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During operations within controlled airspace at altitudes of less than 1200 feet AGL, the minimum horizontal distance from clouds requirement for VFR flight is

2,000 feet

What minimum flight visibility is required for VFR flight operations on an airway below 10,000 feet MSL?

3 miles

The minimum distance from clouds required for VFR operations on an airway below 10,000 feet MSL is

500 feet below, 1,000 feet above, and 2,000 feet horizontally

During operations within controlled airspace at altitudes of more than 1,200 feet AGL, but less than 10,000 feet MSL, the minimum distance above clouds requirement for VFR flight is

1,000 feet

VFR flight in controlled airspace above 1,200 feet AGL and below 10,000 feet MSL requires a minimum visibility and vertical cloud clearance of

3 miles, and 500 feet below or 1,000 feet above the clouds in controlled airspace.

The minimum flight visibility required for VFR flights above 10,000 feet MSL and more than 1,200 feet AGL in controlled airspace is

5 miles.

For VFR flight operations above 10,000 feet MSL and more than 1,200 feet AGL, the minimum horizontal distance from clouds required is

1 mile.

During operations at altitudes of more than 1,200 feet AGL and at or above 10,000 feet MSL, the minimum distance above clouds requirement for VFR flight is

1,000 feet.

What minimum visibility and clearance from clouds are required for VFR operations in Class G airspace at 700 feet or below during daylight hours?

1 mile visibility and clear of the clouds

During operations outside controlled airspace at altitudes of more than 1,200 feet AGL, but less than 10,000 feet MSL, the minimum flight visibility for VFR flight at night is

3 miles.

Outside controlled airspace, the minimum flight visibility requirement for VFR flight above 1,200 feet AFL and below 10,000 feet MSL during daylight hours is

1 mile.

During operations outside controlled airspace at altitudes of more than 1,200 feet AGL, but less than 10,000 feet MSL, the minimum distance below clouds requirement for VFR flight at night is

500 feet.

No person may take off or land an aircraft under basic VFR at an airport that lies within Class D airspace unless the

ground visibility at the airport is at least 3 miles.

The basic VFR weather minimums for operating an aircraft within Class D airspace are

1,000 foot ceiling and 3 miles visibility

What is the minimum weather condition required for airplanes operating under special VFR in Class D airspace?

1 mile flight visibility

What are the minimum requirements for an airplane operations under special VFR in Class D airspace at night?

The pilot must be instrument rated, and the airplane must be IFR equipped.

No person may operate an airplane within class D airspace at night under special VFR unless the

airplane is equipped for instrument flight.

What ATC facility should the pilot contact to receive a special VFR departure clearance in Class D airspace?

Air Traffic Control Tower

Which cruising altitude is appropriate for a VFR flight on a magnetic course of 135 degrees?

Odd thousandths plus 500 feet

Which VFR cruising altitude is acceptable for a flight on a Victor Airway with a magnetic course of 175 degrees? The terrain is less than 1,000 feet.

5,500 feet

Which VFR cruising altitude is appropriate when flying above 3,000 feet AGL on a magnetic course of 185 degrees?

4,500 feet

Each person operating an aircraft at a VFR cruising altitude shall maintain an odd-thousand plus 500 foot altitude while on

magnetic course of 0 through 179 degrees

With respect to the certification of aircraft, which is a category of aircraft?

Normal, utility, acrobatic

With respect to the certification of aircraft, which is a class of aircraft?

Airplane, rotorcraft, glider, balloon

Unless otherwise specifically authorized, no person may operate an aircraft that has an experimental certificate

over a densely populated area or in a congested airway.

Which is normally prohibited when operating a restricted category civil aircraft?

Flight over a densely populated area.

No person may operate an aircraft in formation flight

except by prior arrangement with the PIC of each aircraft.

Under what conditions may objects be dropped from an aircraft?

If precautions are taken to avoid injury or damage to persons property or property on the surface.

How should a VFR flight plan be closed at the completion of the flight at a controlled airport?

The pilot must close the flight plan with the nearest FSS or other FAA facility upon landing.

Unless otherwise authorized, what is the maximum indicated airspeed at which a person may operate an aircraft below 10,000 feet MSL?

250 knots

Unless otherwise authorized, the maximum indicated airspeed at which aircraft may be flown when at or below 2,500 feet AGL and within 4 nautical miles of the primary airport of Class C airspace is

200 knots

When flying in the airspace underlying Class B airspace, the maximum speed authorized is

200 knots

When flying in a VFR corridor designated through Class B airspace, the maximum speed authorized is

200 knots

Where may an aircraft's operating limitations be found?

In the current, FAA-approved flight manual, approved manual material, markings, and placards, or any combination thereof.

Where may an aircraft's operating limitations be found if the aircraft has an Experimental or Special light-sport airworthiness certificate?

In the current, FAA-approved flight manual.

In addition to a valid Airworthiness Certificate, what documents or records must be aboard an aircraft during flight?

Operating limitations and Registration Certificate.

How long does the Airworthiness Certificate of an aircraft remain valid?

As long as the aircraft is maintained and operated as required by Federal Aviation Regulations.

The responsibility for ensuring that an aircraft is maintained in an airworthy condition is primarily that of the

owner or operator.

The airworthiness of an aircraft can be determined by a preflight inspection and a

review of the maintenance records.

the responsibility for ensuring that maintenance personnel make the appropriate entries in the aircraft maintenance records indicating the aircraft has been approved for return to service lies with the

owner or operator.

Who is responsible for ensuring appropriate entries are made in maintenance records indicating the aircraft has been approved for return to service?

owner or operator.

Completion of an annual condition inspection and the return of the aircraft to service should always be indicated by

an appropriate notation in the aircraft maintenance records.

An aircraft's annual condition inspection was performed on July 12, this year. The next annual inspection will be due no later than

July 31, next year.

To determine the expiration date of the last annual aircraft inspection, a person should refer to the

aircraft maintenance records.

What aircraft inspections are required for rental aircraft that are also used for flight instruction?

Annual condition and 100-hour inspections.

No person may use an ATC transponder unless it has been tested and inspected within at least the preceding

24 calendar months.

Maintenance records show the last transponder inspection was performed on September 1, 2006. The next inspection will be due no later than

September 30, 2008

Preventive maintenance has been performed on an aircraft. What paperwork is required?

The signature, certificate number, and kind of certificate held by the person approving the work and a description of the work must be entered in the aircraft maintenance records.

What regulation allows a private pilot to perform preventive maintenance?

14 CFR Part 43.7

Who may perform preventive maintenance on an aircraft and approve it for return to service?

Private or Commercial Pilot

Which operation would be described as preventive maintenance?

Replenishing hydraulic fluid.

Which operation would be described as preventive maintenance?

Replenishing hydraulic fluid.

If an alteration or repair substantially affects an aircraft's operation in flight, that aircraft must be test flown by an appropriately rated pilot and approved for return to service prior to being operated

with passengers aboard.

Before passengers can be carried in an aircraft that has been altered in a manner that may have appreciably changed its flight characteristics, it must be flight tested by an appropriately rated pilot who holds at least a

private pilot certificate.

An aircraft had a 100 hour inspection when the tachometer read 1259.6. When is the next 100 hour inspection due?

1359.6 hours

Which records or documents shall the owner or operator of an aircraft keep to show compliance with an applicable Airworthiness Directive?

Aircraft Maintenance Records

What should an owner or operator know about Airworthiness Directives? (ADs)

They are mandatory.

May a pilot operate an aircraft that is not in compliance with an AD?

Yes, if allowed by the AD.

Who is responsible for ensuring ADs are complied with?

Owner or operator.

What information is contained in the Notices to Airman Publication?

Current NOTAM (D) and FDC NOTAMs.

FAA advisory circulars (some free, others at cost) are available to all pilots and are obtained by

ordering those desired from the Government Printing Office.

FAA advisory circulars containing subject matter specifically related to Airmen are issued under which subject number?

60

FAA advisory circulars containing subject matter specifically related to airspace are issued under which subject number?

70

FAA advisory circulars containing subject matter specifically related to ATC and General Operations are issued under which subject number?

90

If an aircraft is involved in an accident which results in a substantial damage to the aircraft, the nearest NTSB field office should be notified

immediately.

Which incident requires an immediate notification to the nearest NTSB field office?

Flight control system malfunction or failure.

Which incident would necessitate an immediate notification to the nearest NTSB field office?

An in-flight fire.

Which incident requires an immediate notification made to the nearest NTSB field office?

An overdue aircraft that is believed to be involved in an accident.

May aircraft wreckage be moved prior to the time the NTSB takes custody?

Yes, but only to protect the wreckage from further damage.

The operator of an aircraft that has been involved in an accident is required to file an accident report within how many days?

10

The operator of an aircraft that has been involved in an incident is required to submit a report to the nearest field office of the NTSB

when requested.

Which is the correct traffic pattern departure procedure to use at a noncontrolled airport?

Comply with any FAA traffic pattern established for the airport.

The recommended entry position to an airport traffic pattern is

to enter 45 degrees at the midpoint of the downwind leg at traffic pattern altitude.

VFR approaches to land at night should be accomplished

the same as during daytime.

The numbers 9 and 27on a runway indicate that the runway is oriented approximately

090 degrees and 270 degrees magnetic.

The numbers 8 and 26 on the approach ends of the runway indicate that the runway is orientated approximately

080 degrees and 260 degrees magnetic.

When turning onto a taxiway from another taxiway, what is the purpose of the taxiway directional sign?

Indicates designation an direction of taxiway leading out of an intersection.

Who should not participate in the Land and Hold Short Operations program?

Student pilots

Who has final authority to accept or decline any land and hold short clearance?

PIC

when should pilots decline a land and hold short clearance?

When it will compromise safety

Where is the "Available Landing Distance" ALD data published for an airport that utilizes Land and Hold Short Operations (LAHSO)?

Special Notices Section of the A/FD.

What is the minimum visibility for a pilot to receive a LAHSO clearance?

3 statute miles.

When approaching taxiway holding lines from the side with the continuous lines, the pilot

should not cross the lines without ATC clearance.

What is the purpose of the runway/runway hold position sign?

Denotes intersecting runways.

What does the outbound destination sign identify?

Identifies direction to take off runways.

An airport's rotating beacon operated during daylight hours indicates

that weather at the airport located in Class D airspace is below basic VFR weather minimums.

Airport taxiway edge lights are identified at night by

blue omnidirectional lights

To set the high intensity runway lights on medium intensity, the pilot should click the microphone seven times, then click it

five times within five seconds.

A lighted heliport may be identified by a

green, yellow, and white rotating beacon.

A military air station can be identified by a rotating beacon that emits

two quick, white flashes between green flashes.

How can a military airport be identified at night?

Dual peaked (two quick) white flashes between green flashes.

An above glide slope indication from a tri-color VASI is

an amber light signal

An on glide slope indication from a tri-color VASI is

a green light signal

A below glide slope indication from a pulsating approach slope indicator is a

pulsating red light

While operating in Class D airspace, each pilot of an aircraft approaching to land on a runway served by a visual approach slope indicator (VASI) shall

maintain an altitude at or above the glide slope until a lower altitude is necessary for a safe landing.

When approaching to land on a runway served by VASI, the pilot shall

maintain an altitude at or above the glide slope.

A slightly high glide slope indication from a precision approach path indicator is

three white lights and one red light.

A below glide slope indication from a tri-color VASI is a

red light signal.

When taxiing with strong, quartering tailwinds, which aileron positions should be used?

Aileron down on the side from which the wind is blowing.

Which aileron positions should a pilot generally use when taxiing in strong quartering headwinds?

Aileron up on the side from which the wind is blowing.

Which wind condition would be most critical when taxiing a nosewheel equipped high-wing airplane?

Quartering tailwind.

To minimize the side loads placed on the landing gear during touchdown, the pilot should keep the

longitudinal axis of the aircraft parallel to the direction of its motion.

Information concerning parachute jumping sites may be found in the

Airport Facility Directory

When operating an aircraft at cabin pressure altitudes above 12,500 feet MSL up to and including 14,000 feet MSL, supplemental oxygen shall be used during

that flight time in excess of 30 minutes at those altitudes.

Unless each occupant is provided with supplemental oxygen, no person may operate a civil aircraft of U.S. registry above a maximum cabin pressure altitude of

15,000 feet MSL

Large accumulations of carbon monoxide in the human body result in

loss of muscular power

Which statement best defines hypoxia?

A state of oxygen deficiency in the body.

When a stressful situation is encountered in flight, an abnormal increase in the volume of air breathed in and out can cause a condition known as

hyperventilation

Which would most likely result in hyperventilation?

Emotional tension, anxiety, or fear.

A pilot should be able to overcome the symptoms or avoid future occurrences of hyperventilation by

slowing the breathing rate, breathing into a bag, or talking aloud.

Susceptibility to carbon monoxide poisoning increases as

altitude increases

The danger of spatial disorientation during flight in poor visual conditions may be reduced by

having faith in the instruments rather than taking a chance on the sensory organs.

A state of temporary confusion resulting from misleading information being sent to the brain by various sensory organs is defined as

spatial disorientation.

Pilots are more subject to spatial disorientation if

visual cues are taken away, as they are in instrument meteorological conditions. (IMC)

If a pilot experiences spatial disorientation during flight in a restricted visibility condition, the best way to overcome the effect is to

rely upon the aircraft instrument indicators.

What is it often called when a pilot pushes his or her capabilities and the aircraft's limits by trying to maintain visual contact with the terrain in low visibility and ceiling?

Scud running

What is the antidote when a pilot has a hazardous attitude, such as "Antiauthority"?

Follow the rules.

What is the antidote when a pilot has a hazardous attitude, such as "impulsivity?"

Not so fast, think first.

Hazardous attitudes occur to every pilot to some degree at some time. What are some of these hazardous attitudes?

Antiauthority, impulsivity, macho, resignation, and invulnerability

in the aeronautical decision making (ADM) process, what is the first step in neutralizing a hazardous attitude?

Recognizing hazardous thoughts.

Risk management, as part of the aeronautical decision making process, relies on which features to reduce the risks associated with each flight?

Situational awareness, problem recognition, and good judgement.

What is the antidote when a pilot has a hazardous attitude, such as invulnerability?

it could happen to me.

What is the antidote when a pilot has a hazardous attitude, such as "macho"?

Taking chances is foolish

What is the antidote when a pilot has a hazardous attitude such as "resignation"?

I am not helpless

Who is responsible for determining whether a pilot is fit to fly for a particular flight, even though he or she holds a current medical certificate?

The pilot

what is the one common factor which affects most preventable accidents?

Human error

What often leads to spatial disorientation or collision with ground/obstacles when flying under VFR?

Continual flight in instrument conditions.

What is one of the negated items when a pilot relies on short and long term memory for repetitive tasks?

Checklists

Most midair collision accidents occur during

clear days

Prior to starting each maneuver, pilots should

visually scan the entire area for collision avoidance.

What effect does haze have on the ability to see traffic or terrain features during flight?

All traffic or terrain features appear to be farther away than their actual distance.

The most effective method of scanning for other aircraft for collision avoidance during daylight hours is to use

a series of short, regularly spaced eye movements to search each 10 degree sector

Which technique should a pilot use to scan for traffic to the right and left during straight and level flight?

Systematically focus on different segments of the sky for short intervals.

How can you determine if another aircraft is on a collision course with your aircraft?

There will be no apparent motion between your aircraft and the other aircraft.

What preparation should a pilot make to adapt the eyes for night flying?

Avoid bright white lights for at least 30 mins before the flight.

What is the most effective way to use the eyes during night flight?

Scan slowly to permit offcenter viewing.

The best method to use when looking for other traffic at night is to

look to the side of the object and scan slowly

the most effective method of scanning for other aircraft for collision avoidance during nighttime hours is to use

peripheral vision by scanning small sectors and utilizing offcenter viewing

Except in Alaska, during what time period should lighted position lights be displayed on an aircraft?

sunset to sunrise

Pilots are encouraged to turn on their landing lights when operating below 10,000 feet, day or night, and when operating within

10 miles of any airport.

During a night flight, you observe a steady red light and a flashing red light ahead and at the same altitude. What is the general direction of movement of the other aircraft?

The other aircraft is crossing to the left.

During a night flight, you observe a steady white light, and a flashing red light ahead and at the same altitude. What is the general direction of movement of the other aircraft?

The other aircraft is flying away from you.

During a night flight, you observe steady red and green lights ahead and at the same altitude. What is the general direction of movement of the other aircraft?

The other aircraft is approaching head-on.

Every physical process of weather is accompanied by, or is the result of, a

heat exchange

What causes variations in altimeter settings between weather reporting points?

Unequal heating of the Earth's surface

The wind at 5,000 feet AGL is southwesterly while the surface wind is southerly. This difference in direction is primarily due to

friction between the wind and the surface.

Convective circulation patterns associated with sea breezes are caused by

cool, dense, air moving inland over the water.

A temperature inversion would most likely result in which weather condition?

An increase in temperature as altitude is increased.

The most frequent type of ground or surface-based temperature inversion is that which is produced by

terrestrial radiation on a clear, relatively still night.

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