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Final Exam

Which meter would most likely be associated with a march?

Duple

A texture in which a single voice takes over the melodic interest while accompanying voices are subordinate is called

Homophony

The deliberate shifting of the accent to a weak beat or an offbeat is called:

Syncopation

The resting place at the end of a phrase is called:

Cadence

The first note of the scale is called the:

Tonic

The gradual swelling of the volume of music is called:

crescendo

The term a cappella refers to choral music performed:

Without Accompaniment

Te instruments of the Western orchestra are categorized in four groups:

strings, brass, percussion and woodwinds

Which tonality would most likely be chosen for a triumphal march?

Major

The percussion family is comprised of a variety of instruments that are made to sound by:

Striking and Shaking

The patriotic song America "My country tis of thee" is an example of:

Triple Meter

The quality of sound that distinguishes one instrument from another is

Timbre

How many notes make up a pentatonic scale

Five

When two or more independent melodic lines are combined, the resulting texture is called

polyphony

Which element of music is measured in decibles

volume

Should a composer write a film score to a horror movie, one might reasonably expect that the harmony would include a great deal of:

Dissonance

The first accented beat of a measure is called:

A downbeat

How do idiophones produce sound?

by shaking, scraping or striking the instrument itself

A succession of single tones or pitches perceived as a unit is called:

a melody

Which brass instrument uses a large, movable U-shaped slide to change notes?

trombone

The element that describes the musical fabric, or the relationship of musical lines within a work is called:

texture

A combination of three or more tones that constitutes a single block of harmony is called:

a chord

The distance between two pitches is called:

an interval

The soprano brass instrument sometimes described as possessig a BRILLIANT timbre is the

Trumpet

The distance between the highest and lowest tones of a melody is called:

the range

The expressive device used by Renaissance composers to pictorialize words musically is called:

Word painting

A highly emotional song in an opera is called:

an aria

Th orchestral introduction heard at the beginning of the opera:

overture

The vocal style in opera that imitates the natural inflections of speech is called:

recitative

An end-blown flute with a breathy toe is called:

Recorder

_______ is traditionally associated with collecting the chants of the church.

Pope Gregory

The portion of the Mass that remains the same in every celebration of the service is called:

The Ordinary

Who was a leader in the Protestant Reformation

Martin Luther

The French courtly love song of the Middle Ages was called the

Channson

Where was the first madrigal developed

Italy

Which genre of vocal music was NOT used in Renaissance church services?

Chansons

In Germany, aristocratic poet-musicians were called:

Minnesingers

A setting of Gregorian chant with one note per syllable is called:

Syllabic

What is a cantus firmus?

A fragment of Gregorian chant or a secular tune used as the foundation of a polyphonic Mass.

What best describes the texture of the ideal Renaissance sacred music?

Imitative

Which of the following would be considered an appropriate outdoor instrument?

shawm

Which of the following was the most important secular genre of the sixteenth century?

Madrigal

Medieval instruments can be classified as bas or haut, meaning:

Soft or loud

Which of the following was NOT a recommendation of the Council of Trent

To use instruments to embellish church music

Which of the following does not characterize Gregorian chant?

Triadic Harmonies

Which best describes the character of Farmer's Fair Phyllis (from your listening"?

pastoral and light

The early poolyphonic genre that resulted from the addition of texts to all voices was called:

Motet

A drama that is sung is called:

an Opera

The standard ranges of the human voice from highest to lowest are:

soprano,alto, tenor, bass

Music is propelled forward in time by:

rhythm

Te degree of loudness or softness, or volume, at which music is played is called:

dynamics

The technique through which performers create music on the spot is known as:

improvisation

Woodwind instruments:

all have a pipe with holes

Instruments that produce sound by using air as the vibrating means are called:

aerophones

What quality of a work of art refers to it structure or shape?

Form

Organizing patterns of rhythmic pulses are called:

meters

The rate of speed at which a piece of music is played is its:

tempo

Of the following, which is a pitched percussing instrument

xylophone

Dido sings her famous lament n Purcell's opera Dido and Aeneas just prior to:

Killing herself

A setting of Gregorian chant with two to four notes per syllable might be

neumatic

The text of an opera is called the:

libretto

Of the following, which woman was a religious leader and a prominent figure in literature and music?

Hildegard of Bingen

The earliest type of polyphony was:

Organum

Which of the following was Not subject reflected in the poems of troubadours and trouvere?

The rebirth of classical learning

The medieval ancestor of the modern trombone is the:

sakbut

In opera, the lyric melodies that release emotion are called recitatives.

False

__________was born in Germany and studied in Italy, but sent much of his creative life in England.

Handel

The famous choral climax in Part II of Handel's Messiah is

Hallelujah Course

Lully was the leading composer of opera in France

True

What is the principal element of a fugue?

Counterpoint

The earliest operas took their plots from:

Greek Mythology

In the field of keyboard music, Bach's most important collection was:

The well-tempered clavier

Te solo instrument in the Spring, from the Four Seasons is:

Violin

A concerto based on the opposition of small and large groups of instrumental music was the:

Baroque

Who was the greatest and most prolific Italian composer of concertos?

Vivaldi

Chorales were intender to be sung by a trained choir.

False

A cantata must be written on a religious or sacred theme

False

Bach was most famous in his day as a performer on:

Organ

Which of the following was Not an important keyboard instrument in the Baroque?

Piano

Who composed the Brandenburg Concertos?

Bach

The sacred cantata was an integral part of the:

Lutheran Church Service

Of the following wind instruments, which was not made of wood?

Trumpet

Vivaldi was known as "the red priest" for:

The color of his hair

The sonata de camera of the Baroque was intended for

be performed at home.

Why is the music for Handel's Water Music marked by lively rhythms and catchy melodies

It was performed outdoors on barges

How many players are generally necessary to perform a trio sonata?

4

Which of the following does NOT characterize an oratorio?

elaborate scenery

The dominant instrument in Mouret's Rondeau is:

trumpet

Who is best viewed as the first master of opera?

Monteverdi

The Hallelujah Chorus is the climax of the Christmas section of the Messiah:

False

A piano trio consists of:

Piano, Violin and Cello

Quick crescendos and the four-movement cycle in symphonies were developed in

Manneheim

The number of players in a Classical orchestra was typically"

30-40

Which of the following best describes the opening idea of Beethoven's Symphony No. 5?

a four note motive

WHich composer rebelled against the patronage system and struggled to achieve financial independence?

Mozart

How many symphonies did Beethoven write?

9

The patronage system failed to support Haydn, and he was forced to live by teaching and performing

False

A musical setting of the Mass for the Dead is called a:

Requiem

The most important instrumental genre of the Classical period is:

Symphony

A short repeated musical pattern is called:

ostinato

Who was Haydn's principal patron?

Prince Esterhazy

A string quartet consists of

Violin, Violin, Viola, Cello

Mozart dies while composing

Requiem

The three main sections of sonata-allegro form are the exposition,development, and:

Recapitulation

Using material from an earlier movement in a symphony is called:

Cyclical form

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