Pharmacology Exam Practice Questions

50 terms by annaosetek

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neostigmine major class

cholinergic

lisinopril major class

ACE inhibitor

Plavix major class

thrombolytic

PTU major class

antithyroid

metformin major class

hypoglycemic

proscar major class

antiprostate

salmeterol / serevent major class

broncodialator

atrovent major class

broncodialator

beclomethasone major class

corticosteroid

prednisone major class

corticosteroid

epoetin alfa (epogen) major class

hematopoetic

Cholestryramine/ Questran major class

antilipidemic

Metropolol/ Lopressor major class

beta blocker

wellbutrin major class

antidepressant

tubocurarine major class

muscle relaxant

aricept major class

antialzheimers

ergostat major class

analgesic

tegretol major class

antiseizure

prilosec majore class

antiulcer

zofran major class

antiemetic

levodopa major class

antiparkinson

benadryl major class

antihistamine

timolol major class

antiglaucoma

acyclovir major class

antiviral

gentamicin major class

antibacterial

robitussin major class

antitussive

oncovin major class

antineoplastic

ativan major class

muscle relaxant

bethenechol expected response

bladder contraction

atropine teaching

increase fluid and fiber in diet (Atropine is an anticholinergic- anti-rest and digest)

levodopa adverse effect

akathisia

aricept expected timeframe to theraputic

6 months

valium adverse effect

low respiratory rate

nardil adverse effect

hypertension

dilantin adverse effect

gingival hyperplasia

lithium teaching

pt needs to stop immediately with adverse effects (lithium is a mood stabilizer- pt needs to maintain normal salt intake to prevent toxicity)

haldol adverse effect

akasthisia

morphine sulfate adverse effects

tolerance

coumadin expected therapeutic response time

within 2-5 days with Vit K

propanolol teaching

pt will stop taking immediately with adverse effects

digoxin watch for

hypokalemia and apical rate for one full minute

blood transfusion how to prepare

prime y tubing with dextrose in water

feosol teaching

keep an eye on platelet count (agranulocytosis is a side effect of Feosol/ ferrous sulfate- hematopoetic)

lasix teaching

take potassium supplements, watch for ototoxicity (loop diurectics are not potassium sparing)

nitro teaching

give up to 3 doses 5 minutes apart

verapamil/Calan action

reduces o2 demand of heart (verapamil/calan is a nonselective calcium channel blocker ca-lan)

lisinopril mechanism

vasodilation which reduces afterload (lisinopril is an ACE angiotensin converting enzyme Inihibitor)

lipitor side effect

increased liver enzymes

what helps reach a therapeutic blood level?

loading dose

adverse effect of giving a nonselective adrenergic agonist for anaphylaxis?

severe hypertension

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