What is the simplest methhod to assess fluid balance it to ?
compare the amount of fluid taken in with fluid eliminated by the body.
what ate the 6 possible reasons for fluid loss?
diaphorsis due to fever or exercise
nausea and vomiting
increased urination (over 200 ml per day)
blood loss from surgery, trauma, or an ulcer
What does fluid retention indicate?
a fluid imbalance and is usually associated with kidney disease or failure, heart disease or liver failure.
what are 4 signs and symtoms of fluid retention?
crackles in the lungs
Oral in take is
liquid taken by mouth.
the total of all liquids eliminated from the body.
what is the primary source of fluid output?
urine is the primary source.
what is considered insensible loss of fluid?
water lost from the luns and skin during expiration and reapidly evaproating sweat.
what tool should be used if a patient is on bed rest and needs to go to the bathroom?
bedpan or urinal.
if a female patient is amblatry and need to use the bathroom what device do they use?
if a male patient is amblatory and need to use the bathroom what device do they use?
what device does a patient use if they are storng enough to stand up but to weak to walk to the bathroom?
a bed side commode.
what form is used to record I & O?
DD form 792.
at what level do you measure I & O at?
What should be recorded when documenting I&O's?
time, type and amount of fluid.
the running total of your I&O's are kept and recorded over a
24 hr period.