16th President of the United States saved the Union during the Civil War and emancipated the slaves; was assassinated by Booth (1809-1865)
The Missouri Compromise
1820 agreement calling for the admission of Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state and outlawing slavery in future states to be created north of the 36, 30 parallel
The Nullification Crisis
Ordinance of nullification by South Carolina. Declared the federal Tariff of 1828/32 were unconstitutional/ unlawful for federal officials to collect duties in the state. President Jackson threatened to invade the states, congress passed both new tariffs and the Force Bill
The Election of 1860
The United States presidential election of 1860 set the stage for the American Civil War. The nation had been divided on questions of states' rights and slavery in the territories. In 1860, this issue, fractured the formerly dominant Democratic Party into Southern and Northern factions and brought Abraham Lincoln and the Republican Party to power. Hardly more than a month following Lincoln's victory came declarations of secession by South Carolina and other states, which were rejected as illegal by outgoing President James Buchanan and President-elect Lincoln
United States Senator from Kentucky, known as a
"War Hawk" and "The Great Compromisor" responsible for the Missouri Compromise between free and slave states (1777-1852)
The seventh President of the United States (1829-1837), who as a general in the War of 1812 defeated the British at New Orleans (1815). As president he opposed the Bank of America, objected to the right of individual states to nullify disagreeable federal laws, and increased the presidential powers.
The "Trail of Tears"
The forced movement of Cherokee Indians in 1838 to the land west of Mississippi River forced by the U.S. Army. it lasted 116 days and was 1,000 miles long, many Indians died
President of the Second Bank of the United States; he struggled to keep the bank functioning when President Jackson tried to destroy it.
The Second Great Awakening
Wave of religious revivals around 1800 that encouraged a culture of evangelicalism responsible for an upswing in prison reform, the temperance cause, the feminist movement, and abolition.
wrote the declaration of independence, chief drafter of the Declaration of Independence; made the Louisiana Purchase in 1803 and sent out the Lewis and Clark Expedition to explore it (1743-1826)
Ulysses S. Grant
an American general and the eighteenth President of the United States (1869-1877). He achieved international fame as the leading Union general in the American Civil War.
Ann Lee: Founder promoted Celibacy as an answer to world suffering. Men/women should live seperately to maintain celibacy, known for furniture- based upon a way for more togetherness
John Humphrey Noyes
Was an American utopian socialist. He founded the Oneida Community in 1848
William Lloyd Garrison
Prominent American abolitionist, journalist and social reformer. Editor of radical abolitionist newspaper "The Liberator", and one of the founders of the American Anti-Slavery Society.
Uncle Tom's Cabin
Written by Harriet Beecher Stowe in 1853 that highly influenced england's view on the American Deep South and slavery. a novel promoting abolition. intensified sectional conflict.
Secretary of the Massachusetts Board of Education, he was a prominent proponent of public school reform, and set the standard for public schools throughout the nation.
John Quincy Adams
6th U.S. President. 1825-1829. Son of 2nd President John Adams, Democratic-Republican. Secretary of State under Monroe. Skilled diplomat as evidenced by the Adams-Onis Treaty and the Treaty of Ghent. Wrote the Monroe Doctrine. Accused of winning the presidency with a "corrupt bargain" with Clay. Repealed the Gag Rule in 1845.
The War of 1812
War between Britain and America caused by American outrage over the impressment of American sailors by the British, the British seizure of American ships, and British aid to the Indians attacking the Americans on the western frontier. Britain burned the White House and the Capital building. In the end, the war was basically a draw. The war strengthened American nationalism and encouraged the growth of industry.
John Brown's Raid
In 1859, the militant abolitionist John Brown seized the U.S. arsenal at Harper's Ferry. He planned to end slavery by massacring slave owners and freeing their slaves. He was captured and executed.
The Compromise of 1850
Slavery becomes outlawed in Washington D.C., California is admitted as a free state, and Utah and New Mexico will determine whether slavery is allowed through popular sovereignty. Also, the Fugitive Slave Law is passed.