a vote that blocks a decision
Powers that exist for the national govt b/c the govt is sovereign
A decree with the force of law by not requiring legislative approval.
Executive office of President
Close personal advisers that include White House staff, the national security adviser, the chief of staff, and members of various policy councils.
What two states divide votes between majority/popular?
Main & Nebraska
Presidential appointees to the major administrative units of the executive branch.
the commission that is given to a government and its policies through an electoral victory
Defines power of judicial branch
(National Security Council) a committee in the executive branch of government that advises the president on foreign and military and national security
Lists presidential duties, requirements, and responsibilities.
1) be 35
2) be a natural born citizen
3) have lived in the US for the last 14 years.
Allowed only 2 terms for a president. 2 sets of 4 years, with a max of 10 years.
In 1984 she was the first woman to appear on a major-party presidential ticket. She was a congresswoman running for Vice President with Walter Modale.
Governors-> Presidents (20)
Come with restrictions. President can ONLY use a certain amount for a campaign (used by McCain).
Have not limits (used by Obama)
Pay/Benefits of President
In 1789, President got $25,000. In 1999-2001, got $400,000. This number cannot go up or down during election year.
J. F. Kennedy (43)
Which president served a 3rd/4th term?
Chief of Party
One of the "presidential hats". He is the head of his party.
How many years can a president serve?
Who pushed for a 6yr term ?
LBJ and Carter
ANY TIME the president in incapacitated, the Presidency goes to the VP.
Presidential Succession Act
Allowed for the speaker of the house to take over as president if there is no VP.
Presidential Succession Order
President Pro Tempore
Sec. of State
15 Cabinet members in order
25th Amendment: ANY TIME the president in incapacitated, the Presidency goes to the VP.
Chief of State
One of the "presidential hats". Ceremonial head of government.
One of the "presidential hats". The president as vested with the executive power of the united states
One of the "presidential hats". Designs American foreign policy.
Foreign policy position advanced by Bush, asserting the government's right to authorize preemptive attacks against potential aggressors.
Commander in Chief
One of the "presidential hats". In charge of armed forces.
5 wars congress declared
Which presidents impeached/resigned?
IMPEACHED: Johnson, Clinton (1/2)
One of the "presidential hats". He is the main person in constructing policy and making the agendas.
One of the "presidential hats". He represents all of us.
Practice of awarding all of a state's electoral votes to the candidate who wins a plurality of the popular vote in presidential contests.
The assemblage of state electors constitutionally charged with electing the president.
What state gives electoral votes to popular vote?
(Office of Management and Budget) the executive agency that advises the President on the federal budget
Who is the inner cabinet?
Term applied to leaders from the Dep. of State, Defense, Treasury, and Justice with whom the president meets more frequently that other cabinet officials.
Who is the presidents closest advisor?
national security adviser, the chief of staff, and members of various policy councils.
Personal traits of President
Traits that do not make a good president
appointments made by the president, especially cabinet members
2 main duties of VP
Leader of Senate,
Which presidents received the popular vote/not electoral vote?
How many electoral votes needed to win presidency?
270 out of 538
"social safety net"
basic social security programs needed to support family life
Social Security Act of 1935
Established Social Security.
Supplemental Security Income. Allows you to get extra money by having a life-changing disorder.
AFDC/TANF (Aid to Families with Dependent Children,
Temporary Assistance to Needy Families)
Food stamps/SNAP (Supplimental Nutritian Assistance Program)
CHIP/SCHIP ([State] Children's' Insurance Program)
WIC (Women Infants Children)
Work Force Commission (Helps you find jobs)
Medicare (senior aid)
Medicaid (young/poor aid)
governmental provision of economic assistance to persons in need
Aid to Families with Dependent Children.
Temporary Assistance to Needy Families.
Anything the government chooses to do OR NOT to do.
Steps in policymaking
1) Define problem
2) Set agenda
3) Policy formation, find possible solutions
4) Policy adoption and Implementation
*state agencies enforce
5) Policy Evaluation (was it effective?)
president; progressive politic; big areas of involvement are conservation, Sherman Anti Trust Act, and Pure food drug act (NEW DEAL)
(Environmental Protection Agency) an independent federal agency established to coordinate programs aimed at reducing pollution and protecting the environment
Clean Air Act of 1970
The law that charged the Department of Transportation with the responsibility to reduce automobile emissions.
Cap and trade
Mechanism to reduce the emission of pollutants by establishing a market for emission permits.
Meant to reduce greenhouse gasses.
CHIP/SCHIP ([State] Children's' Insurance Program)
Applies to seniors (+65).
Applies to the young and poor.
Food stamps/SNAP (Supplimental Nutritian Assistance Program)
Helps you find a job.
a government policy for maintaining economic growth and tax revenues
(Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation) a federally sponsored corporation that insures accounts in national banks and other qualified institutions
FDIC bank limit
Supply side economics
Keeping prices low. Believes tax cuts can help an economy by raising supply.
an American economist, and the current Chairman of the Federal Reserve, the central bank of the United States.
Troubled Asset Relief Program
Secretary of Treasury
Gross Domestic Product- the total market value of all final goods and services produced annually in an economy
The management of the money supply and interest rates.
***The Federal Reserve is charged with establishing this.
The central bank of the US. NOT federally controlled, so they can do whatever they want. Headed by the Sec. of Treasury, Timothy Geithner.
Who created the Federal Reserve?
What does the FED do?
Controls the money supply, supplies the economy with paper money, holds bank reserves, provides check-clearing services, supervises member banks, serves and the lender of last resort.
Reserve requirement ratio
The amount of money the Fed requires banks to keep on hand to meet their liabilities. Its size helps determine how much banks can lend.
interest on an annual basis deducted in advance on a loan
Open market operations
the purchase and sale of U.S. government bonds by the Fed
Office of Management Budget
The executive agency that advises the President on the Federal budget
The Federal Open Market Committee is the most powerful committee of the FED, because it makes the decisions that affect the economy as a whole by manipulating the money supply.
Global economic policy
the policy of imposing duties or quotas on imports in order to protect home industries from overseas competition
international trade free of government interference
North American Free Trade Agreement
World Trade Organization
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade; international trade organization ehtat encourages free trade by lowering tariffs and other trade restrictions
a United Nations agency to promote trade by increasing the exchange stability of the major currencies
the state of the economy declines
a general and progressive increase in prices
John Maynard Keyes
Economist. agreed that massive government spending could HELP a collapsing economy.
Organization created for the purpose of winning elections and governing once in office.
Where do PP comes from?
Liberal: believes the gov should regulate the economy, and have equal distribution of wealth and goods.
NEOliberal: believes the gov should have LIMITED involvement in economy and MORE involvement in social programs.
Conservative: believes the gov should have MINIMAL involvement in the economy AND social matters.
NEOconservative: believes that the gov should have MINIMAL involvement in the economy, but SOME involvement in social matters.
System of representation in which seats for office are apportioned according to proportion of votes received by candidates or parties.
Single member district
Electoral system in which the candidate receiving a plurality of votes wins the election to represent the district.
Having more votes that any other single candidate; may not constitute a majority.
Principal that asserts single-member district elections lead to 2-party systems.
State laws on political parties
Supporters of a large national bank. a member of a former political party in the United States that favored a strong centralized federal government
name given to those who were against the ratification of the Constitution. Preferred a weak central gov and farming life.
party that favored a national bank, protective tariffs and eventually the abolition of slavery
A strong party organization that maintained control by giving favors in return for votes.
A PRACTICE of providing jobs in exchange for political loyalty.
A merit-based system of employment and personal management that REPLACED PATRONAGE. Covers most white-collar and specialist positions in the federal government.
Periodic changes in party strength and position.
A falloff in electoral support for both major political parties; Weakening of partisan preferences that points to a rejection of both major parties and a rise in the number of Independents.
Signals changes in party support.
Control of the White House by one party while the opposing party controls one or both houses of Congress.
Money that is outside the federal regulatory framework but raised and spent in a manner suggesting possible intent to affect FEDERAL ELECTIONS; Contributed money to the political party as a whole.
Campaign money received by candidates or parties that can be used for ANY PURPOSE; Contributed money to a particular politician specifically.
Statement of political principles and campaign promises generated by each party at its national convention.
Legislative districts that regularly remain in the hands of the same candidate or party.
Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act
aka McCain-Feingold Act; replaced the Federal Election Campaign Act; outlawed soft money.
The geographic area served by a polling place and organized by local party units.
Minor parties that run a slate of their own candidates in opposition to major-party organizations in an election.
Political parties that are formed as offshoots of major political parties, usually by dissenters.
Minor parties organized around district ideological principals.
Single-issue or -candidate parties
Minor parties arising in electoral response to important issues not addressed by a major-party candidates or around a strong personality.
Federal Election Commission v. Wisconsin Right to Life
a case in which the Supreme Court of the United States held that issue ads may not be banned from the months preceding a primary or general election.
Citizens United v. Federal Election Comm.
a landmark decision by the Supreme Court holding that corporate funding of independent political broadcasts in candidate elections cannot be limited under the First Amendment.
Election in which voters choose candidates to represent the political parties in the general election.
Election in which voters can choose from potential nominees only within their own party.
Election in which voters can choose to vote for potential nominees from their own party or those from the other major political party.
put everyone on ballot as non-partisan. Top two go onto election.
Second election between top 2 votegetters in a race that did not produce a majority winner.
Nonpartisan blanket primaries
Election in which voters can choose from among potential nominees in both parties; currently outlawed by the US Supreme Court.
Campaign style emphasizing close personal contact between candidate and voters.
Media attention for which candidates do not pay; associated with major events like debates.
Media access for which candidates or parties must pay a fee; advertisements.
Advertising that attacks one's opponents, usually on the basis of issue stance or character.
Voting choice made on the basis of anticipated results if the candidate of choice is elected. AKA, what will he do when elected? Is that good?
Voting on the basis of the candidate's or party's record in office.
Practice of searching for events in candidates' record or personal lives that can be used to attack them during elections.
Most wars are waged when...
the president is commander in chief
Presidents have most success during...
first years of office
Which article mentions the president and outlines their duties?
The fiscal policy solution to inflation?
Reduce tax rate.
First step in policy making?
The Federal Reserve is charged with making...?
the monetary policy.
What was replaced in 1996?
Medicaid does NOT...
apply to all
FDR's greatest social policy was...
Medicare provides for...
To the Constitution, if not candidate gets a majority of the electoral college, it goes to the...
House of Rep
War Powers Act was intended to (+/-) the power of (the president/Congress) to wage war.
-, the president
Court Case ended the 2000 recount process in Florida over the election.
Bush v. Gore
The Honeymoon period is for...
Formal removal of the President though impeachment requires action by...
the House AND the Senate.
If you get food stamps, can you get WIC?
Who was the 1st female VP candidate?
The only 2 states exempt from the Unit Rule:
Main & Nebraska
Parties originated from the feud between...
Hamilton and Jefferson
Based on the judgement on PAST performances of an official.
Who warned us of factions?
Smallest level of political org?
break away from an existing party
Impeachment can only be for...
Misdemeanors, treason, or felony.
T/F: LBJ and Carter were the only ones to push for a 6 year term.
T/F: in 1951, the 22nd Amendment was made to say each President can have 4 terms.
T/F: You need 270 votes to be president