Ludwig van Beethoven performs his Moonlight Sonata for the first time.
World population reaches 1 billion.
William Blake's 'The Great Red Dragon...'
Phänomenologie des Geistes, Georg Hegel
Beethoven performs his Fifth Symphony
Johann von Goethe's 'Faust part 1' published (Geu-teuh)
Jane Austen publishes Pride and Prejudice
Ivanhoe, Sir Walter Scott (S)
Théodore Géricault paints his masterpiece The Raft of the Medusa, and exhibits it in the French Salon of 1819 at the Louvre.
John Constable paints The Hay Wain.
An American sealer becomes the first man to set foot on Antarctica (outlying islands sighted by Cook a cetury previously, shown on maps since the time of Ptolemy!)
Franz Schubert begins work on his 'unfinished symphony' (B minor)
Henri de Saint-Simon (disappointed with the response to his essays) attempts suicide, remarkably shooting himself in the head six times, losing his sight in one eye.
Beethoven completes his Symphony No. 9, the last (& greatest?) of his symphonies, whose 4th movement (the 'symphony within a symphony') includes the 'Ode to Joy'.
Around this time London, with a population of 1.4 million, overtakes Beijing to become world's largest city.
Sir Robert Peel (later PM) founds the Metropolitan Police Service, the first modern police force.
Joseph Smith 'discovers' and translates the book of Mormon (written by amer-indians on golden plates) and founds 'The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints'
Frédéric Chopin (Fr/Pol) publishes the first of his nocturns, inc No. 2 in E flat major
Charles Dickens publishes Oliver Twist
Robert Schumann completes the Kinderszenen, Op. 15, inc 7, Träumerei
Felix Mendelssohn writes his Violin Concerto in E minor, Op. 64 for (+ with) Ferdinand David.
Alexandre Dumas's The Count of Monte Cristo published.
The Brontë sisters publish Jane Eyre, Wuthering Heights and Agnes Grey
Vanity Fair by William Thackeray, satirizing society in early C19 Britain
The Communist Manifesto published, Karl Marx, Friedrich Engles
The first boatloads of gold prospectors arrive in California, giving them the nickname 49ers.
Franz Liszt publishes Liebesträume, a set of three solo piano works
The Great Exhibition in London; the world's first international Expo or World's Fair.
Napoleon III names Georges Eugène Haussmann Prefect of the Seine
'Walden', Henry Thoreau (US Trancendentalist) touting civil disobedience, influences MLK, Gandhi
Florence Nightingale founds nursing school at St Thomas' Hospital in London
Mary Evan's 'Mill on the Floss'
Les Miserables, Victor Hugo
Olympia, Edouard Manet.jpg
Bahá'u'lláh, the founder of the Bahá'í Faith, first claims to be the pan-religious messiah prophesied 20 yrs earlier by an Iranian chap calling himself the "Báb". ("Gate")
"Alice's Adventures in Wonderland" published. (Charles Dodgeson)
Capital, Volume I (Das Kapital), Karl Marx
Jardin a Sainte-Adresse, Claude Monet
Leo Tolstoy's War and Peace published
Johannes Brahms (De) publishes book 1 of his Hungarian Dances
Richard Wagner's Die Walküre premieres in Munich
The Artist's Mother, by James Whistler
England play Scotland in the first ever football international; 4000 spectators turn up to watch a 0-0 draw. The FA cup is contested for the first time.
The Barge Haulers, Ilia Repin, one of the (Передви́жники) Early Russian 'social realism'.
Ballet Rehearsal, Edgar Degas
Work begins on the Sacré Coeur in Paris, that will be completed by the start of WWI
Bal du Moulin de la Galette, Pierre-Auguste Renoir
William Gilbert Grace achieves his career highest batting score of 344 for Marylebone CC v Kent
Première of Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's 'Swan Lake'
The Return of the Native, Thomas Hardy
The Brothers Karamazov, Fyodor Dostoyevsky
Morning of the Streltsi's execution, Vasily Surikov (Передви́жники)
The Sulphur Match, John Singer Sargent (US)
Boyar's Wedding Feast, Konstantin Makovsky
Robert Louis Stevenson's (S) Treasure Island published
Mark Twain publishes The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.
Woman in Bath, Edgar Degas
Completion of the Statue of Liberty
Nietzsche's 'Twilight of the Idols' and 'The Antichrist'
Rudyard Kipling's 'The Man Who Would Be King' published.
Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov composes symphonic suite 'Sheherazade'
Eiffel Tower is inaugurated in Paris.
Vincent van Gogh (N) paints Starry Night
'The Thinker' original completed, Auguste Rodin (part of his unfinished 'gates of hell')
"The Final Problem" published by Sir Arthur Conan-Doyle. Signs of a struggle at Reichenbach Falls, Sw. Holmes believed dead.
Tchaikovsky's Nutcracker Suite premières in St Petersburg
The Spirit of the Dead Keeps Watch, Paul Gaugin
Les Joueurs de Carte, Paul Cezanne
The Scream, Edvard Munch (Norwegian)
Antonín Dvořák composes the New World Symphony
Sergei Rachmaninoff (Ru) publishes Morceaux de Fantaisie, inc. prelude in C# minor.
Trial of Oscar Wilde and premiere of his play The Importance of Being Earnest
The first Summer Olympic games are held in Athens
Klondike Gold Rush in Canada
Richard Strauss composes 'Also sprach Zarathustra'
(inspired by Nietzsche's treatise)
H. G. Wells publishes The War of the Worlds
The Interpretation of Dreams, Sigmund Freud (At)
Moet & Chandon, Alphose Mucha