Passed the Stamp act.
Won the Election of 1800
Created a two house legislature; Senate and House of Representatives
Caused the Boston Tea Party; Gave Britain a tea monopoly in America
in response to Boston Tea Party, 4 acts passed in 1774, Port of Boston closed, reduced power of assemblies in colonies, permitted royal officers to be tried elsewhere, provided for quartering of troop's in barns and empty houses
Those colonist that supported American independence
Those colonist that supported America staying part of Great Britain
name given to those who were against the ratification of the Constitution
supporters of the constitution during the debate over its ratification; favored a strong national government
Articles of Confederation
This document, the nation's first constitution, was adopted by the Second Continental Congress in 1781 during the Revolution. The document was limited because states held most of the power, and Congress lacked the power to tax, regulate trade, or control coinage.
It was a compromise between the northern states with the southern ones that decided that although slaves were not citizens, each one would count as 3/5 of a man for representation. It got Southern states to ratify the constitution.
information that is spread for the purpose of promoting some cause
fees for the support of government required to be paid by people and businesses
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments of the U.S. Constitution, containing a list of individual rights and liberties, such as freedom of speech, religion, and the press.
New Jersey Plan
The proposal at the Constitutional Convention that called for equal representation of each state in Congress regardless of the state's population
Virginia delegate James Madison's plan of government, in which states got a number of representatives in Congress based on their population
a riot in Boston (March 5, 1770) arising from the resentment of Boston colonists toward British troops quartered in the city, in which the troops fired on the mob and killed several persons.
A tax that the British Pariliament placed on newspapers and official documents sold in the American Colonies
Military commander of the American Revolution. He was the first elected president of the United States (1789-1799).
He was a delegate from Virginia at the Second Continental Congress and wrote the Declaration of Independence. He later served as the third President of the United States.
America's first Vice-President and second President.
Revolutionary leader who wrote the pamphlet Common Sense (1776) arguing for American independence from Britain. Also wrote the 'American Crisis'.
The fourth President of the United States (1809-1817). A member of the Continental Congress (1780-1783) and the Constitutional Convention (1787), he strongly supported ratification of the Constitution.
to aprove something
Thomas Jefferson bought from France. The U.S. gained control of Mississippi trade route and doubled its size.
Lexington and Concord
April 8, 1775: Gage leads 700 soldiers to confiscate colonial weapons and arrest Adam, and Hancock; April 19, 1775: 70 armed militia face British at Lexington (shot heard around the world); British retreat to Boston, suffer nearly 300 casualties along the way (concord)
Battle which was the "turning point" in the Revolutionary War.
the legislative assembly composed of delegates from the rebel colonies who met during and after the American Revolution
Led by Thomas Jefferson, believed people should have political power, favored strong STATE governments, emphasized agriculture, strict interpretation of the Constitution, pro-French, opposed National Bank
Hamilton emerged as a major political figure during the debate over the Constitution, as the outspoken leader of the Federalists and one of the authors of the Federalist Papers. Later, as secretary of treasury under Washington, Alexander Hamilton spearheaded the government's Federalist initiatives, most notably through the creation of the Bank of the United States.
The document written in 1787 and ratified in 1788 that sets forth the institutional structure of the U.S. government and the tasks these institutions perform. It replaced the Articles of Confederation.
Lewis and Clark
Sent on an expedition by Jefferson to gather information on the United States' new land and map a route to the Pacific. They kept very careful maps and records of this new land acquired from the Louisiana Purchase.
a battle that took place on the strategic point of Breed's Hill. British victory on account of the depletion of American supplies. yet gave them confidence- It pushed Americans towards a final decision for war.
volunteer militia soldiers who were ready to fight in a moments notice
American silversmith remembered for his midnight ride (celebrated in a poem by Longfellow) to warn the colonists in Lexington and Concord that British troops were coming (1735-1818)
popular term for British regular troops, scorned as "lobster backs" and "bloody backs" by Bostonians and other colonials
War of 1812
Resulted from Britain's support of Indian hostilities along the frontier, interference with American trade, and impressments of American sailors into the British Navy (1812 - 1815)
Battle of New Orleans
Jackson led a battle that occurred when British troops attacked U.S. soldiers in New Orleans on January 8, 1815; the War of 1812 had officially ended with the signing of the Treaty of Ghent in December, 1814, but word had not yet reached the U.S.
A statement of foreign policy which proclaimed that Europe should not interfere in affairs within the United States or in the development of other countries in the Western Hemisphere.
Causes of the American Revolution
-Proclamation of 1763 prevents colonists
from moving west
-Parliament taxes colonies to pay British
-Colonists protest taxation without
New England Colonies
Massachusets New Hampshire Connecticut and Rhode Island. They had a short growing season long and cold winters, rocky soil and Forests and economy was based on trading shipping and ship building. And Puritans.
New York New Jersey and Pennsylvania. had fertile soil moderate winters warm summers and a good growing season and economy was based on farming. And Quakers.
Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia; very rural with large farms "plantations" with use of slave labor; tobacco, cotton, indigo, and rice were grown with tobacco being the largest cash crop.
Governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony, envisioned colony as a "city upon a hill." And Puritan.
A Quaker that founded Pennsylvania to establish a place where his people and others could live in peace and be free from persecution.
a circular chart divided into triangular areas proportional to the percentages of the whole
French and Indian War
The War between England and France that took place in American (among other places) the Native Americans fought on both sides during the war. After the war, the natives were treated very badly by the British. Also, the British began taxing Americans to pay for the war.
a member of any of the North American Indian groups speaking an Algonquian language and originally living in the subarctic regions of eastern Canada. They were a woodland people who fought with the Iroquois confederation at times.
any member of the warlike North American Indian peoples formerly living in New York state. They often allied with the French. Especially during the French and Indian war.
A tribe who dominated the southeast United States during its early history. They fought for and against the British during the French and Indian war.