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A(n) ________ model of informed consent permits the collection of personal information until the consumer specifically requests that the data not be collected. (from Chapter 4)
A:opt-in
B:opt-out
C:P3P
D:PGP

opt-out

The interaction between information systems and organizations is (from Chapter 3)
A:primarily guided by the decision making of middle- and senior-managers.
B:a complex, two-way relationship mediated by factors such as the environment and organizational structure.
C:driven by the microeconomic forces of capital and labor.
D:successfully managed when the organization's existing culture and goals are seen as the driving force.

a complex, two-way relationship mediated by factors such as the environment and organizational structure.

In network economics, the value of a commercial software vendor's software products (from Chapter 3)
A:increases as more people use them.
B:decreases as more people use them.
C:increases due to higher marginal gain in output.
D:decreases according to the law of iminishing returns.

increases as more people use them.

CVS refers to (from Chapter 4)
A:eyestrain related to computer display screen use.
B:carpal vision syndrome.
C:wrist injuries brought about by incorrect hand position when using a keyboard.
D:stress induced by technology.

eyestrain related to computer display screen use.

The four major types of competitive strategy are (from Chapter 3)
A:low-cost leadership; substitute products and services; customers; and suppliers.
B:low-cost leadership; product differentiation; focus on market niche; and customer and supplier intimacy.
C:new market entrants; substitute products and services; customers; and suppliers.
D:low-cost leadership; new market entrants; product differentiation; and focus on arket niche.

low-cost leadership; product differentiation; focus on market niche; and customer and supplier intimacy.

Advances in data storage techniques and rapidly declining storage costs have (from Chapter 4)
A:been accompanied by relevant federal statutes protecting personal data.
B:made universal access possible.
C:doubled every 18 months.
D:made routine violations of privacy cheap and effective.

made routine violations of privacy cheap and effective.

A firm can exercise greater control over its suppliers by having (from Chapter 3)
A:more suppliers.
B:fewer suppliers.
C:global suppliers.
D:local suppliers.

more suppliers.

The secondary activities of a firm include (from Chapter 3)
A:inbound logistics, technology, outbound logistics, sales and marketing, and service.
B:inbound logistics, organization infrastructure, outbound logistics, technology, and procurement.
C:organization infrastructure, human resources, sales and marketing, and technology.
D:organization infrastructure, human resources, technology, and procurement.

organization infrastructure, human resources, technology, and procurement.

All of the following are major features of organizations that impact the use of information systems EXCEPT for (from Chapter 3)
A:business processes.
B:environments.
C:goals.
D:agency costs.

agency costs.

The U.S. CAN-SPAM Act of 2003 (from Chapter 4)
A:makes spamming illegal.
B:requires spammers to identify themselves.
C:has dramatically cut down spamming.
D:does not override state anti-spamming laws.

requires spammers to identify themselves.

Intellectual property can best be described as (from Chapter 4)
A:intangible property created by individuals or corporations.
B:unique creative work or ideas.
C:tangible or intangible property created from a unique idea.
D:the expression of an intangible idea.

intangible property created by individuals or corporations.

A virtual company (from Chapter 3)
A:uses the capabilities of other companies without being physically tied to those companies.
B:uses Internet technology to maintain a virtual storefront.
C:uses Internet technology to maintain a networked community of users.
D:provides entirely Internet-driven services, or virtual products.

uses the capabilities of other companies without being physically tied to those companies.

The Federal Trade Commission FIP principle of Notice/Awareness states that (from Chapter 4)
A:customers must be allowed to choose how their information will be used for secondary purposes other than the supporting transaction.
B:data collectors must take responsible steps to assure that consumer information is accurate and secure from unauthorized use.
C:there is a mechanism in place to enforce FIP principles.
D:Web sites must disclose their information practices before collecting data.

Web sites must disclose their information practices before collecting data.

To what competitive force did the printed encyclopedia industry succumb? (from Chapter 3)
A:positioning and rivalry among competitors
B:low cost of entry
C:substitute products or services
D:customer's bargaining power

substitute products or services

FIP principles are based on the notion of the (from Chapter 4)
A:accountability of the record holder.
B:responsibility of the record holder.
C:mutuality of interest between the record holder and the individual.
D:privacy of the individual.

mutuality of interest between the record holder and the individual.

Re-designing and automating business processes can be seen as a double-edged sword because (from Chapter 4)
A:increases in efficiency may be accompanied by job losses.
B:increases in efficiency may be accompanied by poor data quality.
C:support for middle-management decision making may be offset by poor data quality.
D:reliance on technology results in the loss of hands-on knowledge.

increases in efficiency may be accompanied by job losses.

An example of synergy in business is (from Chapter 3)
A:Amazon's use of the Internet to sell books.
B:JP Morgan Chase's merger with Bank One Corporation, which provided JP Morgan with a network of retail branches in new regions.
C:Blockbuster combining traditional video rental with online video rental.
D:Wal-Mart's order entry and inventory management system to coordinate with suppliers.

JP Morgan Chase's merger with Bank One Corporation, which provided JP Morgan with a network of retail branches in new regions.

How does the technical view of organizations fall short of understanding the full impacts of information systems in a firm? (from Chapter 3)
A:It sees information systems as a way to rearrange the inputs and outputs of the organization.
B:It sees capital and labor as primary production factors.
C:It sees the inputs and outputs, labor and capital, as being infinitely malleable.
D:It sees the organization as a social structure similar to a machine.

It sees the inputs and outputs, labor and capital, as being infinitely malleable.

A large bureaucracy existing in a slowly changing environment that produces standard products and is dominated by centralized management making is classified by Mintzberg as a ________ bureaucracy. (from Chapter 3)
A:machine
B:professional
C:divisionalized
D:multidivisional

machine

The Internet raises the bargaining power of customers by (from Chapter 3)
A:creating new opportunities for building loyal customer bases.
B:making more products available.
C:making information available to everyone.
D:lowering transaction costs.

making information available to everyone.

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