Florida BRT: Law Enforcement (Patrol 1)

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_____ is an agency-wide philosophy promoting community parterships to address the causes of a crime and other community issues. (IN018.A.1)

Community policing

What are the two core components of Community Oriented Policing? (IN018.1.B)

-Community partnerships
-Problem solving

_____ increase understanding and trust between law enforcement agencies and community members. (IN018.1.B)

Community partnerships

Law enforcement agencies can practice the problem-solving component of COP by using the _____. (IN018)

SARA Model

The key elements of problem solving in the SARA Model include... (IN018.1.B.3)

-Scanning
-Analysis
-Response
-Assessment

_____ takes a broad, intensive view of a particular area or series of events to accurately describe community problems. (IN018.1.B.3)

Scanning

The _____ phase helps determine the cause of the problem by collecting information from various sources. (IN018.1.B.3)

Analysis

The _____ phase allows officers the opportunity to respond to the problem by working with citizens, businesses, and public agencies. (IN018.1.B.3)

Response

In problem solving, if the _____ process indicates the soution failed, the cycle continues until the problem is adequately resolved. (IN018.1.B.3)

Assesment

In problem solving, SECURE stands for... (IN019.1)

-Safety
-Ethics
-Community
-Understanding
-Response
-Evaluation

A developmental tool that enhances problem-solving capabilities (IN019.1)

SECURE

Whether responding to a crime in progress or making a public service call, an officer can review the _____ model to ensure a safe, ethical, and effective response. (IN019.2.B)

SECURE

In problem solving, officer _____ is the leading concern. (IN019.1.A)

Safety

In problem solving, an officer must always consider _____ and use these powers within the limits of the law. (IN019.1.A)

Ethics

In problem solving, _____ stands for the idea that officers serve the public. (IN019.1.A)

Community

In problem solving, to understand a situation, an officer must determine... (IN019.1.A)

...the who, what, when, where, how, and why of the situation.

In problem solving, _____ depends on the level of understanding and the options available. (IN019.1.A)

Response

In problem solving, an officer must _____ his or her actions to determine if the problem has been dealt with successfully. (IN019.1.A)

Evaluate

To remain safe, officers have an array of safety equipment including... (IN014.3.A)

-Primary weapons
-Secondary weapons
-Flashlights
-Handcuffs
-Subject control spray

Safety equipment on vehicles may include... (IN014.3.A)

-Spotlights
-Takedown lights
-A public address system
-Emergency lights
-Sirens

What are some factors that may lead to officers' deaths? (IN014.1.A)

-Dirty, faulty, or improperly maintained equipment
-Failure to continuously train and maintain proficiency with equipment

_____ is accurately noting what is presented to the five senses by keeping in view, noticing, or giving attention to persons, things, or circumstances. (IN020.2.A.1)

Observation

_____ are the first line of defense and are developed and improved through practice such as memorizing car descriptions and observing pedestrians and environmental details. (IN020.2.A)

Good observation skills

_____ is organizing and attaching meaning to sensations so that they can be interpreted. (IN020.2.D.1)

Perception

_____ is the core of observation. (IN020.2.D.1)

Perception

Perception is affected by various factors such as the observer's... (IN020.2.D)

-Sex
-Race
-Environmental conditions
-Past experience
-Education
-Maturity
-Bias
-Mental & Physical condition
-His/her position or location

Identify factors affecting an officer's sight. (IN020.2.C.1)

-Visual defects like nearsightedness (myopia) and farsightedness (hyperopia)
-Lighting from sources like streetlights or fluorescent lamps
-Darkness

Identify factors affecting an officer's hearing. (IN020.2.C.3)

-Traffic or noise from residences
-Peripheral noises

Identify factors affecting an officer's sense of smell. (IN020.2.C.4)

-Health or weather conditions
-Odors in an outside environment
-Substances with strong odors like ether or gasoline
-Hazardous materials like chlorine gas or ammonia

Identify factors affecting an officer's sense of touch. (IN020.2.C.6)

-Used for searches or pat downs
-Verifies presence of heat

Officers should never use _____ to identify any unknown substance. (IN020.2.C.8)

Taste

In officer survival, true readiness involves... (IN014.2.A)

-Practical preparedness
-Firearm proficiency
-First aid skills

Under the stress of a physical attack, an officer will instinctively... (IN014.2.A)

revert back to his or her training.

_____ protects officers from rounds being fired. (IN014.4.H.1)

Cover

_____ is an object or environment that provides camoflauge for an officer but will not stop bullets (IN014.4.H.2)

Concealment

_____, or the narrowing of the attention field due to stress should be avoided (IN014.4)

Tunnel vision

Officer safety procedures include: (IN014.4)

-Be alert for indicators of danger & analyze the scene
-Avoid Tunnel vision
-Observe surroundings & never make reckless decisons
-Identify yourself as a police officer & give direct commands
-Assess how many people are t the scene, hand positioning, scan for hazards like weapons
-Do not rush to an injured suspect or put your weapon away. Suspect may still be a threat.
-Disarm suspect before leaving cover. Ask them to turn away, drop & step away from weapon.
-If in the patrol vehicle and under fire, drive away, roll up windows, & turn off ac.

_____ is a physical or emotional reaction to an event or situation. (IN015.1.A.2)

Stress

The normal reaction when facing a threat is the _____, which is the body's preparation to either fight or flee a dangerous situation. (IN015.1.A.1)

Fight or flight response

What are the four general levels of stress? (IN015.1)

-Acute stress
-Chronic stress
-Accumulative stress
-Delayed stress

_____ is short-lived and similar to what people experience before taking a test or giving a speech. (IN015.1)

Acute stress

_____ continues a long time, such as stress felt during a difficult two-year training program. (IN015.1)

Chronic stress

_____ results from a variety of sources over time. For example, an individual has domestic, financial, and career problems, which are all stressors that may build on one another. (IN015.1)

Accumulative stress

_____ lies buried for a period of time and then resurfaces. (IN015.1)

Delayed stress

_____ are factors that may cause stress. (IN015.1.B.1)

Stressors

What are the four categories of stressors? (IN015.1.B.1)

-Environmental
-Personal
-Self-induced
-Work-related

_____ stressors involve elments of an officer's surroundings, such as weather or high noise levels. (IN015.1.B.1)

Environmental

_____ stressors depend on an individual's likes or dislikes, such as trauma related to injury or death or financial or family difficulties. (IN015.1.B.1)

Personal

_____ stressors affect an individual's perception of situations and events, including personal attitudes toward work, perceptions of others, and work-related goals. (IN015.1.B.1)

Self-induced

_____ stressors are elements of an officer's job that cause physical or emotional distress. (IN015.1.B.1)

Work-related

_____ stress responses include temporary in anxiety, tension, and irritability. (IN015.1.E)

Short-term

_____ stress responses related to personality may include psychosis, chronic depression, or suicidal thoughts. (IN015.1.E)

Long-term

Identify the most common warning signs of stress in an officer. (IN015.1.F)

-Sudden behavior changes
-Erratic work habits
-Excessive accidents or injuries
-Fatigue
-Sleeping & eating disorders
-Excessive worry
-Alcohol or drug use
-Complaints from peers/citizens about negative interactions

Identify techniques for reducing stress. (IN015.3)

-Exercise
-Healthy lifestyle (proper eating & sleeping)
-Extended vacations

What are the two types of patrol? (LE022.5.A.1)

-Reactive
-Proactive

_____ patrol is taking a responsive or after-the-fact role in dealing with a crime. (LE022.5.A.1)

Reactive

_____ patrol discourages criminal activity through high visibility. (LE022.5.A.1)

Proactive

_____ is a brief meeting attended before a shift that gives an officer information about current issues to keep in mind while on patrol.

Roll call

Officers should record all roll call information that may affect their shift, including _____ as it may be useful when patrolling an assigned area. (LE488.3.A)

-Addresses that require extra patrol
-Wanted/missing persons
-Stolen vehicles/tags
-Suspicious incidents
-Officer safety bulletins
-Safety concerns

Because officers rely on duty equipment for safety, they must routinely ensure each piece of equipment is... (LE038a.1)

-In working order
-Fully equipped
-Safely stored

BOLO stands for...

Be On the Look Out

A _____ contains detailed information relating to situations.

BOLO

Identify how to become familiar with patrol areas. LE022.6.C)

-Learn major roads, landmarks, crime hazards, community habits, emergency medical treatment, and mental health facilities
-Identify groups such as neighborhood watch, business owners, mail carriers, utility and sanitation workers, and anyone who walks or drives through neighborhood
-Be aware of community resources

Advantages of foot patrol are... (LE022.8.C)

-High visibility
-Greater accessibility to the community.
-The ability to closely investigate community concerns and observe activity in specific areas.

At night, officers should _____, which allows them to inspect interiors while concealed in shadows. (LE022.8.C)

Keep close to buildings

A _____ is anything that poses a threat to people who encounter it. (IN020.1)

Safety hazard

When recieving a call, once dispatch has notified an officer, he or she should respond by giving... (LE022.10)

-Identification
-Current location
-Confirmation of response

Prior to arriving at the scene, officers should turn thier radio volume _____ and notifiy dispatch of their arrival by radio, cell phone, or computer to aviod access noise.

Down

The primary officer on the call is the _____. (LE100.4.F.2)

Contact officer

The _____ officer is responsible for directing the approach and handling all communications with the suspect, including commands and interviews. (LE100.4.F.2)

Contact

The backup officer is the _____, who is strictly responsible for officer safety concerns at the scene.

Cover

What is the charging document. (LE101.3)

Arrest affidavit

A _____ is the area surrounding an incident that may be cordoned off to prevent unauthorized personnel from leaving or entering. (LE089.a.2.A)

Perimeter

An _____ is a vehicle without a driver or person in charge of the vehicle.

Abandoned vehicle

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