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List the personal characteristics that cause a person to perform an unsafe act, or to overlook or tolerate an unsafe condition.

Inattentiveness, excitability, impatience, and stubbornness

What should be accomplished after any maintenance action?

Police the area and leave it in a clean and orderly condition

Failure to clean up drips and spills can cause what dangers?

Slips and falls

List the principles of ORM.

Accept no unnecessary risk; make risk decisions at the appropriate level to establish clear accountability;
accept risk when benefits outweigh the costs; and integrate ORM into AF doctrine and planning at all
levels

What's considered to be the direct cause of many accidents?

Unsafe acts and conditions

What is called a practical joke, but is a major cause of accidents?

Horseplay

What precaution should be taken when wearing metal-framed eyeglasses around an energized
electrical circuit?

Secure them with a head or neckband

What type of protective clothing do you wear while working around hot exhaust or tailpipes?

Gloves and long-sleeve shirts

What position do you assume to lift an object from a level lower than your waist?

Squat with back straight; use legs to exert force

What are the four major phases of safety training?

(1) Initial.
(2) Supervisor safety.
(3) Job safety.
(4) General

Why must supervisors be given formal safety training?

So they have a working knowledge of the fundamentals of accident prevention, and accident prevention
know how

Name the two most frequent methods used in job safety training.

(1) Personal interviews by the supervisor.
(2) Stand-up talks

When should you replace cracked or broken tools?

Immediately.

How can you do your part in preventing fires in all maintenance areas?

Don't allow oily rags to accumulate, obey NO SMOKING signs, never put matches/cigarettes in
wastebaskets, never allow your clothing to become saturated with flammables, and don't store flammables
in open containers

What must be considered to make a sealant effective?

Correct sealant be used for the specific area, and applied correctly

What TOs cover sealants, solvents, and adhesives?

TOs 42A3-1-2 and 1-1-691

Sealants are packaged and available in what general U/Is?

Two-part can kit, semkit cartridge, and premixed and frozen

What is the sealant application life?

The length of time a mixed sealing compound remains usable at 75°F and 50 percent relative humidity

What is the purpose of solvents?

Dissolve oily and greasy soils so they can be easily wiped away or absorbed on a cloth

List three sources of antenna radiation

(1) High-frequency radio transmitters.
(2) Radar.
(3) Electronic countermeasure devices

What are the effects of antenna radiation on the human body and vital organs?

May cause burns beneath the skin, cataracts in the eyes, and internal organ damage as a result of heat
produced as energy is absorbed into tissues.

Briefly describe the hazards associated with an overheated brake assembly.

Blowout or fire.

From what direction do you approach an aircraft with overheated brakes?

From the aircraft's nose or tail direction—never in line with the axles

List the major danger areas around an operating jet engine.

Engine intake, exhaust, and turbine plane of rotation

What's normally considered a safe distance from an operating jet engine intake?

25 feet to the front and sides

What is normally considered a safe distance to the rear of the engine exhaust?

200 feet

Why is the plane of rotation of the engine turbine wheel considered dangerous?

If the turbine wheel disintegrates while you're in the plane of rotation, there's a good chance you'll have
serious or fatal injuries

In addition to earplugs, what protective device do you wear when working in high-intensity noise
areas?

Headset or ear defenders

What references provide guidance for servicing operations?

AFOSHSTD 91-series, TO 00-25-172, and specific aircraft TOs

During fuel servicing, what are three things of importance to keep in mind?

(1) Ensure you use the right grade fuel.
(2) Protect yourself from health hazards.
(3) Prevent fires and explosions

What can result from prolonged fuel saturation on your skin?

Skin can become irritated and it could progress to a severe rash

Why is it important to inspect fire extinguisher seals?

To ensure the extinguisher wasn't previously discharged

What TO(s) lists criteria for positioning fire extinguishers?

00-25-172 and aircraft-specific

What's the minimum safe distance for operating ground power equipment during oxygen
servicing?

50 feet

During LOX servicing, what should you do if a control valve becomes clogged with ice?

Thaw it with water

What device is used to help prevent overpressurization of an aircraft component during
pneumatic servicing?

Pressure regulator

Why do many job guides list nitrogen as the preferred choice for servicing compressed gas
components?

Because of nitrogen's inert qualities

When servicing aircraft hydraulic systems, what three measures should you take to prevent
contaminating the aircraft systems?

(1) When servicing with cans or drums ensure cleanliness and product integrity are maintained.
(2) Keep products clearly identified and segregated.
(3) Carefully read all labels before dispensing

What references contain information about ground handling?

Specific aircraft TO, AFI 11-218, TO 00-25-172, and AFOSHSTD 91-100

Where do most aircraft-specific TOs list safe for maintenance precautions?

In the first couple steps of the task

Preparations for aircraft launch include what?

Checking the aircraft forms and obtaining all required AGE

After launch, what tasks are accomplished by the ground controller after the aircraft taxis?

Police the parking area and prepare the AGE for pickup

During recovery, wing walkers are necessary under what conditions?

When taxiing thru congested areas

Why should an aircraft be moved in a straight line for five feet after a turn?

To relieve the loads on the main landing gear

As a general rule, where should you be positioned for marshalling your aircraft?

In front of the aircraft and to the left of the pilot

When is a safety observer positioned by a parked aircraft?

When any portion of the aircraft extends into an active taxiway

When mooring an aircraft, how do you position the aircraft in relation to the wind?

Head the aircraft into prevailing winds

What are the usual causes of towing accidents?

Inexperienced personnel and failure to follow correct towing procedures

What's the minimum number of tow crew members?

Three

During towing, why do you start and stop all movements slowly?

Sudden starts and stops may break rivets, bolts, tubing and aircraft structural members

What should be done before towing an aircraft across an active taxiway?

Get clearance from the control tower

What TO sets down the basic rules for grounding of aircraft, besides your aircraft -2 TO?

00-25-172

What are some of the reasons for jacking an aircraft?

To weigh the aircraft, change a landing gear or gear component, repair a landing gear or gear component,
perform a retraction check, or change a tire or brake

What jacking accessory prevents damage to the aircraft structure and is positioned under
reinforced areas of the aircraft?

Jack pads

If the aircraft TO doesn't establish it, what's the maximum wind velocity for a jacking operation?

15 mph

When is deicing accomplished?

Once snow, ice, or frost has already accumulated on the aircraft

What is the damaging action of sand and dust?

Their abrasive qualities damage actuators, valves, and other moving parts on the aircraft

What's the preferred method of raising a downed aircraft?

Jacking

How much weight is the F-2 lifting bag designed to lift and how high?

24,000 pounds; six feet maximum

To overcome the instability of lifting bags, what should you add?

Additional shoring to other points of the aircraft as it is raised

What is a major limitation in using the crane lifting method?

Whether or not the crane can actually get to the crash site

What makes up a TO library?

One or more current TOs with all changes, revisions, and supplements maintained on a continuing basis, or
a special-purpose library that might contain noncurrent TOs.

Where would you find a transient aircraft library?

On bases where it's common to service or perform organizational- or intermediate-level maintenance on
aircraft not normally assigned to the base.

What information is required on a TO binder?

Binder number and the contents of the binder

What group of a TO number tells you the type of TO?

Third group.

What are the functions of groups four through six of a TO number?

They further subdivide the TO into system and sub-systems as applicable.

What's the purpose of the LOAP?

Provides a listing of all TOs that apply to a specific weapon or system.

What is the JCALS system?

An automated information system that provides the hardware and software infrastructure for managing
technical manuals throughout the DOD.

What are the four major types of TOs?

(1) Technical manuals.
(2) Abbreviated TOs.
(3) TCTOs.
(4) MPTOs

Describe the types of information found in technical manuals

Instructions pertaining to operation, service, maintenance, inspection of complex weapon systems, and
overhaul of component parts.

How are the columns in section I of the TS manual labeled?

Trouble, Probable Cause, and Remedy

What schematic diagrams are included in section II of the TS manual?

Schematics of each related system for that TO

Name three types of abbreviated TOs.

(1) CLs.
(2) WCs.
(3) Charts

Why does the Air Force use abbreviated TOs?

To simplify use

What are some examples of abbreviated CLs?

Aircraft towing, aircraft jacking, oxygen servicing, refuel and defuel, and engine run

What type of TO lists minimum inspection requirements?

WCs

What are the five types of TCTOs covered in the text?

(1) Immediate action.
(2) Urgent action.
(3) Routine action.
(4) Record.
(5) Interim

Which type of TCTO has red Xs around the first page?

Immediate action

What type of TCTO is issued for a potentially hazardous condition that could result in injury to
personnel or damage to property?

Urgent action

Which TCTO is issued for having a reduced tactical or support utility status?

Routine action

Which TCTO doesn't list step-by-step procedures?

Record

How are ITCTOs issued?

By electronic means

When does an MPTO become effective?

On the date received (unless otherwise specified).

What form is used for TO improvement reporting?

AFTO IMT 22

What are the three classifications of TO improvement reports?

(1) Emergency.
(2) Urgent.
(3) Routine

When are emergency TO improvement reports submitted?

When fatality, serious injury, extensive damage, or destruction of equipment or property results, or if it
affects the ability to achieve or maintain an operational posture

What type of improvement report is submitted if safety could be jeopardized?

Urgent.

What type of report is for TO deficiencies and is processed within 45 days?

Routine

What are the two categories of publications?

(1) Directive.
(2) Nondirective

What type of publication does not list procedures or detailed "how-to" instructions?

PDs

What type of publication is used to direct action and ensure compliance across the Air Force?

Instruction

Which type of directive publication has two categories--departmental and field level?

Manuals.

What is the purpose of an OI?

To assign responsibility, direct actions, and prescribe procedures

What is a nondirective publication that can be permanent, and its purpose is to explain or instruct.

VA

Where can you find a listing of current AF manuals, pamphlets, instructions, and VAs on-line?

Air Force's E-publishing website

What is the basic function of maintenance?

To ensure assigned aircraft and equipment are safe, serviceable, and properly configured to meet mission needs

What does the degree of maintenance capability depend on?

Mission requirements, economics of repair, transportation limitations, component reliability, workload
agreements, facility requirements, frequency of tasks, and special training required

What are the two basic types of maintenance performed at unit level?

(1) On-equipment.
(2) Off-equipment.

What does preventive maintenance ensure equipment will be?

Is ready and available when it is needed

What TO describes preventative maintenance concepts?

00-20-1.

What happens to personnel who fail to maintain proper maintenance discipline?

They are held accountable

What happens to personnel who fail to maintain proper maintenance discipline?

Being held liable and answering for all maintenance you perform on Government equipment

Describe a dropped object as it relates to aircraft operations.

Any aircraft part, component, surface, or other item lost during aircrew operations, unless intentionally
jettisoned, from engine start to engine shutdown.

Who must develop a DOPP?

All units that fly, service, or maintain aircraft

Incidents must be investigated as soon as they are discovered, normally by whom?

QA.

Why should AF personnel be so concerned about FOD?

The damage it causes translates into the loss of resources, money, or, in a worse case scenario, someone's
life

What can happen when loose objects are blown or washed onto the runway?

An aircraft engine can ingest them into its intake

Who is tasked with the overall responsibility for the FOD prevention program?

WG/CV

Who is responsible for preventing FOD by looking for and removing hazards?

Everyone

What must all workers account for at the beginning and end of each maintenance action?

Their tools

What should you do when an item is lost on an aircraft in an area that might cause damage, and can't be located?

Immediately place a red "X" symbol in the AFTO Form 781A and an entry describing the situation; then,
you must conduct a search for the lost item

What should you wear when you are required to physically enter an intake or exhaust?

Pocketless coveralls

To whom should you report damaged paving in aircraft parking areas and taxiways for immediate repair?

Base airfield manager

List three processes of the MDD system.

(1) Collection.
(2) Storage.
(3) Retrieval

What off-base agencies use the information provided through MDD?

AFMEA, MAJCOMs, and the DOD

On base, which individuals receive MDD information feedback?

Base managers and supervisors

In which command are personnel responsible for the overall material management of AF systems and equipment?

AFMC

What does ACM provide unit managers the capability to determine?

Actual versus approved configuration of an aircraft

What is the IMDS designed to give managers?

Visibility and control of resources at unit level

Who is responsible for the IMDS' operation?

The host database manager

Why are preventive maintenance schedules entered in the IMDS?

To track and report completion, deviation, or rescheduling actions

What IMDS subsystem provides information about jobs performed by maintenance activities?

JDD

What is the purpose of the initial evaluation?

To determine, specifically, what tasks the individual is qualified to do or cannot do

What is your responsibility in cases where a newcomer is qualified on a task required for the new work center?

Re-verify their qualifications to ensure they are still proficient to perform that task.

What is the purpose of a GAS?

Enables you to tell the schoolhouse how they are doing

Where should the AF Form 623 be maintained?

The lowest level of supervision having storage facilities to enable the supervisor, trainer, trainee and any
others in the chain of command immediate access, to include the UTM, upon request.

What is a CFETP?

A comprehensive education and training document that identifies life-cycle education and training
requirements, training support resources, and minimum core task requirements for an entire AFS.

What type of information is found in Part I of the CFETP?

Information necessary for overall management of the specialty.

In what part and section of the CFETP do you find information that identifies the duties, tasks, and technical references to support training?

Part II, section A.

In what two TO series do you find information about nonpowered AGE?

(1) 35.
(2) 37.

What must be accomplished prior to using AGE?

A pre-use inspection.

What AFTO forms are used to document AGE discrepancies and corrective actions?

244 and 245.

What are the basic parts of a maintenance stand?

A base assembly, upper structure assembly, platform assembly, and, on most stands, hydraulic system.

What are two uses of the C-1 stand?

(1) Independently.
(2) As an extension for the B-1 or B-2 stand.

How is the height of the platform adjusted on the B-1 maintenance stand?

By the extension and retraction of a hydraulic cylinder assembly.

Which maintenance stand is best suited for performing maintenance and inspections on the vertical stabilizer and rudder?

The B-2

What is the adjustable height of a B-4 maintenance platform?

3′ - 7′

What should you ensure prior to standing on the ladder of a scissors-type maintenance stand?

The safety pins are installed

What is the height adjustment and maximum load on a B-5 maintenance stand?

7′ - 12′; 600 pounds

What should you do with the wheels of a B-4 or B-5 maintenance stand before towing?

Lock the rear casters in the towing position to prevent swiveling

Describe what the two hand pumps are designed to do in a hydromechanical jack?

(1) The larger pump is used to raise the plunger at a higher speed to meet the load.
(2) The smaller pump allows for greater ease of lift with a full load engaged.

How is the speed of lowering a jack controlled?

By the amount the release valve is opened

What procedures are tripod jacks generally used for?

Weighing the aircraft; changing a landing gear or gear component; repairing a landing gear or gear
component; or performing a landing gear retraction check

What are some of the uses of the axle jack?

A tire change, brake change, or wheel/bearing inspection and lubrication.

Aircraft oxygen systems are serviced with what two types of oxygen?

(1) Gaseous.
(2) Liquid

What are the properties of LOX?

Pale blue, water-like substance that flows readily; it boils at -297°F and expands to 860 times its original
volume when warmed to a gaseous state

How much LOX does the TMU-27/M LOX mobile storage tank hold?

50 gallons.

What is the pressure gage range on a TMU-27/M LOX mobile storage tank?

0 - 100 psi

On the TMU-27/M LOX mobile storage tank, what position should the pressure buildup valve be in?

Closed, except when building up tank pressure

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