Music 2

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Study guide for final

-Piano Violin and Cello

*A piano trio consists of:

Manneheim

*Quick crescendos and the four-movement cycle in symphonies were developed in:

30-40

*The number of players in a Classical orchestra was typically:

a four note motive

*Which of the following best describes the opening idea of Beethoven's Symphony No. 5?

Mozart

*Which composer rebelled against the patronage system and struggled to achieve financial independence?

9

*How many symphonies did Beethoven compose?

False

*The patronage system failed to support Haydn, and he was forced to live by teaching and performing?

Requiem

*A musical setting of the Mass for the Dead is called a:

Symphony

*The most important instrumental genre of the Classical period is:

ostinato

*A short repeated musical pattern is called:

Prince Esterhazy

*Who was Haydn's principal patron?

Violin, Violin, Viola, Cello

*A string quartet consists of:

Requiem

*Mozart dies while composing:

Recapitulation

*The three main sections of sonata-allegro form are the exposition, development, and:

Cyclical Form

*Using material from an earlier movement in a symphony is called:

Symphony no 9

*Which work by Beethoven is called the Choral Symphony?

Deafness

*Beethoven suffered perhaps the most traumatic of all maladies for a musician. What was it?-

Motives

*A theme may be fragmented by dividing it into smaller units called:

Music without a story

*Which of the following best describes absolute music?-

Chamber music

*Music for a small ensemble of two to about ten players with one player to a part is called:-

French revolution

*Beethoven belonged to a generation of artists who were influenced by the full impact of:-

True

*Mozart's melodies are simple, elegant, and songful.

the orchestra

*The typical first movement of a Classical concerto begins with-

Bach

*Of the following, who is NOT a major composer of string quartets?-

False

*Mozart is known only as a composer of instrumental music

A musical idea that is used as a building block

*In musical composition, a theme is:-

the most gifted child prodigy in the history of music

*Mozart is remembered today as:-

Strings

*In the Classical orchestra, which group of instruments serves as the ensemble's nucleus?

Vienna

*Haydn served as a choirboy in:

Explosive and Independent

*Beethoven's temperament could be best described as:-

It ends with harmonic resolution

*Which of the following does NOT describe Schumann's "In the lovely month of May"?-

Louis Moreau Gottschalk

*Who was the first internationally acclaimed American composer of classical music?

Smetana's finest achievement in orchestral music

*The Moldau represents:

Love, longing and nature

*The favorite subjects for the Romantic poets were:

A song cycle

*A group of Lieder unified by some narrative thread or a descriptive or expressive theme is called:-

The song

*The short, lyric piano piece is the instrumental equivalent of:-

A second keyboard was added

*Which of the following was NOT a technical improvement in the nineteenth-century piano?

Short lyric piano pieces

*Titles such as Prelude, Impromptu, and Intermezzo are used for:

She was a woman

*Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel was discouraged from pursuing a career as a composer because:

Concerto

*Which of the following is NOT a type of orchestral program music?-

Lied

*The German term for art song is:-

Through-composed

*A song structure that is composed from beginning to end without repetition of whole sections is called:

Poland

*Chopin in considered to be the national composer of:

Piano

*The most important keyboard instrument of the Romantic period was the:-

In an asylum, the result of mental illness

*Robert Schumann ended his career and life:

Camptown Races

*The familiar tune heard at the end of The Banjo is:-

Strophic

*A song form in which the same melody is repeated with every stanza of text is called:-

His range and dissonance

*Which musical devices help to portray the child's terror in Erlking?

Borrowed time

*The term tempo rubato means:-

Paris

*Chopin spent most of his productive life in:-

The galloping of a horse

*In Schubert's Erlking, the obsessive triplet rhythm of the piano represents:-

String quartet in B-flat major

*Which of the following compositions is LEAST likely to be an example of program music?-

It relies on traditional forms

*Which of the following is NOT characteristic of Berlioz's music?-

The United States

*Dvorak composed his New World Symphony while living in:

Wagner

*Which composer has been considered to be the single most important phenomenon in the artistic life of the latter half of the nineteenth century?

Bizet

*What French composer wrote Carmen?

Opera Buffa

*Italian comic opera is called:-

It opens with a flute solo in a velvety low register

*What is unusual about the opening of Debussy's Prelude to "The Afternoon of a Faun"?-

Claude Debussy

*Impressionism in music is best exemplified by the works of:

Verismo

*The late-Romantic Italian opera tradition was characterized by a movement toward realism called:

The first movement of Dvorak's New World Symphony

*The melody of the African-American spiritual Swing Low, Sweet Chariot is suggested by the third theme in:-

Clara Schumann

*Brahms maintained a lifelong close relationship with:-

Bayreuth

*A special theater was built at ________ for the presentation of Wagner's music dramas.-

Schubert

*Of the following, who did NOT write a major concerto in the Romantic Era?

Bach

*Felix Mendelssohn played an important role in the revival of music by which Baroque composer?-

Rossini

*Who composed The Barber of Seville and the overture to William Tell?-

Java

*Debussy was highly influenced by the sounds of the gamelan from:-

She sacrificed her career for her family until her husband died

*Of the following, which describes Clara Schumann's balance between family and career?-

Wagner

*What composer's musical language was based on chromatic harmony?-

a style of singing that features agility and purity of tone

*The term bel canto refers to:

The nutcracker

*Tchaikovsky's fanciful ballet about a child's Christmas gift and dreams of exotic people and places is:-

The aristocratic palace to the public concert hall

*By the Romantic Era, concerts had moved from:

Traditionalist

*Brahms is often described as a(n) ____________, because of his use of forms of the Classical masters.-

Piano

*Clara Schumann was a virtuoso performer on:-

4

*Brahms composed _____ symphonies-

a cadenza

*A fanciful solo passage in an improvisational style that is interpolated into a concerto movement is called:-

true

*The Impressionists turned to the open intervals and church modes of medieval music for inspiration.-

fast, slow, dance, fast

*The scheme of a traditional symphony is:

spiritual

*While teaching in America, the Bohemian composer Antonin Dvorak developed a particular fondness for:-

It is not concerned with pagan rituals

*Which of the following is true of Schoenberg's Pierrot lunaire?-

4'33"

*Which work by John Cage has no musical content and can be performed by anyone on any instrument?

Stravinsky

*Of the following, who was the Russian-born composer that wrote post-Impressionist, primitivist, Neoclassical, and serial styles?-

Disregarding the basic metrical pattern of the past

*The element of rhythm in 20th century music is best characterized as:

Sousa

*America's greatest bandmaster is:

John Cage

*Who invented the prepared piano?

Diaghilev

*Who was the Paris-based Russian ballet impresario that commissioned Stravinsky to write ballets?

Barktok

*What Hungarian composer combined native folk music characteristics with main currents of European music?-

Harmony

*The element that most decisively separated 20th century music from that of the past was:-

Big Band

*What kind of jazz is Duke Ellington known for?-

Minimalist

*Music that features the repetition, with little variation, of melodic, rhythmic, and harmonic patterns is known as:

The Nazis

*The "interruption" in Bartok's Interrupted Intermezzo represents:-

A tone row

*The arrangement of tones in 12 tone music is called:-

Klangfarbenmelodie

*Schoenberg experimented with tone-color melody, or shifting each note of a melody to a different instrument. He called this:-Klangfarbenmelodie

Sprechstimme

*Schoenberg created a new style in which vocal melodies were spoken rather than sung with exact pitches and rhythms. This was known as:-

The musical

*What is considered to be America's unique contribution to theater?-

particularly innovative

*Bartok's use of rhythm was:

revolutionized composition in the twentieth century

*The 12 tone method:.

Titanic

*Which of the following film scores was not composed by John Williams?-

Trumpet

*Which instrument did Louis Armstrong play?-

Schoenberg

*The composer most closely associated with 12 tone music is:-

Romeo and Juliet

*West-Side Story is a modern-day musical setting of Shakespeare's:-

Scat singing

*A style of jazz singing that sets syllables without meaning to an improvised vocal line is known as:-

Porgy and Bess

*What American folk opera by George Gershwin was far ahead of its time?

A wedding in the appalachains

*Copland's Appalachian Spring depicts;-

Tod Machover

*Which composer developed an electronic glove for playing the cello?-

A near riot

*The Rite of Spring opened in Paris in 1913 to:

The United States

*Stravinsky immigrated to _______ just before World War II.

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