SAT Subject Test - World History - Chapter 2 Vocabulary
|Paleolithic||A period lasting from 2 million years ago to 10,000 B.C.E. with the appearance of Homo habilis. Hominids fashioned tools from stone, wood, and bone by knocking and chipping them from the core.|
|Old Stone Age||see Paleolithic|
|Neolithic||A period beginning about 10,000 to 8,000 B.C.E. where stone tools were made by chipping, grinding and polishing, making them stronger and capable of cutting more deeply.|
|New Stone Age||see Neolithic|
|Hunter-gatherers||Groups of people who rely on a combined living of hunting game and gathering root vegetables, nuts and seeds. During the Paleolithic Era, groups of hunter-gatherers migrated widely, to all but the most remote parts of the globe. They had well-defined territories and settled campsites. Also, the hunter-gatherers learned to control fire and knew the habits of animals + relied on plants as an essential part of their diet. Their culture was very vast.|
|Amurians||The earliest of the people who began crossing from Asia (Siberia) to North America (Alaska).|
|Mongoloids||The most recent of the people who began crossing from Asia (Siberia) to North America (Alaska).|
|Amerindians||American Indians, who descended from Amurians and Mongoloids.|
|Culture||Behavior patterns, arts, beliefs, and institutions of people like hunter-gatherers.|
A cave in France where hunter-gatherer cave painting have been drawn. These are most likely to appease the animal spirits or to persuade the "Earth Mother" to the bountiful.
|Horticulture||The agricultural practice of producing enough food for subsistence only. It is carried out with hand tools only.|
|Agriculture||Seed selection and sowing of plants, which seems to have developed independently in many parts of the world.|
|Jarmo||A site in present-day Iraq where agriculture developed. Rains supported sustained agriculture in Jarmo.|
|Slash-and-burn||A system that allowed farmers to grow grain in places where it did not grow naturally.|
|Girding||A technique to cut the bark around trees to kill them, so the ashes can improve fertility.|
|Huang He|| |
(a.k.a. Yellow River) A river in China in which farmers farmed millet alongside ca.7000 B.C.E.
|Maize (Corn)||A vegetable which was cultivated in the Tehuacan Valley of Mexico about 45000 - 4700 years ago as part of the Agricultural Revolution.|
|Root Crops||Crops such as manioc, taro, cassava, and yams that women began to cultivate ca. 5000 B.C.E.|
|Rice Paddy Farming|| |
A type of farming developed in the monsoon areas of the world in which farmers planted rice seedling in standing water. It developed on the heels of already known methods.
|Pastoralism||The domestication of animals.|
|Hallan Cemi||A site in southeastern Turkey dating back 10,000 years where discoveries prove that the pig was the first domesticated animal that was eaten.|
|Jarmo||An early community in Iraq where agriculture flourished.|
|Jericho||An early community in Jordan where agriculture flourished.|
|Catal Huyuk||An early community in Turkey where agriculture flourished.|
|Ban Po||An early community in China where agriculture flourished.|
|Tehuacan||An early community in Mexico where agriculture flourished.|
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