognized persuasive purpose
essays that attempt to alter the course of history by persuading people to take action
essays that attempt to change minds and attitudes
study of the technique and rules for using language effectively (especially in public speaking)
arguments that use logic to change something
deductive logical arguments
present general principles from which they draw a conclusion; "men are tall, bob is a man, therefore bob is tall"
inductive logical arguments
offer many examples and from these abstract a conclusion of general application; "kobe is tall, shaq is tall, therefore all men are tall"
statement that applies to all things within a particular category; "men"
asserts something about a particular case; "bob is a man"
follows the premises logically; "bob is tall"
if the conclusion follows logically from the premises then the argument is valid
do you agree with all the premises?
an error in premise
breaking down an argument into parts
truth and validity
a rhetorical practice that leaves a premise out
sufficiently large sample
large group of people
many different people or groups
writer's self presentation or moral standing
tools like dress and posture that help us persuade
the emotional state of the audience
arguments that elicit emotions
powerful emotion that tempts us to suspend judgment and complements logic
asks us to substitute emotion for logic
a single case rendered in emotionally charged language