Medical Terminology - Skin

126 terms by thubtendrolma

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biopsy

the removal of a small piece of living tissue for examination

carcinoma

a malignant and invasive epithelial tumor

cryosurgery

Use of liquid nitrogen or argon gas in a probe to freeze and kill abnormal tissue

cutaneous

Pertaining to the skin

dermatology

medical specialty concerned with disorders of the skin

-opsy

to view

carcin-

cancer

cutan/e

skin

dermato/o

skin

logist

one who studies

surg-

operate

eti/o

cause

-crete

separate

excretion

Removal of waste products of metabolism

integument-

covering of the body

-gnosis

knowledge

secret-

produce

-thesis

to organize, arrange

-thet-

arrange organize

vas/o

blood vessel

-constrict-

narrow

-dilat-

widen, open up

-alges

sensation of pain

derm-

skin

-dermis

skin

-derm

skin

kerat-

hard protein

mealn-

black pigment

sebac/e

wax

cutan/e

skin

dermis

connective tissue layer beneath the epidermis

epidermis

top layer of the skin

hypodermis

loose connective tissue layer of skin below the dermis

intradermal

within the dermis

subcutaneious

below the skin

atopic or atopy

state of hypersensitivity to an allergen

excoriate

to scratch

pruitus

itching

pruit-

itch

antipruitic

medication against itching

seborrhea

excessive amounts of sebum

stasis

stagnation in the flow of the body fluid

atopic dermatitis

allergic dermatitis

stasis dermatitis

occurs in the lower leg when varicose veins slow the return of blood and the accumulation of fluid interferes with the nouishment of the skin

malignant melanoma

least dangerous form of skin cancer.

pressure or decubitus ulcurs

sore cased by lying down for long periods of time

-cubitus

lying down

nevus

an congenital lesion - birthmarks, moles, etc...

macule

small flat spot

papule

pimple

malign-

harmful, bad

mestastasize

To spread to distant parts

nevi

Plural for nevus

tinea

skin infections caused by fungi

tinea pedis

athletes foot

tinea captis

infection of scalp - fingworm

tinea cruris

jock itch

mucocutaneious candidiasis

thrush

parasite

...

pediculosis

lice disease

scabies

skin diseases produced by mites

louse / lice(pl)

impetigo

impetigo

infection of the skin producing thick yellow discharge

pedicul-

lousedermamyositis

kaposi sarcoma

psorisis

rosacea

scleroderma

symptom
symptomatic
sign

...

systemic lupus erythematosus

inflammatory connective tissue disease affecting the whole body

scleroderma

thickening and hardeing of the skin

erythemat

redness

acne

greek-point

androgen

...

andr/o

male

comedo

latin

cyst
cystic

abnormal fluid filled sac surrounded by a membrane

pustule

small protuberance on the skin containing pus

scar

fibrotic seam that forms when the wound heals

alopecia

partial loss of hair

cuticle

nonliving epidermis at base of fingernails and toenails

matrix

(latin - mother) - the formative portion of hair, nail or tooth

onchomycosis

conditon of a fungal infection in a nail

onch/o

nail

para

alongside

ia

condition

myc

fungus

onycho

nail

osis

condition

inflammation

...

flammat-

flame

scald

wash in hot water

shock

to clash

allograft

skin graft from another person or a cadaver

allo-

other

-graft

transplant

autograft

a graft removed from the patient's own skin

cadaver

a dead body or corpse

debridement

the removal of injured or necrotic tissue

eschar

the burnt tissue lying on the top of third degree burns

heterograft

a graft from a different species - not human

homograft

skin graft from another person or cadaver

regenerate

reconsitution of a lost part

xenograft

a graft from another species not human)

xeno-

foreign

-graft

transplant

-gener-

produce

-graft-

transplant

hetero-

different

-bride-

rubbish

de-

take away

abdominoplasty

abdominal fat removal

abrasion

area of skin or mucous membranes that has been scraped off

blepharoplasty

surgical repair of the eyelid

blephar/o

eyelid

-plasty

surgical repair

clot

mass of fibrin and cells that is produced in a wound

dermabrasion

remover of upper layers of the skin by rotary brush

granulation

new fibrous tissue formed during wound healing

incision

a cut or a surgical wound

excision

surgical removal of part of all of a structure

keloid

raised, irregular, lumpy scar due to excess collagen fiber production during healing of a wound

laceration

a tear or jagged wound of the skin- caused by blunt trauma

lipectomy

surgical removal of fat

liposuction

surgical removal of fat via suction

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