MA Certification Test

150 terms by jassminebamugo 

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When focusing the microsope, one should begin with which objective?

10x

The lense of a microscope should be clean with what to prevent scratching?

Lens paper

when usng a microscope with a 10x ocular and the 40x objective in place, the total magnification is what?

400x

The term "macroscopic" refers to?

The visual examination of an object with the naked eye

when performing a microscopic urinalysis, red and white blood cells are reported per what?

HPF: High Power Filter

The most common bacteriology stain is what?

Gram stain

Microscopically, an organisim determined to be staphylococcus appears how?

round and grouped in clusters

what bacteria appears in grape like clusters?

staphylococci

Rod shaped bacteria is

bacilli

Gram staining is done to determine

whether the bacteria is gram positive or gram negative

which of the following would be the most suitable for urine specimen?

clean catch

the term post prandial refers to

following a meal

upon microscopic examination of urine, a urinary tract infection would be indicated by the presence of numerous

white blood cells

when performing a routine phlebotomy, the most common gauge needle is

20 or 21

when performing a finger puncture, the first drop of blood should be what?

wiped away

when collecting specimens for a blood cell count, you would use a tube that contains what?

an anticoagulant

when performing a differential blood cell count a basophil will be recognized by what?

large blue to purple staining granules

the white blood cells most often seen when performing a differential is

segmented neutrophil

under the skin is a term meaning

hypodermic

which is the following needles has the widest lumen?

19 gauge

the nerve to be concerned with when giving an injection into the buttocks is

sciatic nerve

an injection into the tissue between the skin and the muscles is called

subcutaneous

intradermal injections are usually given for what?

allergy testing

inside the cells is refered to as

intracellular

one who studies cells is refered to as

cytologist

a histologist is

one who studies microscopic tissue

the largest white blood cells are the

monocytes

the universal donor is what blood type?

blood type: O

If a label on a multi-dose vial of medication reads 80mg per cc and u were to prepare a 20mg injection, you would draw up

0.25cc

large amounts of injectable medication, at least 2ML, or more are given

intramuscularly

A medical assistant may give an injection when?

only on the orders of a physician

a term meaning into a vein is called

intravenous

An injection given at a 45 degree angle is an

subcutaneous

A z-tract injection is an ________ injections given in the gluteal muscle of the buttocks

intramuscular

hypertension is also referred to as

high blood pressure

a patient in the prone position is

lying face down

lying on the stomach is referred to as

prone position

alligator forcepts are used to

remove a foreign bodies from the ear

the branch of medicine which used radionuclides in the diagnosis and treatment of disease is

nuclear

the type of physician that would diagnos and treat disease and malfunctions of the glands of internal secreation is a

endocrinologist

Needles are inserted into selected skeletal muscles. When the patient contracts the muscles, the nerve impluses are recorded and the conduction time is measured to detect neuro-muscular disorders or nerve damage. what diagnostic test does this describe?

electromyography

the outer most cellular layer of skin is called what?

epidermis

Tiny microsopic projections in the wall of the small intestine, which absorb nurtients into the blood stream, are called what?

villi, villus

An enlargement of the thyroid gland is called a/an

Goiter

Which wave form would not be seen in a normal EKG?

V-wave

ultrasound is commonly given with what?

Electrical stimulation

Medcosonlator is indicated for

Torticollis

Ultrasounds should not be used for what?

tumors

A technique that employs high frequency, inaudible sound waves which bounce off body tissue and are then recorded, is called what?

Echogram or sonogram

On a normal EKG tracing, the first wave to show a downward deflection is what?

Q-wave

For recording "V 1", the chest electrodes is places where?

fourth intercostal space, right sternal margin

The purpose of applying paste or jelly when running and EKG is to reduce what?

skin resistance

The most common method of marking the EKG is what?

With dots and dashes in a predetermined pattern

The proper marking for V3 is how?

1 dash and 3 dots

The air sacs in the lungs in which the exchange of gases take place is called what?

Alveoli

The serous membrane which lines the abdomial wall is call what?

peritoneum

A substance provided by the stomach, necessary for digestion of food, is call what?

Hydrochloric Acid

The mechanical process of removing waste products from the blood normally removed by the kidneys is called?

Dialysis

The group of glands that secrete substances directly into the blood stream are called what?

Endocrine Gland

The "master gland" of the human body is called what?

pituitary gland

An electrocardiograph is what?

A device to monitor electrical heart activity

The S.A. Node is also called what?

a pace maker

Sensors used for lead 3 are located where?

left arm and left leg

The bat-shaped bone that extends behind the eyes and forms part of the based of the skill is called what?

The sphenoid bone

facial bones that compse the massive upper jaw bones are called what?

maxillary bones

Facial bones that compose the lower jaw is referred to as what?

mandibular bones

The collar bone, a slender bone, one on each side connecting the breast bone to each shoulder is called what?

clavical

A bone that is partically bent and broken is referred to as what?

greenstick fracture

When you are asked to take a cervical x-ray, you would take a film of what?

The neck region

Doses of radiation are measured in what?

rods, rems, or roentgens

The small sac attached to the underside of the liver and stores bile is called what?

gallbladder

Insulin is secreted directly into the bloodstream by what organ?

Pancreas

A mild hypnotic drug that is relaxing but does not necessarily produce sleep is called what?

sedative

An agent which excites and promotes functional activity is called what?

stimulant

A medication used to relieve pain is called what?

an analgestic

A substance to stop vomiting/nausea is what?

Antiemetic

Under the Controlled Substance Act, those drugs having the higest potential for abuse such as cocaine, heroin, and marijuana, are under what schedule drug?

Schedule 1

Under the Controlled Substance Act, how man schedules are there?

5 Schedules

Under the Controlled substance Act, over the counter drugs would be under which schedule?

Schedule 5

A patient in the supine position is

lying flat on there back

in the anatomical position, the patient stants how?

Erect with palms turned anterior

The lithotomy position is used when a patient is having what type of examination?

A vaginal examination

A chronic disease

may have a slow onset and last for months and year

Another name for myocardial infarction is what?

heart attack

During galvanic electrical stimulation the patient must be

attended at all time

Excessive tissue formation is referred to as

hyperplasia

Drug used to prevent the clotting of blood are called what?

anticoagulants

Drug agents that neutralize the hydrochloric acid in the stomach are called what?

anticids

A chemical substance that kills living microorganism are what?

antibiotic

An agent which affects blood pressure by increasing the flow of urine and this reducing the volume of fluid in the body is called?

Diuretic

An agent given to counteract an unwanted effect of a drug is called what?

antidote

the urinary system is composed of what?

kidney, ureters, bladder, and urethra

The approximate number of muscles in the human body is

600

An inflamed condition of the tendon and tendon-muscles is called

tendonitis

The most important muscles to aid in breathing is called what?

Diaphragm

The main upper chest muscle is called what?

pectoralis major

The muscles walls of the heart are called what?

myocardium

This bone form the forehead and bony sockets which contain the eye is called what?

frontal

Pyelolithotomy refers to

incision into the renal pelvis for remocal of calculi

Infections is referred to as

sepsis

Liver enlargment is referred to as

hepatomegaly

An abnormal increase in red cells is called what?

Erythrocytosis

Condition in which the heart is unable to pump adequate amounts of blood to the tissues and orans is

cardiac failure

The voice box is called what?q

larynx

physiology is the study of

the function of living organisms

Inflammation of the joint and bone if reffered to as

osteoarthritis

active immunity will be produced when

antigens or microorganisms are injected into the patient

The doctors office is most concerned with what?

civil and criminal law

A prefix is the

beginning of a word

If two combining forms are present then

the least important comes first

A physician's liability for breach of contract is based on what

failure to perform an agreed upon under taking

The term "self" refers to

auto

Prognosis refers to

the prediction of the out come

Resection refers to

the cutting of/ the removal of a portion of

Excision refers to

the act of removing

hysteropathy refers to

any uterine disorder

The most common place to take a pulse is where?

at the carotid artery

A patient with a rapid pulse has

tachycardia

The best respiratory rate can be taken by

watching the patients chest rise and fall while appering to take the pulse

If a carotid pulse was taken, it would be taken at the

neck

Hot packs are a form of physical therapy that provides

superficial heat and moist heat

Palpatation is done by

feeling by touch with the hand

Auscultation is done by using a

stethoscope

A hemostatic forcep are used to

clamp off small vessels and bleeders

The first sound heard when taking the blood pressure is called what

systolic pressure

When applying a cast, the plaster is applied where?

over the stockinette

Bradycardia refers to

slow heart beat

High blood pressure refers to

hypertention

An instrument to view the eye is an

ophthalmoscope

During an eye examination using the snellen's eye chart, the patient should

keep both eyes open but cover one of them

Hemostats are a type of

forceps

Normal oral temperature is 98.6F. The equivalent celsius temperature is

37C

Iron containing pigment is referred to as

hemoglobin

Afferent refers to

conducting towards

Atriomegaly refers to

enlargement of the atrium of the heart

When autoclaving instruments the timing period begin when

Aqequate pressure had built up and when the proper temperature has been reached

The instrument used to set up a sterile field is the

Transfer forceps

A diagnostic technique which detects regions of heat and cold on the body is called

thermography

Roentgenographic inspection of the spinal cord by use of a radiopaque medium injected into the intrathecal space is called

myelography

The application of water in the treatment of disease is referred to as

hydrotherapy

The word part which means "neck" is

cervix

The word part "peri" means

around

The word part "dys" means

painful

The word part "itis" means

Inflammation

The word part "megalo" means

large

The suffix centesis refers to

punctured

The suffix which means incision or to cut into is

-otomy

The word part "nephro" means

kidney

The word part that means hard is

scirrho

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