Patent Ductus Arteriousus
a condition in which a blood vessel called the ductus arteriosus fails to close normally in an infant soon after birth. (The word "patent" means open.)
A collapsed lung; the collection of air in the space around the lungs.
insertion of a catheter into a chamber of vessel of the heart to stablize rhythm. Supine position.
Decortication of the Lung
Excision of an empyema sac and thickened pleura from the lung and chest wall.
Atrial Septal Defect
an abnormal opening between the left and right atria of the heart
Ventricular Septal Defect
a common congenital heart defect where there are one or more holes in the wall that separates the right and left ventricles of the heart. Supine, median sternotomy incision.
compression of the heart that occurs when blood or fluid builds up in the space between the myocardium (heart muscle) and the pericardium (outer covering sac of the heart).
accumulation of fluid within the pleural cavity
Abnormal opening b/w the R and L atria that does not produce blue discoloration of the skin
deoxygenated blood bypassing the lungs and entering the blood stream, resulting in a blueish discoloration of the skin
abnormal narrowing of the opening into the pulmonary artery from the right ventricle
the volume of blood pumped by the heart per minute (mL blood/min ---a function of heart rate X stroke volume)
accumulation of pus in the pleural cavity
Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump
Inflates during diastole to increase coronary artery perfusion pressure
Ventricular Assist Device
Surgically implanted device that the work of the left ventricle, (allows blood to be pumped to maintain organ perfusion) For patients waiting for heart transplant
Heart and Lung Machine
Device that can take over gas exchange and blood circulation for a short period during a major heart or heart and lung operation
Posteriolateral Positioning Equipment
adhesive tape, bean bags, surgical towels, sheets, sand bags and pillows
the insertion of a tube (chest tube) into the pleural cavity to drain air, blood, bile, pus, or other fluids
process in which small (normally closed) arteries open up and connect two larger arteries or different parts of the same artery. They can serve as alternate routes of blood supply.
A deposit of fatty material on the inner lining of an arterial wall
insufficient blood flow to an area
a cardiovascular disease characterized by a sac-like widening of an artery resulting from weakening of the artery wall
Surgical removal of plaque from the inner layer of an artery
the pressure that is exerted by the blood against the walls of blood vessels
the volume of blood pumped out by a ventricle with each heartbeat
largest artery in the body
handheld diagnostic device that emits ultrasonic waves into the body
a test to detect problems in the electrical activity of the brain
Peripheral Vascular System
collectively the arteries and veins that supply blood to the organs of the body are part of the
inflammation of a vein associated with a clot formation