Human Immunodeficiency Virus
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
RNA virus which uses reverse transcriptase to become DNA in host cell
Anti-retrovirals/ Antiretroviral therapy/ Highly Active Anti-retroviral Therapy
A protein present on the outside of infection-fighting white blood cells. CD4 receptors allow HIV to bind to and enter cells.
In addition to binding a CD4 receptor, HIV must also bind either a CCR5 or CXCR4 co-receptor protein to get into a cell.
A type of white blood cell that detects and fights foreign invaders of the body.