What are the categories of cognitive psychology?
Memory, learning, perception, decision making, attention, and imagery
What are some of the subfields of cognitive science?
Computer science, cognitive psychology, parts of philosophy, linguistics, neuroscience, and parts of anthropology
What are the three components that interconnect with one another?
Thinking, the brain, and computers
What was the problem with early psychologists?
They didn't know what was going on in someone else's head, the idea of introspection
What was the first influence Descartes had?
He treated humans as thinking entities. If it is human than it's conscious, if it's conscious than it's human
What was the second influence Descartes had?
The body is a machine. The body is very complex, and if treated like a machine it will make progress
What's the software of the machine (Body) in modern cognitive psychology?
The mind is considered the software of the machine
Artificial intelligence (AI)
a subdiscipline of computer science that attempts to simulate human thinking
bypasses normal paths to brain and goes to the spinal cord where a decision is immediately made and a signal goes to the motor neuron to cause a quick reaction
(philosophy) the philosophical theory that matter is the only reality. Only body is real
What's the main thing to question materialism?
Dreams, we create a world that is completely made up and false but seems real
(philosophy) the philosophical theory that some ideas are innate and not derived from the senses. It's capacities are determined too
What was the conclusion from the talkative article?
There wasn't significant data to support the null hypothesis that women talk more than men
Where does the authors name who's lab the experiment took place in appear
Usually the last in the list of authors
Because the standard deviation is so large for this experiment it means?
That the experiment isn't very precise
What was Descartes fifth influence?
Animals just have bodies thye dont have a mind, so they are just machines
What was the implication of animals just being machines?
You couldn't study them to study mental processes to relate them to humans
William Woundt combined what to found what?
Combined philosophy and physiology to found modern psychology
Why was psychology broadened by American functionalism?
Because of social Darwinism (Hierarchy), and also how to make money on psychology
According to James a persons consciousness will lead to what?
It guides a person to adapt and survive (Darwinism)
How was James idea of consciousness different than Woundtian?
Woundt is very narrow, James is interested in the flow of consciousness
What does stream of consciousness refer to?
Continuous flow of thoughts and perceptions that make up consciousness
What were the three modern topics James antipicitated?
Flashbulb memory, tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon, and neural networks
What's the difference between behavior and the mind?
You can study behavior scientifically but you can't study the mind
What is the second problem with introspection?
Introspection relies on memory, and memory can be faulty
What is the fourth problem with introspection?
You can't use with infants, animals, and some people with mental problems
What is the sixth problem with introspection?
Sometimes you could not replicate results with same subjects
What were some of the difficult topics to study using behaviorism?
Attention, consciousness, and imagery
What were psychologists jobs during WWII?
Find out why well- trained soldiers were making mistakes with instruments
Sir Francis Galton did work on what for the development of cognitive psychology?
He worked on mental imagery and thinking. Fingerprinting, composite photpgraphy, and word association tests.
How did Alfred Binet influence the development of cognitive psychology?
He developed intelligence test, which showed that thinking can be measured
Fredric Bartlett did work on what?
Worked on memory using the native American stories and would ask people to tell them back to him after a certain amount of time
Piaget's main contribution to cognitive psychology was?
His theory of cognitive development. You can develop a theory of mind
George Miller information theory was?
"The magical number seven plus or minus two: some limits on our capacity for processing information" 1956