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7 hormones released by anterior pituitary (PALMFGT)

prolactin, adrenocorticotropic, luteinizing, melanocyte-stimulating, growth, follicle-stimulating, thyroid-stimulating

2 hormones stored by posterior pituitary

antidiuretic/vasopressin, oxytocin

4 hormones produced by hypothalamus (go-gro-thyro-co)

gonadotropin-releasing, growth-hormone-releasing, thyrotropin-releasing, corticotropin-releasing

chemical structure of melatonin

amine

3 hormones produced by thyroid gland

thyroxine (t4), triiodothyronine (t3), calcitonin

action of parathyroid hormone (PTH)

raises Ca levels

2 parts of adrenal gland

cortex, medulla

3 hormones produced by adrenal cortex

glucocorticoids, mineralcorticoids, androgens

2 hormones produced by adrenal medulla

adrenaline (epinephrine), noradrenaline (norepinephrine)

hormones produced by testes

androgens

3 hormones produced by pancreas

insulin, glucagon, somatostatin

stimulates estrogen-release or sperm production (ant. pituitary)

follicle-stimulating

regulates menstrual cycle or testosterone production (ant pituitary)

luteinizing

stimulate adrenal cortex to produce glucocorticoids (ant. pituitary)

adrenocorticotropic

stimulates kidneys to preserve H2O (post. pituitary)

antidiuretic/vasopressin

stimulates uterine contractions (post. pituitary)

oxytocin

promotes sleep, biological clock, circadian rhythms (pineal gland)

melatonin

increases basal metabolic rate, synthesis or proteins (thyroid) (2)

thyroxine, triiodothyronine

stimulates deposit of Ca in bones, lowers blood Ca levels (thyroid)

calcitonin

stimulates bone resorption & kidney retention of Ca, raises blood Ca levels (parathyroid)

parathyroid (PTH)

raise blood glucose levels, depress immune response (adrenal cortex)

glucocorticoids

promotes resorption of salts, maintenance of blood pressure (adrenal cortex)

mineralocorticoids

sex hormones (adrenal cortex)

androgens/estrogens

rise in blood sugars, increase metabolic rate, blood shunted towards skeletal muscles (adrenal medulla) (2)

adrenaline, noradrenaline

male secondary sex trait development (testes)

androgens

lower blood sugar, stimulate conversion of glucose into glycogen (glycongenesis) (pancreas)

insulin

stimulates conversion of glycogen into glucose (pancreas)

glycagon

inhibits production of insulin and glucagon

somatostatin

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