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Abraham

He was born of an idol maker in the city of Ur. He grows up into the business. He gets sick of the gods and stops worshipping them. He burns the idols. He hears the voice of God saying monotheism. Example to other nations. Wife Sarah. God and Abraham make covanent of Love.

abiru

Sumerian word for people moving from place to place. (wanderer) (dusty people)

covenant

contract

patriarch

the male head of family or tribe

monotheism

belief in a single God

Moses

born during the time where all Hebrew baby bos were killed. His mom sent him down the Nile where the daughter of Pharoah finds him. He lives 40 years then finds out the truth. He goes into the desert.Sinai. He sees a burning bush. He wants to know Gods name. "I am me" Jehovah Yahweh

Yahweh

I am me (name for God)

Exodus

the second book of the Old Testament: tells of the departure of the Israelites out of slavery in Egypt led by Moses

Israel

'to wrestle with God' Jacobs new name after he wrestled with God.

imago dei

Image of God

Kingdom of God

Heaven

Maccabees

Oldest man in town. ordered to sacrfice animals, he kills officers and sons kill other officers. Starts revolt. Chase after soldiers. Fight for religious freedom. For one God.

Zealots

Dont believe gods dont exist. They do believe in Theos. Starts revolt. "person who is excited about something"

Hebrew Bible/Christian Old Testament

Bible in Jewish religion and Old testament in the Christan Religion.

Tanakh

In specifcally Jewish context Name of Hebrew Bible. Acronym

Torah

most important part of hebrew bible because it contains the law

Prophets

the second of three divisions of the Hebrew Scriptures, , are people who are said to receive messages from God to be taught to others

Messiah

Hebrew for chosen to do a special job.

poetry

tends to rely on repitition of sound. Large section of Hebrew Bible

New Testament

The second part of the Christian Bible, containing descriptions of the life and teachings of Jesus and of his early followers , the collection of books of the Gospels, Acts of the Apostles, the Pauline and other Epistles, and Revelation

Gospels

Stories about Jesus. Matthew Mark Luke and John

synoptics

'looking together' when Mark Matthew and Luke us the same words, same stories and the same order to tell a story.

John

One of the writers of the Gospel, his writings were structurally different than the others.

History

The study of the past with use of stories. In the Bible it is the Acts of the Apostles.

Epistles

letters sent to the church by the Apostles.

Apocalypse

Revelation to St. John. tells the story of the end of the world.

Jesus

Son of God, Savior of the world. He was born human although while still being God. Messiah.

Paul of Tarsus

Responsible for spreading most of Christianity

agape

The highest form of love

Christ

a title given to Jesus that means "anointed one"

conflicts

Struggle between opposing forces

persecutions

The killing of Christians that occured for three centuries in the Roman Empire; ended by Constantine.

Diocletian

303-311 Emperor against Christianity

Constantine

won the civil war over who was to be the next emperor. He legalized Christianity

Edict of Milan (312)

a ruling by Constantine that allowed Christians to openly practice their faith in the Roman empire.

chi-ro

the 1st two letters of the greek word christos; a symbol for jesus chirst

ichtyus/ichthys

Greek word for fish

chalice

image used agape meal Blood of Christ, goblet; consecrated cup

anchor

Image

IHS

In Hoc Signo 'In this sign' When Constantine is fighting in the war to be the next emperor he sees this in the sky and he wins the war and legalizes Christianity

Hagia Sophia

Greek for "Holy wisdom" largest place of worship for Christain and Muslim Religions. Created by Justinian and Theodora

mosaics

images created by glueing pieces of "things" on a wall

icons

Paintings to think about

tessarae

The "things" used to create mosaics

Cathedral/Cathedra

The church of the Bishop named for the seat or chair (cathera) from which he preached or taught.

nave

where people are seated during church service. pews.

narthex

a little room with 2 set of double doors ( reminder of time when christianity was illegal) seperation from outside to church

apse

front end of the church.. high alter

transept

things added on to make the cross shape of the builiding.

atrium

courtyard outside of the Church

Fall of Rome (476)

Barbarian invaisions civiliation collapses. No more reading and writing. People forget. Fall into the dark ages.

Charlemagne (800)

Charles the Great King of the Franks.. (french) goes to Rome for Christmas mass in 800. The Pope annoints him Holy Roman Emperor

Carolingian

reference to person who started Carolingian Rennaissance.. Charlemagne

Alcuin

leader of Irish monks. Creating school at charlemagnes palace.. calls it palace school

Ireland

the monks that lived in Ireland kept reading and writing alive during the dark ages.

Aachen/Aix-la chapelle

leader of Irish monks

palace school

name that Alcuin gave the school he made in Charlemagnes palace.

trivium

3 parts of the 2 year curriculum: grammer; rhetoric; and logic

quadrivium

4 parts to the curriculum: arithmetic; geometry; "astonomy"; "music" (multiply and divide fractinos)

Gregorian Chant

Alcuin created to standardize the liturgy.

monophonic

single melodic line without supporting harmonies

a cappella

just voices. no instruments

melisma

long syllables

trope

extra words in melismas

drama

A story told by actors who play the characters and reveal the conflict through their actions and dialogue

Quem Quaeritas

Latin for "whom are you looking for?"

Everyman

drama

morality play

point is a reminder of death

memento mori

reminder of death in latin

Monasticism

Living away from the everyday world to live in a monastery to become a monk.

Benedict

Has alot of complaints about monasteries, because they are to wealthy.

scriptorium

The monastic room used by monks for the copying and illumination of manuscripts and their study.

Romanesque

Earlier form of architecture.
Rounded Arches.
Dark.
Few windows.
Thick walls.

illuminated manuscripts

Pictures on a page with text that "brighten/Illuminate" the text.

book covers

Outside cover of an Illuminated Manuscript.

Abbot Suger

1st gothic architect

Abbey of St. Denis

Example of the gothic style of medieval architecture.

Christain Platonism

a blending of christian ideas and platos ideas

Gothic

during the middle ages. Pointed arches, stained glass, more windows, brighter.

stained glass windows

let in light. Tell a story. Symbolize to think about the story.

gargoyle

Extravagant animal carving, symbolizing the fight of demons, used on gothic churches to serve as drains.

Dante

an Italian poet famous for writing the Divine Comedy that describes a journey through hell and purgatory and paradise guided by Virgil and his idealized Beatrice (1265-1321)

Virgil

writer from Rome. Aetnid. In the divine comedy, he is little mad reading in Hell

Beatrice

the images of the 'perfect' woman for Dante. In the Divine Comedy she takes him through Heaven

Inferno

Hell

Paradisio

Heaven (dante)

Purgatorio

Trip through Purgatory-place of preperation

Aquinas

Christiain Aristotellanism. Wrote Summa Theologica. Latin for big collection of thoughts and words about God. He had 5 ways to prove the exisistence of God.

Francis

He starts the monestary friars. taught about christianity in language that people can understand. Latin.

Song of Roland

An epic that talked of a chivalric knight named Roland, it revealed the popular image of Charlemagne in later centuries

Chaucer

English poet remembered as author of the Canterbury Tales (1340-1400)

Boccaccio

Wrote the "Decameron" which tells about ambitious merchants, protrays a sensual and worldly society.

tympanum

a large hemispherical brass or copper percussion instrument with a drumhead that can be tuned by adjusting the tension on it

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