week 5 medical terminology

50 terms by GriffinKelly816

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appendectomy

surgical removal of the appendix

appendicitis

inflammation of the appendix

biliary

pertaining to bile

buccal mucosa

pertaining the mucous membrane of the cheek

cholecystectomy

excision of the gallbladder

colitis

inflammation of colon

colostomy

creation of a new opening between the colon and the abdominal wall

duodenal

pertaining to the duodenum

gastroenteritis

inflammation of the stomach and intestines

esophageal atresia

closure of the esophagus

gastrectomy

excision of the stomach

femora hernia

displacement of intestine through the femoral canal

hiatal hernia

displacement of the stomach above the diaphragm into the thoracic cavity

inguinal hernia

displacement of intestines through the inguinal canal

umbilical hernia

protrusion of the intestine through a weakness in the abdominal wall around the umbilicus (navel)

ileostomy

creation of a new opening between the ileum and the abdominal wall

laparoscope

instrument used to visually examine the inside of the abdomen

sublingual

pertaining to the under the tongue

cholecystolithiasis

condition of stones in the bladder

lithotripsy

crushing of gallstones into pebbles tiny enough to be eliminated w/o surgical removal

retroperioneal

behind the peritoneum

pyloric stenosis

narrowing of the pylorus

sigmoidoscopy

process of visually examining the sogmoid colon

stomatitis

inflammation of the mouth

hyperemesis

excessive vomiting

melanemesis

black vomit caused by the mixing of blood with intestinal contents

aphagia

no eating

dysphasia

difficulty eating

catheterization

the process of insterting a flexible tube into a body cavity

cystitis

inflammtion of the bladder

glomerulonephritis

inflammation of the glomeruli of the kidney

anuria

no urine formation:supression

dysuria

painful urination

hematuria

blood in the urine

oliguria

decreased urine

proteinuria

excessive amounts of protein in the urine

pyuria

pus in the urine

epispadias

congenital opening of the meatus on the dorsum (top side) of the penis

hypospadias

opening of the meatus on the ventral (underside) of the penis

episiotomy

cutting the vulva

hysterectomy

cutting into the uterous

tubal ligation

a sterilization procedure with women, a surgical sterilization procedure in which the fallopian tubes are sealed or cut to prevent sperm from reaching a mature ovum

amenorrhea

no menstration

dysmenorrhea

painful menstration

endometriosis

endometrial tissue that is found at sites other that the uterus

endometrium

inner wall of the uterous

oocyte

egg cell

hernia

profusion or displacement of an organ through a structure that normally contains it

uria

urine;urination

phagia

eating; swallowing

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