Health Semester Exam

86 terms by ashleydominiq

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belief

the appraisal of the relationship between some object and idea

preventive/protective

healthy eating habits, adequate sleep, weight management

behavior control

involves the ability to take concrete action to reduce risks to your health

reinforcing factors

money, popularity, and family support

intensions

products of attitudes and beliefs of what others may want you to do

sick role

receiving treatment from a health care providers

behavior

something we do to refrain from doing consciously/ involuntary

attitude

stable set of beliefs, feeling and tendencies to something or someone

personal control

the ability to make decisions and take effective actions to produce healthful outcomes

overload

feelings of over stimulation by the demand of us

automony

ability of care for oneself emotionally, physically, and socially

epinephrine

adrenaline;a hormone secreted by adrenal glands

PNS

bring stress arousal phase under control

OCD

D/O characterized by obsessive thoughts or habituals behavior; uncontrollable

simple phobias

fear of animals, heights, flying etc

environmental factors

floods, earthquakes, hurricanes, and forest fires

background stressors

noise, chemical pollution, crowding ,and urban comutting

stressor

physical, social, and psychosocial event triggers a stress reaction

distress

stress that can have a negative or debilitate effect on health

conditioning

system of reward or punishment used in behavioral psychology for desired response

manic depression D/O

violent mood swings

habit

behavior resulting from repetition

withdrawl

abstaining from an addictive chemical or behavior

compulsion

an overwhelming need to perform a behavior

obsession

excessive preoccupation with an addictive object/ behavior

denial

inability to interpret the effects of an addictive behavior

addiction

involvement with a mood altering object or activity

tolerance

larger doses of drugs and more intense involvement

PTSD

recognized in combat soldiers (unresolved trauma)

relapse

returning to an addiction behavior after abstaining

12 step program

support group designed to keep addicts free of addiction

acetaminophen

an aspirin substitute found in Tylenol and related medications

antihisti

CNS depressant that dries runny nose and clears post nasal drip ans sinus congestion

GRAE

drug that recognized as effective

GRAS

drug recognized as safe

EPA

Environmental Protective Agency

antipyretic

fever- reducing drug

nutrition

science investigating physiological function and essential elements of foods we eat

hunger

the physiological desire to eat

appetite

the psychological desire to eat

calories

unit of measure that indicates the amount of energy we obtain from certain food

World Health Organization (WHO)

the first comprehensive definition was provided by the

physical

body size, body functioning, and susceptibilty to disease and disorders

spiritual

the component of health that extends to a sense of being part of some larger form of existence is

social

the health component that includes interactions with others and our daily behavior is

emotional

As a child therapist, Heidi is comfortable sharing feelings to her clients. Her ability to express her feelings relates to

enviromental

When David learned more about how much pollution is caused by gasoline-ran lawn mowers, he bought an electric one instead.His decision relates to which health component?

health belief model

the ___________ model explains how beliefs may/ may not influence subsequent behaviors.

dizziness, sweating, and heart palpitation

What is a system of a panic attack?

Fats

Calories are eaten in the form protein, carbohydrates, and _____________.

depression

What is the most common emotional disorder in the United States?

amino acids

What are proteins comprised of?

fruit

Simple sugars can be found___________.

carbs

What part of the diet supplies with the energy to sustain normal daily activity

30 billion dollars a year

How much money do Americans spend on prescription drugs?

nicoten

________________ decreases the stomach contractions that signal hunger.

16

Smoking has been estimated to be responsible for almost ___percent of all deaths in the U.S. each year.

caffeine

_____________ is the most popular and widely used consumed drug in the U.S.

10 to 30 minutes

How quickly are the effects of ingesting a caffeine-containing product?

66.0 years

What is the lifetime expectancy of a black male?

72.6 years

What is the lifetime expectancy of a white male?

U.S.

Which industrialized country has the greatest number of violent deaths?

depression

What has been described the "common cold of mental illness?"

depression

The most emotional disorder in the U.S.?

fights infection

What is the function of red blood cells?

rest, ice, compress, elevate

What does RICE stand for?

reduces CHD, prevents hypertension, and weight control

What are some reasons for physical fitness to be beneficial?

220 - Age

What is the formula for finding your target heart rate?

1. exchange of body fluids2.a blood transfusion prior to 1985 3. injecting drug users4.mother to infant

The transmission of AIDS is possible by ____________

have the belief that they can control their usage

People who drug problems begin____________.

illegal

The definition of illicit is _________.

syphilis

______________ is called the "great imitator" because its symptoms resemble those of several other diseases.

restitution for your harm you have done to others

If you make a wrong decision you should _____________.

yourself

The person most responsible for the quality of your health is _____________.

you believe in your ideas, feelings, and decisions

When you re self- confident

behavior

A________ is the way you act or choose to act in a situation.

OTD

A drug purchased w/out a prescription is called an

side effect

An unwanted body change from a drug is called a

prescription

A written order by a health professional for a drug is a

gateway

A _________ is a drug that likely increases the likelihood that a person will use other harmful drugs.

ectaxy

_______________ can harm the memory and pleasures centers of the brain having effects thats last between three to six hours causing dehydration, heart, or kidney failure

depressant

_________ slow down or depress the central nervous system (CNS)

stimulant

__________________ speeds up the activities of the (CNS)

steriods

A group of synthetic drugs that are related to hormones are called

1.4 billion

How much money does McDonald's spend on direct advertisement each year?

Mississippi

What state is considered to be the most obese in America?

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