Scottish philosopher who believed human knowledge is restricted by the senses; wrote "Treatise on Human Nature" where he examines humans and tries to figure out the "science of man"
"On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres"; proposed heliocentric star system-->church forces him to correct himself
"The Starry Messenger", "Dialogue on Ptolemaic and Copernican"; 1st to use telescope; principle of inertia
macrocosm-microcosm analogy; "like cures like"; one of first to use treatment of disease with drugs
"Discourse on Method" believed in deductive reasoning (general to specific); father of modern rationalism; seperation of mind & matter; "I think, therefore I am"
"On the Motion of the Heart and Blood"; discovered full body circulation of the blood & that blood comes from the heart
Bernard de Fontenelle
"Plurarality of Worlds"; communicated knowledge from scientifc revo. to upper-class audience
"Essay Concerning Human Understanding" believed everyone is born with a "tabula Rasa"(blank slate); knowledge comes from your environment, its not hereditary of by faith; opposes Hobbes; protectiong of people's right; life,liberty,property; social contract
Wrote "Philosophic Letters on the English" & "Treatise on Toleration"; admired the English freedom of the press, and religous toleration; criticizes France for its absolutism
Scottish economist who wrote the Wealth of Nations and designed modern Capitalism & condemed mercantilism; "laissez-faire"; believed wealth came through LABOR
French philosopher who wrote "Social Contract" - consent of the governed and general will of the people & wrote "Discourse on Origins of Inequality of Manking"- primitive humans were happy; humans driven by their EMOTIONS
enlightened thinkers who searched for natural laws to explain economics; opposed mercantilism