Legally adding land area to a city in the United States.
An urban settlement that has been legally incorporated into an independent, self-governing unit.
combined statistical area (CBA)
In the United States, two or more contiguous core based statistical areas tied together by commuting patterns.
Concentric Zone model
A model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are spatially arranged in a series of rings, created by Burgess in 1923.
core based statistical area (CBSA)
In the United States, the combination of all metropolitan statistical areas and micropolitan statistical areas.
council of government
A cooperative agency consisting of representatives of local governments in a metropolitan area in the United States.
The change in density in an urban area from the center to the periphery.
A large node of office and retail activities on the edge of an urban area.
A process of change in the use of a house, from single-family owner occupancy to abandonment.
A process of converting an urban neighborhood from a predominantly low-income renter-occupied area to a predominantly middle-class owner-occupied area.
A ring of land maintained as parks, agricultural, or other types of open space to limit the sprawl of an urban area.
metropolitan statistical area (MSA)
In the United States, a central city of at least 50,000 population, the county within which the city is located, and adjacent counties meeting one of several tests indicating a functional connection to the central city.
micropolitan statistical area
An urbanized area of between 10, 000 and 50,000 inhabitants, the county in which it is found, and adjacent counties tied to the city.
multiple nuclei model
A model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are arranged around a collection of nodes of activities, created by Harris & Ullman.
A model of North American urban areas consisting of an inner city surrounded by large suburban residential and business areas tied together by a beltway or ring road.
primary metropolitan statistical area (PMSA)
In the United States, a metropolitan statistical area exceeding 1 million population located within a consolidates metropolitan statistical area.
primary census statistical area (PCSA)
In the United States, all of the combined statistical areas plus all of the remaining metropolitan statistical areas and micropolitan statistical areas.
Housing owned by the government; in the United States, it is rented to low-income residents, and the rents are set at 30 percent of the families' incomes.
A process by which banks draw lines on a map and refuse to lend money to purchase or improve property within the boundaries.
rush (or peak) hour
The four consecutive 15-minute periods in the morning and evening with the heaviest volumes of traffic
A model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are arranged around a series of sectors, or wedges, radiating out from the central business district (CBD).
Legislation and regulations to limit suburban sprawl and preserve farmland.
social area analysis
Statistical analysis used to identify where people of similar living standards, ethnic background, and life style live within an urban area.
Development of new housing sites at relatively low density and at locations that are not contiguous to the existing built-up area.
An area within a city in a less developed country in which people illegally establish residences on land they do not own or rent and erect homemade structures.
A group in society prevented from participating in the material benefits of a more developed society because of a variety of social and economic characteristics.
Program in which cities identify blighted inner-city neighborhoods, acquire the properties from private members, relocate the residents and businesses, clear the site, build new roads and utilities, and turn the land over to private developers.
An increase in the percentage and in the number of people living in urban settlements.
In the United States, a central city plus its contiguous built-up suburbs.
A law that limits the permitted uses of land and maximum density of development in a community.
spaces of consumption
Areas of a city, the main purpose of which is to encourage people to consume goods and services' driven primarily by the global media industry.
Economic activity that is neither taxed nor monitored by a government; and is not included in that government's Gross National Product; as opposed to a formal economy
Outlined by a group of architects, urban planners, and developers from over 20 countries, an urban design that calls for development, urban revitalization, and suburban reforms that create walkable neighborhoods with a diversity of housing and jobs.
Homes bought in many American suburbs with the intent of tearing them down and replacing them with much larger homes often referred to as McMansions.
transformation of an area of a city into an area attractive to residents and tourists alike in terms of economic activity
Legal restrictions on land use that determine what types of building and economic activities are allowed to take place in certain areas. In the United States, areas are most commonly divided into separate zones of residential, retail, or industrial use.
Unplanned slum development on the margins of cities, dominated by crude dwellings and shelters made mostly of scrap wood, iron, and even pieces of cardboard.
Developed by geographer T.G. McGee, a model showing similar land-use patterns among the medium-sized cities of Southeast Asia.
The division of a city into different regions or zones (residential or industrial) for certain purposes or functions (housing or manufacturing)
The study of the physical form and structure of urban places.
the division of large numbers of people into layers according to their relative power, property, and prestige; applies to both nations and to people within a nation, society, or other group
a regional boundary, set in an attempt to control urban sprawl by mandating that the area inside the boundary be used for higher density urban development and the area outside be used for lower density development.
The use of land within a built-up area for further construction. Large part of community redevelopment. Focuses on the reuse and repositioning of obsolete or underutilized buildings and site
When housing tracts jump over parcels of farmland resulting in a mixture of open lands with built-up areas.
Transportation system designed to move large numbers of people along fixed routes
A single government that controls and administers public policy in a central city and its surrounding suburbs.
Single Planned Development designed for multiple use (residential, retail, industrial) to minimize travel to CBD
an exchange that occurs as a compromise
The ring of small towns and suburbs that surround a big city.
A spatial generalization of the large, late-twentieth-century city in the United States. It is shown to be a widely dispersed, multicentered metropolis consisting of increasingly independent zones or realms, each focused on its own suburban downtown; the only exception is the shrunken central realm, which is focused on the Central Business District (CBD).
An urban design concept characterized by medium density, development, mixed use zoning, available public transit, with an emphasis on urban design. The goal of an urban village is to facilitate strong community interaction and self-containment. Residents often have the same ethnic and/or cultural background.
an agreement that gives each party something they want