5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Lunyu (Analects)
- a the chronicle of Japan, more historical than the Kojiki but still pretty mythological. Second oldest account of Japan. Covers like 8 centuries of history.
- b a sect of Mahayana buddism important in Japan
Saicho is the Japense monk credited with startingthisschool of Buddhism in Japan
Unlike in Hinayana buddhism, this school of buddhism believes that everyone can attain enlightenment
- c the collections of Confucius' discourses with his disciples
In his discourses, he says that he believes the basic problem with society is the breakdown of morality and values from Zhou era.
- d founder of the Soto school of Zen buddhism in Japan
The soto school, one of the 3 major sects in Zen buddhism, taught that
Unlike the Rinzai school, the Soto school had more widespread appeal.
- e the Tibetian buddhist teacher who is credited with trasmitting many Tibetian buddhist teachings from India
This teacher was a student of the Monka Naropa.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- The disciple of Honen who also preached nembutsu (reptition of the name Amitaba buddha)
He made several important innovations in Japanese Pureland buddhism
Unlike previously held notions, he said 1 nembutsu was enough to get someone into the Pure Land.
- (mandate of heaven)
- one of the schools of Mahayan Buddhism that formed around the Amitaba buddha.
The Pure Land was the concept of a celestial realm full of Buddhas.
achieve nirvana directly from "heaven"
- filial piety. children's respect for their parents in the Chinese tradition, especially in Confuscianism
this is at the heart of propriety in Confucianism
5 True/False Questions
filial piety → generally considered one of Tibet's most famous yogis and poets and a major figure in the history of the Kagyu school of Tibetan Buddhism
he is a student of Marpa and learns his teachings
Yab-Yum → The ancient Chinese ideal that all reality is made up of the interaction of 2 polar forces:
Yin, the forces of darkness, femininity, coldness, wetness, & passivity
Yang, the forces of light, masculinity, heat, dryness, & activity
Harmony of these brings joy, disharmony brings pain
Mahayana → meditation in Buddhism (equivalent to Chan in Chinese)
This meditation is characterized by profound stillness and concentration
yoga → the yogacara is a Mahayanan school that interprets the world as the product of consciousness and that practices the technique of emptying the mind of consciousness
"Five Relationships" → the 5 relationships that Confucians are supposed to respect
They are ruler and minister, father and son, husband and wife, elder and younger brother, and friend and friend.
From Confucian point of view, one's country is an extension of one's family