Ethics in Advanced Prehospital Care

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Although ethical problems often have a legal aspect, most ethical problems are solved in the field and not in a courtroom.
A. True
B. False

A. True

Most codes of ethics provide specific guidance for performance of the professional.
A. True
B. False

B. False

When faced with an ethical challenge, the best guiding question is which of the following?
A. How would I like to be treated?
B. What would the patient want?
C. Which actions will account for the greatest good?
D. What is in the best interest of the patient?
E. What actions can I defend?

D. What is in the best interest of the patient?

The term that means "desiring to do good" is:
A. benevolence.
B. justice.
C. beneficence.
D. autonomy.
E. euphylanthropnia.

A. benevolence.

The Latin phrase primum non nocere means:
A. "Do the best you can."
B. "Avoid mistakes."
C. "Maintain the patient's best interests."
D. "First, do no harm."
E. "Treat all patients fairly."

D. "First, do no harm."

Which question best describes the impartiality test for analyzing an ethical situation?
A. Can you justify this action to others?
B. Would you want this procedure if you were in the patient's place?
C. Would you want this procedure performed on you if you were in similar
circumstances?
D. Will you likely be questioned about the need for this procedure later?
E. none of the above

B. Would you want this procedure if you were in the patient's place?

When in doubt about the validity of a DNR order or the patient's desire to be resuscitated, you should:
A. begin resuscitation immediately.
B. await arrival of the DNR to verify its validity.
C. contact medical direction for advice before beginning resuscitation.
D. not resuscitate.
E. begin with CPR and delay advanced interventions.

A. begin resuscitation immediately.

There are no circumstances in which it is appropriate to breach patient confidentiality.
A. True
B. False

B. False

When presented with a patient who is enrolled in a health maintenance organization (HMO) whose policy states that the patient must be cared for at a member institution, you are responsible to act in the patient's best interest.
A. True
B. False

A. True

When presented with orders from a physician that do not comply with your protocols and that you believe are not in the patient's best interest, you should:
A. follow the physician's order and report your concerns to the medical director.
B. ask the physician to repeat or confirm the order.
C. ask the physician for an explanation of the order.
D. not follow the physician's order.
E. do all except A.

E. do all except A.

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