Articles of Confederation
This document was adopted by the Second Continental congress in 1781 during the American Revolution. It established a weak central government (i.e., states held most of the power, congress lacked the power to tax, regulate trade, or control coinage). This was also the first constitution of our country.
Bill of Rights
The first 10 amendments to the United States Constitution
The legislative assembly composed of delegates from the rebel colonies who met during and after the American Revolution; they issued the Declaration of Independence and framed Articles of Confederation
The belief that states retain all powers not specifically delegated to the central government by the Constitution, and that they have the right to nullify federal laws
New Jersey Plan
The proposal at the Constitutional Convention that called for equal representation of each state in Congress regardless of the state's population.
The proposal at the Constitutional Convention that called for representation of each state in Congress in proportion to that state's share of the U.S. population.
The function of members of Congress as elected officials representing the views of their constituents.
An agreement over the representation controversy at the Constitutional Convention that allowed 3 out of every 5 slaves in any state would be counted as part of the state's population
The agreement by which Congress would have two houses, the Senate (where each state gets equal representation-two senators) and the House of Representatives (where representation is based on population).
checks and balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
The lawmaking body for the state of South Carolina
A change to the Constitution
a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
supporters of the Constitution during the debate over its ratification; favored a strong national government
opponents of a strong central government; campaigned against the ratification of the Constitution;